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Research Centre. OECD/ITF, 2009. [15] Bunch J., Burnier C., Greer E., Hatcher G., Jacobi A., Kabir F., Lowrance C., Mercer M., Wochinger K.: Intelligent Transportation Systems Benefits, Costs, Deployment and Lessons Learned Desk Reference 2011 UPDATE. RITA Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office. Final Report - September 2011. FHWA-JPO-11-140. [16] McDonald M., Keller H., Klijnhout J., Mauro V., Hall R., Spence A., Hecht C., Fakler O.: Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe. Opportunities for Future Research. World Scientific, 2006. [17] Oskarbski J

-248. 10. Nasim, R., A. Kassler. Distributed Architectures for Intelligent Transport Systems: A Survey. - In: Proc. of 12th IEEE 2nd Symposium on Network Cloud Computing and Applications, 2012. 11. On-Board Diagnostics (OBD). 12. Park, J., Y. L. Murphey, J. G. Kristinsson, R. McGee, M. L. Kuang, T. Phillips.Real Time Vehicle Speed Prediction Using a Neural Network Traffic Model. - In: Proc. of IEEE IJCNN, 2011, pp. 2991-2996. 13. Park, J., Y. L. Murphey, R. McGee, J. G. Kristinsson, M. L. Kuang, A. M.Phillips. Intelligent

, RTU, 2012, p. 28. [11] EU Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2010 on the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport. [12] Commission delegated regulation (eu) no 305/2013 of 26 November 2012 supplementing Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the harmonised provision for an interoperable EU-wide eCall. [13] Directive 2008/68/EC - inland transport of dangerous goods of the European

much do road accidents cost the national economy? Accident Analysis & Prevention, 32(6), 849-851. DOI:10.1016/S0001-4575(00)00015-4. 4. Elvik, R., Hoye, A., Vaa, T., Sorensen, M. (2009) Road Design and Road Equipment. The handbook of road safety measures , pp. 144-333. ISBN: 978-1-84855-250-0. DOI: 10.1108/9781848552517-007 5. European Transport Safety Council (ETSC). (1999) INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS AND ROAD SAFETY. ETSC, Brussels 1999. ISBN: 90-76024-05-7 6. Foss, T. (2014) Safe and Secure Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). Proceedings of Transport


The possibilities of expanding the transport infrastructure in cities are considerably limited, as urban areas of the municipalities are built-up. The current infrastructure is no longer sufficient to meet standard transport needs in cities, as there has been a growing trend in recent years for both manufactured and sold vehicles. The reason that vehicles are manufactured is the high demand for the purchase of these vehicles, which clearly reflects the subsequent trend of the traveling public using individual transport modes. In individual chapters, this article evaluates the simultaneous use of intelligent transport systems in the Slovak cities and, at the same time, points out further possibilities of SMART elements implementation in transport, which can ensure more efficient transport processes in agglomerations. Given the circumstances that transport infrastructure is no longer sufficient and the vehicles are stationary, which has adverse effects on arrival time as well as on the environment and the quality of life in the cities, the manuscript deals with this issue in particular.

6. References [1] Archer j., Z: Fundamental traffic safety issues concerning the use of intelligent transport systems, CRT, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sweden, 2000 [2] Chojnacki B., Kowalewski M., Pękalski A., Z: Znaczenie krajowej architektury ITS [The significane of national ITS architecture] , Prace Naukowe Politechniki Warszawskiej [3] E-FRAME Extend FRAMEwork architecture for cooperative systems: Function, Data Flow, Data Store and Terminator Descriptions, 2011 [4] The home of the FRAME architecture, E-FRAME project, European ITS Framework


Mobilising knowledges across a geography creates opportunities for transitions to smart systems. Publics in a geography are consequently able to form their perspectives around a system and align potential benefits with their needs. Intelligent transport systems are an example of smart living and EVs are cited as an alternative technology that are key to their application. This conceptual paper uses EVs as an example to demonstrate how knowledge mobilisation relating to such technologies can better cater to a geography’s needs. Unfortunately, current EV studies focus on a rural-urban binary. Thus, this conceptual contribution reflects on a study in Cornwall, UK, to reveal the heterogeneous influences on rural EV-related perspectives. This heterogeneity manifests both in particular locations and across cases. Overall a suite of transferrable participatory methods to improve rural knowledge mobilisation is outlined.

Operatív Program (IKOP), Budapest [4] Hungarian Ministry of National Development, Hungarian Transport Authority (2014). National Transport Infrastructure Development Plan (in Hungarian). (Nemzeti Fejlesztési Minisztérium, Közlekedésfejlesztési Koordinációs Központ: Nemzeti Közlekedési Infrastruktúra-fejlesztési Stratégia), Budapest [5] European Commission (2008). Communication from the Commission: Action Plan for the Deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe . COM (2008) 886 final, Brussels, 16 December 2008 [6] European Parliament and of the Council (2010

5. Literature [1] Adamski A.: Inteligentne Systemy Transportowe: sterowanie, nadzór i zarządzanie. [Intelligent Transport Systems: control, supervision and management]. AGH. Kraków 2003, pp: 1-10 [2] Architektura Fizyczna KSZR [NTMS Physical Architecture] , [3] Architektura Funkcjonalna KSZR [NTMS Functional Architecture] , [4] Chudzikiewicz A.: Inteligentne Systemy Transportowe (ITS

.: Analysis of maintenance models’ parameters estimation for technical systems with delay time. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc – Maintenance and Reliability 2014; 16(2): 288–294. [8] Kalupova B., Hlavon I.: Intelligent transport systems in the management of road transportation. Open Engineering, vol. 6, issue: 1, 2016, pp. 492-497. [9] Kaszubowski D., Oskarbski J.: Simulation of the process of selecting the method for detection of traffic incidents. Logistyka 3/2012. [10] Kierzkowski A., Kisiel T.: Airport security screeners reliability analysis. In: „Proceedings of the IEEE