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Effect of Integration on the Gross Value Added in the Baltic States Dairy Sector Secondary Level

in Finland and in the Baltic countries. Retrieved from www.eoq.hu/iama/conf/1077_paper.pdf 9. Jasjko, D., Frolova, L., Dobele, A., Pančenko, Ē., Ivanova, T., & Radionova, A. (2007). Piensaimniecības nozares attīstībasanalīze un konkurētspējas novērtējums Latvijā un Eiropas Savienībastirgū: gala pārskats . Retrieved from http://www.llu.lv/getfile.php?hash=f9cbc16236cd5bae13520fba8b94ead9 10. Kedaitiene, A., & Hockmann, H. (2002). Milkand milk processing industry in Lithuania: anAnalysis of horizontal and vertical integration

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Detecting differential viability selection between environments by analysis of compositional differentiation at different levels of genetic integration

selection components analysis. Ecology and Evolution 5(13):2722-2744. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1546 Foll M and O Gaggiotti (2008) A genome-scan method to identify selected loci appropriate for both dominant and codominant markers: a Bayesian perspective. Genetics 180(2):977-993. Gillet EM (2013) DifferInt : compositional differentiation among populations at three levels of genetic integration. Molecular Ecology Resources 13(5):953-964. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.12145 Gillet EM and H-R Gregorius (2008) Measuring differentiation among

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Does the activity of producer group organizations improve the production of pigs?

. In: Economic assessment of the quality of agricultural production against the standards of the European Union (in Polish). Akademia Podlaska, pp. 110-124. Boguta W., Siekierski C. (2001). Agricultural producer groups asafactor in improving the production and marketing of agricultural products (in Polish). Zesz. Nauk. SGGW, 43: 45-56. Borecka A. (2004). Integration of pig producers asafactor of profitability (in Polish). Zesz. Nauk. Prz. Hod., 72: 232. Defaix G. (1997). Producer organizations from protected agriculture

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Polymorphisms in JAK2 gene are associated with production traits and mastitis resistance in dairy cattle

.C., Chalise P., Cicek M.S., Cunningham J.M., Armasu S., Larson M.C., Chien J., Block M., Kalli K.R., Sellers T.A., Fridley B.L (2014). Integrative genomic analysis identifies epigenetic marks that mediate genetic risk for epithelial ovarian cancer. BMC Med. Genomics, 7(1): 8. doi: 10.1186/1755-8794-7-8. Li X., Park W.J., Pyeritz R.E., Jabs E.W. (1995). Effect on splicing of a silent FGFR2 mutation in Crouzon Syndrome. Nat. Genetic., 9(3): 232-233. Mdegela R.H., Ryoba R., Karimuribo E.D., Phiri E.J., Løken T., Reksen O., Mtengeti E., Urio, N.A., (2009

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Assessment of cortisol and DHEA concentrations in Griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) feathers to evaluate its allostatic load

). How do glucocorticoids influence stress responses? Integrating permissive, suppressive, stimulatory, and preparative actions. Endocr. Rev., 21: 55–89. Sild E., Meitern R., Manniste M., Karu U., Horak P. (2014). High feather corticosterone indicates better coccidian infection resistance in greenfinches. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol., 204: 203–210. Van Uum S.H., Sauve B., Fraser L.A., Morley-Forster P., Paul T.L., Koren G. (2008). Elevated content of cortisol in hair of patients with severe chronic pain: a novel biomarker for stress. Stress, 11: 483

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Impact of fertility variation on genetic diversity and phenotypic traits in second generation seed production areas and clonal seed orchards of Eucalyptus camaldulensis

fertility variation in clonal seed orchards of teak ( Tectona grandis L.f.) and its impact on seed crop. Silvae Genet 58: 85-93. https://doi.org/10.1515/sg-2009-0011 Park JM, Kwon SH, Lee HJ, Na SJ, El-Kassaby YA,Kang KS (2017) Integrating fecundity variation and genetic relatedness in estimating the gene diversity of seed crops: Pinus koraiensis seed orchard as an example. Can J For Res 47:366–370. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2016-0223 Peakall R, Smouse PE (2012) GenAlEx 6.5: genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and

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Rural Livelihood Strategies and Household Food Security of Farmers Surrounding Derba Cement Factory, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Abstract

This study examined the livelihood strategies and food security situation of rural households around Derba Cement Factory by taking a randomly selected sample of 215 heads of farm households from three rural kebeles. A mixed research approach was employed to triangulate concurrently collected data through household survey, key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Informed by the sustainable rural livelihood framework, descriptive statistics were used to describe rural households’ livelihood strategies and challenges they faced while inferential statistics was employed to explain households’ food security situations with different livelihood combinations. While mixed farming was found to be the mainstay of the household economy, small-scale irrigation and extracting forest products were also used as supplementary economic activities. More than a half of the respondents (52.5%) reported at least one non-farm activity. Land shortage was identified as a major constraint to expand crop production and this was further aggravated by the activities (e.g. querying leading to displacement) of the Derba Cement Factory. This further affected household labor allocation and natural resources utilization. The result of household food (in) security access scale indicated that 59% of the respondents have experienced food access insecurity in 2016. However, respondents who combined agriculture and non-farm activities appeared relatively more food secure than those engaged in agriculture alone or in non-farm activity only. Overall, households with multiple livelihood strategies had diverse food entitlements to maintain sustainable food consumption. Yet, necessity induced diversification was found to affect food access security of households. This calls for inclusive policies and strategies that integrate rural non-farm activities to subsistence farming in order to assure sustainable livelihood in rural communities.

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Effects of Vermicompost, Fertilizer and Mulch on Plant Growth, Nodulation and Pod Yield of French Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Effects of Vermicompost, Fertilizer and Mulch on Plant Growth, Nodulation and Pod Yield of French Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Integration of vermicompost and organic mulch as elements of vegetable production system sustain soil fertility and crop productivity. A field experiment was conducted with the objective to investigate the effects of vermicompost, NPK fertilizer and organic mulch on crop growth, nodulation and pod yield of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with an ultimate aim of optimizing water and nutrient requirement in mild-tropical climate during dry season. The shoot growth traits, namely shoot length, number of primary branches, shoot fresh weight and shoot dry weight were increased by 28-63% through application of N P2O5 K2O 8:13:10 kg·ha-1 + vermicompost 3.75 t·ha-1 and by 5-50% in organic mulching treatments. Application of vermicompost reduced nodule fresh weight and nodule dry weight by 44.9 and 44.5%, respectively. Likewise, corresponding nodule number, nodule fresh weight and nodule dry weight were reduced by 8.6, 11.1 and 14.1% with organic mulching. Poor nodulations might be due to reduced oxygenation of the soils under vermicompost and organic mulch which is ultimately impeding the nitrogenase activity and biological nitrogen fixation. Mulching of French bean with dried grasses and crop residues are also led to higher single pod weight, pod length, pod weight/plant and pod yield by 10.9, 12.8, 20.1 and 20.2%, respectively. Present study shows that application of N P2O5 K2O fertilizer 8-15:13-25:10-20 kg·ha-1, vermicompost 2.50-3.75 t·ha-1, 4 cm thick mulch of dried crop residues and 50% irrigation is the most suitable and sustainable strategy to improve plant growth, pod formation and pod yield of French bean, and soil health of mild-tropical climate during dry season.

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Similarities Between Quality and Health Promoting Compounds as a Result to Stress

chain: a case study on glucosinolates in cabbage. Trends Food Sci. Technol . 11 , Issues 4-5, 5 April 2000: 174-181. Galindo F.G., Herppich W., Gekas V., Sjöholm I. 2004. Factors affecting quality and postharvest properties of vegetables: Integration of water relations and metabolism. Critical Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 44 , Issue 3: 139-154. Lana M.M., Tijskens L.M.M. 2006. Effects of Cutting and Maturity on Antioxidant Activity of Fresh-Cut Tomatoes. Food Chem. 97/2 : 203-211. Mulholland B

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Mathematics Education Problems and Attempts to Solve Them in Nowadays Lithuanian School

September 05, 2016, from http://www.nec.lt/590/ . (in Lithuanian). 6. Norvaiša, R. (2012). Matematikos mokymas – laike įstrigęs pasaulis. (Teaching of Mathematics – World stuck in Time). Retrieved September 05, 2016, from http://norvaisa.lt/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/laike-istriges-pasaulis.pdf . (in Lithuanian). 7. Pečiuliauskienė, P., Valantinaitė, I., Malonaitienė, V. (2013). Z karta: kūrybingumas ir integracija (Generation Z: Creativity and Integration). Vilnius: Edukologija. (in Lithuanian). 8. Petkus, T., Karaliun, I. (2014). Mokytojų poreikio

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