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Normative and Institutional Dimensions of Rights’ Adjudication Around the World

Abstract

The implications of incommensurability for rights’ adjudication tend to be overlooked in much of contemporary constitutional theory. This paper criticizes the dominant “one right-answer” approach to conflicts of rights, and develops an alternative approach that is better suited to constitutional rights’ adjudication in contemporary pluralistic legal orders. It is submitted that the normative reasons for having courts undertake the value-choices implicit in constitutional rights’ adjudication, and for preferring certain legal methodologies over others, must reflect the role of courts in resolving social disputes in the light of specific aspects of the economic, social, and legal life of the polities in which those courts operate. It is further argued that any theory that builds from this approach needs to answer two inter-related questions: when is constitutional rights’ adjudication by courts appropriate, and how rights’ adjudication should be pursued.

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What can institutional analysis say about capitalism in Central and Eastern Europe? Results and limitations

an almost forgotten topic after World War II. In the 1970s, the quick catching up of some small Western European countries aroused some interest in institutional comparison. A distinct field of interest was the system comparison between capitalism and socialism. Despite the collapse of socialist systems, two different fields of research survived. One of them addresses the issues of developed countries, and the other investigates the transformation of socialist countries. This section discusses two examples to highlight how crucial the choice of theoretical

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Knowledge Transfer in Higher Education Quality Management: The Case of Germany and Slovakia

Knowledge Transfer in Higher Education Quality Management: The Case of Germany and Slovakia

The last two decades have been characterized by a fundamental change in the approaches, tools and instruments in the quality management at Higher Education Institutions. Comparison of two Higher Education Institutions in the Slovak Republic and Germany highlights similarities and trends in quality assurance. Both case studies show how multifaceted the quality management is, and the needs to be approached if a meaningful progress is to be made. Complexity has to be explicitly recognized and built into the approach chosen. Higher Education Institutions have to develop internal quality assurance processes. Quality culture is key for addressing the challenges.

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Leader Policy Practices and Landscapes in the Light of the Agency-Structure Debate: Evidence from Leader Local Action Groups in Italy and in Finland

Abstract

This article investigates LEADER policy practices and landscapes within very different regions of the European Union: North Karelia, Finland, and South Tyrol, Italy. The qualitative analysis of this geo-institutional comparison is carried out in the light of the agency-structure debate. Such theoretical framework contributes to investigate policies on the basis of their causal/contextual conjunctures; at the same time, it cautions from the contemporary common approach to identify ‘best’ policy practices. In the Joensuun Seudun LEADER Local Action Group, policy processes of social engagement are encompassed by the dominating structures of ‘village’, and ‘subpolitics’. In the Local Action Group Wipptal instead, the data suggest that the dominating structural dimensions are ‘politics’ and ‘agriculture’. Against the background of a re-territorialized rural development, policy implementation is a unique geographical process, which cannot be left aside neither from its contextual conjunctures, nor from a broad theoretical framework.

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Laparoscopic Resection of the Pancreatic Tail with Preservation of the Spleen in a Patient with a Large Pseudopapillary Tumor of the Pancreas

G, Butturini G, Piccoli M, et al. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy: results on a consecutive series of 58 patients. Ann Surg 2007;246:77-82. 14. Baker MS, Bentrem DJ, Ujik MB, et all. A prospective single institution comparison of peri-operative outcomes for laparoscopic and open distal pancreatectomy. Surgery 2009;146(4):635-45. 15. Fronza JS, Bentrem DJ, Baker MS, Talamonti MS, Ujiki MB. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy using radiofrequency energy. Am J Surg 2010;199(3):401-4. 16. Borja-Cacho D, Al-Refaie W

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Dosimetric characterizations of GZP6 60Co high dose rate brachytherapy sources: application of superimposition method

References Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC), 2010, Available at: www.npic.ac.cn/ Ito H. Radiotherapy for cervical cancer: A multi-institutional comparison. Nippon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi 1999; 59 : 745-9. Kim WC, Kim GE, Suh CO, Loh JJK. High versus low dose rate intracavitary irradiation for adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Jpn J Clin Oncol 2001; 31 : 432-7. Papagiannis P, Angelopoulos A, Pantelis E, Sakelliou L, Karaiskos P

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Minimally Invasive Supraumbilical Approach for Pyloromyotomy

, Lerer TJ, et al. Ghosts in the machine: a multi-institutional comparison of laparoscopic and open pyloromyotomy. J Pediatr Surg 2007; 42(12): 2026-9. 5. El-Gohary Y, Yeap BH, Hempel G, et al. A 9-year single center experience with circumumbilical Ramstedt’s pyloromyotomy. Eur J Pediatr Surg 2010; 20(6): 387-90. 6. El Mzabri H. Traitement de la sténose hypertrophique du pylore par voie coelioscopique: a propos de 10 cas. [PhD thesis], Rabat, Maroc, Universite Mohammed V, Faculte de Medecine et de Pharmacie, 2011. 7. Hall NJ, Pacilli M, Eaton S, et al

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Editorial

, institutional comparison is able to provide essential insights on the position and prospects of CEE European Union member states. One of the most important insights is that the maintenance of economic convergence to western European countries requires substantial institutional changes. According to her view, Central and Eastern Europe is the region of “in-betweenness”, where the legacy of incomplete modernization attempts hinders the optimal institutional arrangement. In the fourth paper, entitled “Dependent Capitalism and the Middle-Income Trap in East- Central Europe

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The Second-Generation Theory of Fiscal Federalism: A Critical Evaluation

References · Burret Heiko T and Feld Lars P., 2014, ‘A Note on Budget Rules and Fiscal Federalism’, CESifo DICE Report: Journal for Institutional Comparisons, II(1): 3-11. · (CBN) Central Bank of Nigeria, 2015, Annual Report 2015, Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja. · (CBN) Central Bank of Nigeria, 2014a, Annual Economic Report for 2014, Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja. · (CBN) Central Bank of Nigeria, 2014b, Statistical Bulletin: Public Finance Statistics 2014, Central Bank · of Nigeria, Abuja

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Evaluation of two-dimensional dose distributions for pre-treatment patient-specific IMRT dosimetry

F Dosimetric verification of radiotherapy treatment planning systems: Results of IAEA pilot study Radiother Oncol 2008 89 338 46 10.1016/j.ra-donc.2008.07.007 20 Gershkevitsh E, Pesznyak C, Petrovic B, Grezdo J, Chelminski K, do Carmo Lopes M, et al. Dosimetric inter-institutional comparison in European radiotherapy centres: Results of IAEA supported treatment planning system audit. Acta Oncol 2014; 53 :628-36. 10.3109/0284186X.2013.840742 Gershkevitsh E Pesznyak C Petrovic B Grezdo J Chelminski K do Carmo Lopes M Dosimetric inter-institutional

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