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References 1. COMITÊ OLÍMPICO BRASILEIRO, 2006. Informações sobre o uso de medicamentos no esporte . Rio de Janeiro: Comitê Olímpico Brasileiro. 2. HOLMES, J., 1974. Berlim 1936: glória do Reich de Hitler . Rio de Janeiro: Editora Renes. 3. FERREIRA, F., 2002. Olympia: o triunfo do corpo . Rio de Janeiro, UFJF. 4. GENTRY, T., 1990. Owens: Champion athlete . New York: Chelsea House Publishers. 5. DUARTE, M., 2012. O guia dos curiosos: Jogos Olímpicos . São Paulo: Panda Books. 6. INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE, 2011. Hope: when the sport can change the world

REFERENCES Harrison, R.W., 2010. Architect of Soviet Victory in World War II: The Life and Theories of G.S. Isserson . Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co. Lopez, J. and Otkhmezuri, L., 2013. Joukov: L'homme qui a vaincu Hitler . Paris: Perrin.

Abstract

This article presents the analysis of thematic, historical and political spectrums of the “Ukrainian” content in the German newspapers and magazines of the interwar period. As a source base for this scientific work the authors analyze the newspaper and magazine journalism of that time, which allows not only to keep certain historical episodes (konstatives), but also (in some way) to reflect the views, needs, intentions, challenges, promises as well as German political and social factors in terms of disillusionment of Ukrainian patriotic forces (performatives). Nazism and Bolshevism skillfully used propaganda to achieve predatory targets, therefore it should be a lesson for the future generations, also the importance of conceptional media in Ukraine and Poland should increase.

Abstract

The technology of erecting war shelters has been evolving over the centuries alongside the development of technology and building-oriented requirements. Many papers have been published on this subject in recent times. The ruins of the Wolf ’s Lair war fortress prompted the authors to write this work with a slightly different emphasis than the previous papers. In addition to a brief history of the objects, the work presents the design guidelines used in their construction and describes the construction solutions applied. In addition, where appropriate, the advantages and disadvantages of these construction solutions from an engineering point of view are highlighted.

Democracy . Cambridge: Polity Press. Holborn, H. (1933). Weimarer Reichsverfassung und Freiheit der Wissenschaft . Leipzig: Meiner. Jäckel, E. (1968). ‘Einleitung’. In: Heuss T. Hitlers Weg , new ed. [ 1 1932]. Tübingen: Wunderlich, pp. XI-XLIV. Jäckh, E. (1921). ‘Rede’. In: Politische Bildung. Wille – Wesen – Ziel – Weg . Berlin: Deutsche Verlagsgesellschaft für Politik und Geschichte, p. 31. Jäckh, E. (1952). ‘Die >>alte<< Hochschule für Politik’. In: id. Suhr, O. Geschichte der Deutschen Hochschule für Politik . Berlin: Gebr. Weiss, pp. 5-32. Jäckh, E. (1960

Abstract

The article is an account of the life and death of Halldor Espelid, a young Norwegian RAF pilot born in Bergen, trained at “Little Norway” in Canada, shot down over occupied France, put in the POW camp for airmen in Sagan (now Żagań in Poland), arrested near Flensburg while taking part in the so-called Great Escape, and murdered at the age of 24 by the Kiel Gestapo. His body was cremated, his ashes buried at Sagan and later moved to the Old Garrison Cemetery in Poznań, Poland, together with the remains of 47 other participants of the famous Great Escape murdered at Hitler’s personal order.

Abstract

The paper presents how important for the history of Polish education were: Ogólnopolski Zjazd Oświatowy (the All-Poland Education Convention) in Warsaw (of April 1919) – called the Teachers’ Sejm, the 1st Pedagogical Congress in Poznan and the 4th Pedagogical Congress in Warsaw (of May 1939). The aforementioned convention and both congresses played a significant role in the development of educational thought and practice in interwar Poland.

The scope of the issues discussed during sessions was large. It covered issues regarding the school system and the school administration, preschool upbringing and other levels of education including higher education, vocational schools, teachers’ education and teachers’ pragmatics, non-school education, school and physical education hygiene. Resolutions and motions adopted at Ogólnopolski Zjazd Oświatowy (All-Poland Education Convention) in Warsaw, in April 1919, provided grounds for work on developing a democratic national education system. The main issues of the Congress in Poznan, held on 8–10 July 1929 during the General National Exhibition in Poznan, were referred to also during sessions of consecutive pedagogical congresses organised by the Polish Teachers’ Union: 2nd Pedagogical Congress (in Vilnius, on 4–8 July 1931) and 3rd Pedagogical Congress (in Lvov on 17–21 June 1933).

Sessions of the aforementioned 4th Pedagogical Congress in Warsaw were held in May 1939, in special circumstances, when a threat from Hitler’s Germany reached its apogee among the Polish society, including teachers. Resolutions of the 4th Congress included the programme of democratic transformations of the national education system characterised in many aspects even with an explicit social radicalism. They provided broader access to the university education for the youth from farmers’ and workers’ families, develop special schooling and extend the school obligation for blind, deaf, mentally disabled and “morally neglected” children, develop adult education, implement education for primary school teachers only at a university level.

Abstract

A complex person (novelist, playwright, screenwriter, translator), George Tabori, pen name of György Tábori, born in Budapest in 1914, was little acclaimed in North America where he spent twenty years of his life and left a mark on the German culture of the 20th century. Due to his cathartic black humour, he overcame the tragic experience of the Holocaust that took away from him almost all his family. Known in post-war drama especially by means of his anti-Hitler farce Mein Kampf (1987) which he authored, directed and acted in, Tabori even took the East-German public by surprise with his special, yet less familiar perspective on history. Mein Kampf was the first play that had a Romanian staging, at Cluj; however, Die Goldberg-Variationen (1991), a real international success, became known to our public at the theatre Radu Stanca in Sibiu under the same title and as Goldberg Show at the National Theatre of Iasi (TNI). Our aim, in this paper, is to analyse the biblical events in the play from a postmodern perspective as homage to the author’s contribution to the philological sub-field of Bible and literature, already consecrated by N. Frye’s Great Code and more recent studies.

Literature Bregman A., 1979, Najlepszy sojusznik Hitlera. Studium o współpracy niemiecko-sowieckiej 1939–1941 . Londyn: Księgarnia Polska Orbis. Demand A., 1990, Deutschlands Grenzen in der Geschichte . Műnchen: Verlag C.H. Beck. Dębski S., 2007, Między Berlinem a Moskwą. Stosunki niemiecko-sowieckie 1939–1941 . Warszawa: Polski Instytut Spraw Międzynarodowych. Diercke Schulatlas , 1942, Braunschweig, Berlin, Hamburg: Georg Westermann. Fisher D., Read A., 1999, The deadly embrace: Hitler, Stalin and the Nazi-Soviet Pact 1939–1941 . London: W.W. Norton Company

’s Printing Group. van Leeuwen, Theo. 2008. Discourse and Practice. New Tools for Critical Discourse Analysis , Oxford University Press. van Leeuwen, Theo. 2015. “Multimodality.” The Handbook of Discourse Analysis , Volume I and II, edited by Deborah Tannen, Heidi E.Hamilton and Deborah Schiffrin, Blackwell Publishers, Malden and Oxford. Internet sources Schulthorpe, Tim. 2016. “D Day hero Lord Bramall leads attacks on Boris Johnson’s ‘laughable’ claim the EU’s superstate ambitions are like Hitler’s”. Daily Mail”. May 15. Available: https