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Different pattern of haemagglutinin immunoreactivity of equine influenza virus strains isolated in Poland

References 1. Endo A., Pecoraro R., Sugita S., Nerome K.: Evolutionary pattern of the H 3 haemagglutinin of equine influenza viruses: multiple evolutionary lineages and frozen replication. Arch Virol 1992, 123, 73-87. 2. Kwasnik M., Rozek W., Zmudzinski J.F.: Different patterns of multiplication of equine influenza virus serotypes H7N7 and H3N8 in chicken embryo. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2011, 55, 575-579. 3. Lewis N.S., Daly J.M., Russell C.A., Horton D.L., Skepner E., Bryant N.A., Burke D.F., Rash A.S., Wood J

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Epidemiological Surveillance of Influenza Virus Matrix Gene in Pigs, in Lagos, Nigeria, 2015-2016

References Anjorin, A., Omilabu, S., Salu, O., Oke, B., 2012. Detection of Influenza A Virus in Pigs in Lagos, Nigeria. African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology 13, 41-45. Bakare, B. 2016. Lagos State Government. In Gains of Ambode's all inclusive governance, LASG, ed. (Ikeja, Lagos State Government). Brown, I.H., 2000. The epidemiology and evolution of influenza viruses in pigs. Vet Microbiol 74, 29-46. CDC, 2012. Updates: influenza A (H3N2)v transmission and guidelinefive states. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 60

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Phylogenetic Analysis of the First Isolate of Polish H1N2 Swine Influenza Virus

References 1. Bi Y., Fu G., Chen J., Peng J., Sun Y., Wang J., Pu J., Zhang Y., Gao H., Ma G., Tian F., Brown I.H., Liu J.: Novel swine influenza virus reassortants in pigs, China. Emerg Infect Dis 2010, 16 , 1162-1164. 2. Brown I.H., Harris P.A., Alexander D.J.: Serological studies of influenza viruses in pigs in Great Britain 1991-2. Epidemiol Infect 1995, 114 , 511-520. 3. Brown I.H., Ludwig S., Olsen C.W., Hannoun C., Scholtissek C., Hinshaw V.S., Harris P.A., McCauley J.W., Strong I., Alexander D

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Serological Evidence of Co-Circulation of Different Subtypes of Swine Influenza Virus in Polish Pig Herds

References 1. Bi Y., Fu G., Chen J., Peng J., Sun Y., Wang J., Pu J., Zhang Y., Gao H., Ma G., Tian F., Brown I.H., Liu J.: Novel swine influenza virus reassortants in pigs, China. Emerg Infect Dis 2010, 16 , 1162-1164. 2. Brown I.H., Harris P.A., McCauley J.W., Alexander D.J.: Multiple genetic reassortment of avian and human influenza A viruses in European pigs, resulting in the emergence of an H1N2 virus of novel genotype. J Gen Virol 1998, 79 , 2947-2955. 3. Brown I.H.: The epidemiology and

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Original article. Electron micrographs of human and avian influenza viruses with high and low pathogenicity

References 1. Wright PF, Webster RG. Orthomyxoviruses. In: Knipe GM, Howley PM, editors. Fields virology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001. p.1533-79. 2. Wyckoff RW. Formation of the particles of influenza virus. J Immunol. 1953; 70:187-96. 3. Morgan C, Roee HM, Moore DH. Structure and development of viruses observed in the electron microscope. J Exp Med. 1956; 104:171-82. 4. Murphy JS, Bang FB. Observations with the electron microscope on cells of the chick chorio

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Application of FTA® Cards for detection and storage of avian influenza virus

References 1. Abdelwhab E.M., Luschow D., Harder T.C., Hafez H.M.: The use of FTA® filter papers for diagnosis of avian influenza virus. J Virol Methods 2011, 174, 120-122. 2. Act of 11 March 2004 on animal health protection and fighting against infectious animal diseases (Journal of Laws 2004, No. 69, item 625 with subsequent amendments). 3. Cortes A.L., Montiel E.R., Gimeno I.M.: Validation of Marek’s disease diagnosis and monitoring of Marek’s disease vaccines from samples collected in FTA® Cards. Avian Dis

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Pig lung immune cytokine response to the swine influenza virus and the Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection

-207. 3. Barbé F., Saelens X., Braeckmans D., Lefèvre F., van Reeth K.: Role of IFN-alpha during the acute stage of a swine influenza virus infection. Res Vet Sci 2010, 88, 172-178. 4. Barbé F., Atanasova K., Van Reeth K.: Cytokines and acute phase proteins associated with acute swine influenza infection in pigs. Vet J 2011, 187, 48-53. 5. Benga L., Hoeltig D., Rehm T., Rothkoetter H.J., Pabst R., Valentin-Weigand P., FUGATO-consortium IRAS. Expression levels of immune markers in Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infected pigs and their

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Induction of Apoptosis in MDCK, RK13, and Neuro-2A Cells Infected with Equine Influenza Virus

References 1. van Engeland M., Nieland L. J.W., Ramaekers F.C.S., Schutte B., Chris P.M.: Annexin V-affinity assay: a review on an apoptosis detection system based on phosphatidylserine exposure. Cytometry 1998 , 31 , 1-9. 2. Fan Y., Weinstein J.N., Kohn K.W., Shi L.M., Pommier Y.: Molecular modeling studies of the DNAtopoisomerase I ternary cleavable complex with camptothecin. J Med Chem 1998, 41, 2216-2226. 3. Gaush C.R., Smith T.F.: Replication and plaque assay of influenza virus in an established

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Phylogenetic study of H5 low pathogenic avian influenza viruses detected in wild birds in Poland in 2010−2015

References 1. Alexander D.J.: A review of avian influenza in different bird species. Vet Microbiol 2000, 74, 3–13. 2. Baek Y.H., Pascua P.N., Song M.S., Park K.J., Kwon H.I., Lee J.H., Kim S.Y., Moon H.J., Kim C.J., Choi Y.K.: Surveillance and characterization of low pathogenic H5 avian influenza viruses isolated from wild migratory birds in Korea. Virus Res 2010, 150, 119–128. 3. Bodewes R., Bestebroer T.M., van der Vries E., Verhagen J.H., Herfst S., Koopmans M.P., Fouchier R.A., Pfankuche V.M., Wohlsein P., Siebert U., Baumgärtner W

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Genetic analysis of the M gene of equine influenza virus strains isolated in Poland, in the context of the Asian-like group formation

References 1. Alves Beuttemmüller E., Woodward A., Rash A., Dos Santos Ferraz L.E., Fernandes Alfieri A., Alfieri A.A., Elton D.: Characterization of the epidemic strain of H3N8 equine influenza virus responsible for outbreaks in South America in 2012. Virol J 2016, 13, 45. 2. Borchers K., Daly J., Stiens G., Kreling K., Kreling I., Ludwig H.: Characterisation of three equine influenza A H3N8 viruses from Germany (2000 and 2002): Evidence for frozen evolution. Vet Microbiol 2005, 107, 13–21. 3. Bountouri M., Fragkiadaki E., Ntafis V., Kanellos T

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