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society on gender has varied widely over time and space due to the differences in socio-cultural traditions and practices ( Chakravarti & Roy 1988 ). Since early times, societal structure has played an active role in stimulating change in women’s roles and positions, but with time has also hindered the progress of the country. In this context, this study has made an attempt to assess women’s status and to highlight the structural framework of gender relations in ancient Indian civilization. Materials and Methods Based on the ancient Indian manuscripts and texts: the

Introduction Indian civilization has over 2500 years of mapping tradition. During ancient period, Indian scholars were familiar with the idea of scale, length, shape, area and angles. Archeological excavations of the magnificent cities of Indus Valley Civilization ( Mackay 1938 ), hymns and chants of ancient Indian texts viz. Sulvasutras ( Seidenberg 1978 ; van der Waerden 1983 ; Staal 1999 ) corroborate this claim. This legacy continued in the mathematical and astronomical works of great Indian scholars viz. Aryabhatta, Barahamihira, Bhāskara and

References Aussant Émilie. 2009. La nomination des langues dans l’histoire. (Histoire Épistémologie Langage, 31: 2.) Paris: SHESL. D’Avella Victor B. (forthcoming). “Translating and T ransforming G rammar: Compounding in the Tolkāppiyam.” In: Presentation at the 41st Annual Conference on South Asia, October 11-14, 2012, Center for South Asia, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison. Balasubramaniam R., Chattopadhyaya D.P. 2008. History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, VI: 5: The Life-world of the Tamil: Past and Present, I. Delhi

Central Eurasia to Russia). We also embrace this concept, but we call the macro-region “Russian,” unlike the problematic name “Slav,” used by Fellmann et al. (2008) . South-Western and Southern Asia are mostly delineated in the same way, with the integrating factor of Islam or Hinduism (Indian civilizations) or a relatively analogous development and affiliation with “British India.” Few if any problems are caused by the delineation of South-Eastern Asia, which we denote as the Indonesian macro-region. Here we highlight the fact that some authors merge South

because members of the diaspora are “shining ambassadors of the great Indian civilization” and “a veritable ‘brain bank’ from which the country can make withdrawals” ( Naujoks 2013 , 45). The government's relationship with this new-found Indian treasure is managed by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, which was established in 2004 ( Naujoks 2013 , 50). Despite efforts by non-resident Indians (NRIs), India does not grant dual citizenship, due in part to its history of postcolonial nation building. Nevertheless, the powerful new magnetism of its diaspora has