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Abstract

The paper aims to analyse the state of inter-ethnic relations in Kosovo between ethnic Albanians and ethnic Serbs, with special focus on the period after unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo in 2008. Inter-ethnic conflict in Kosovo has exclusively been over its territory since both Serbs and Albanians have made claims about history and ethno-demography to justify their alleged exclusive right to this ethnically mixed region. Consequently, inter-ethnic relations between Albanians and Serbs in Kosovo have been rather problematic throughout the most of the 20th century. During this period Albanians in Kosovo have been subjected to discrimination, intimidation and even mass expulsion by Yugoslav/Serb authorities. In late 1990s, these relations between Albanians and Serbs in Kosovo have progressively worsened and finally escalated in an armed warfare in 1999.

Immediately after the war, Serbs in Kosovo were occasionally exposed to acts of inter-ethnic and retaliatory violence. Inter-ethnic relations between the two major ethnicities continued to be tense and fragile after independence of Kosovo in 2008. Dramatic changes of ethnic composition structure, atrocities and huge number of refugees due to the war, have left a legacy of deep mistrust and animosities between Albanians and Serbs in the newly created state. Consequently, Serbs in Kosovo have from the beginning refused to recognize Kosovo’s independence and have rigorously refused any governance by Kosovo authorities. Serbian community, especially in the North, claims stronger territorial autonomy, even separatism and unification with Serbia. The paper claims that in Kosovo inter-ethnic and interstate relations are basically the components of the same equation. Therefore, paper concludes that only overall improvement of relations between Kosovo and Serbia could contribute to overall relaxation of inter-ethnic relations between Albanians and Serbs in Kosovo. Unfortunately, the latest incidents between Kosovo and Serbia have increased the tensions between the two sides to alarming levels.

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towards the issues of Albanians and other minorities in the country. It is interesting though, that apart form the long time gap since when these events took part - twenty years, the topics are still very actual in daily politics of Macedonia, such as: the name issues, the level of society consolidation, democratic institutions capacity ... up to the very tense inter-ethnic relations. By reading this book the reader is kept so busy and alive and becomes more and more curious to find out all about the Macedonian political history. All this is achieved with a

involved in dramAcum put an emphasis on reality, creating social and political shows, writing a new, privileged, chapter by taking on taboo subjects (social exclusion, inter-ethnic relations, human trafficking, deviant sexuality), seldom approached in public state theatres. The Romanian independent theatre is still difficult to define because of various and complex reasons. As a usual practice, its trademarks (like they appear to be, taking into consideration the majority of shows and festivals which call themselves independent) are: 1918-2018: 100 Years of

Republic that consists of only 12,231 people (0.1% of total population) ( Czech Statistical Office 2014 ), their identity had been studied by several authors. These studies allowed the mapping of geographical and historical aspects of the regional identity ( Odehnal & Šerý 2012 , Vaishar & Zapletalová 2016 , Siwek 2006 , 2017 ), as well as showing inter-ethnic relations in Czech Silesia ( Šrajerová 2017 ). Moreover, Silesian identity has often been studied in the Czech-Polish cooperation (e.g. Siwek & Kaňok 2000; Szczepański & Janeczek 2006 ). Publications in German

spoločnosti . Bratislava: VEDA, 398–415. Krekovičová Eva 2015 “Komická figúrka Róma na Slovensku v premenách času. Na príklade anekdot a karikatúr.” Podolinská T. Hrustič T. Čierno-biele svety. Rómovia v majoritnej spoločnosti. Bratislava VEDA 398 415 Ladányi, János & Szelényi, Iván. 2003. “Historical variations in inter-ethnic relations: Toward a social history of Roma in Csenyéte, 1857–2000.” Romani Studies 5, 13(1):1–51. Ladányi János Szelényi Iván 2003 “Historical variations in inter-ethnic relations: Toward a social history of Roma in Csenyéte 1857–2000” Romani