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This paper deals with Parmenides of Elea’s way of inquiry about reality and the opposition emerging from it. In more detail, it analyses how Parmenides’ concepts of logos and doxa present some analogies with Bergson’s thoughts about duration and Time and how these theories influenced the understanding of visual media, especially the cinematographic camera. This survey will allow us to demonstrate that some scientific theories about space that accompanied the development of the cinematographic camera progressively allowed for the birth of a new understanding of this device. In the last section of this study, we will then focus on the way through which the film camera - understood as an intelligent device - passes from the sphere of doxa to the sphere of logos.

the history of cinema, which is based on the analysis of transformations of narrative time forms. Its two extreme poles are “cinema: movement-image” and “cinema: time-image”. Deuleze argues that the contemporary model of “cinema: movement-image”, exempli ed by works e.g. of Alaine Resnais, the French New Wave, Orson Welles, Fede- rico Fellini, and others, evokes mental time: the time of remembrance, mental images, hal- lucinations, and dreams. According to Deleuze, lms create virtual reality, highly approxi- mating the one which another French philosopher Henri

: the possibility of direct inspection or symbolic (sign) representation. The article then discusses the “linking” between the creation of lm visibility, motion and time, as well as the main paradox of the lm recording of time, i.e. the phenomenon of creating an illusion of continuity of motion (and time) with the use of motionless pic- tures (movie camera and projection apparatus). This paradox is referred, inter alia, to the philosophical conceptions advanced by Henri Bergson, who developed his own re ection on the continuity of time, motion, and speci city

Bibliografie: Aristotel, Poetica , Editura Academiei 1965. Henri Bergson, Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic , Macmillan, New York, 1911. Konrad Lorenz, On Aggression , Routledge, London, 1996, pg. 253. Vistian Goia, Literatura pentru copii şi tineret , Cluj-Napoca, Editura Napoca Star, 2000.

Černý a Henri Bergson. In: Václav Černý – život a dílo. In: Václav Černý: život a dílo . Praha: Ústav pro českou literaturu AV ČR, 1996, s. 76–84. SUCHOMEL 1996 : SUCHOMEL, Milan. Václav Černý a umění prózy. In: Václav Černý: život a dílo . Praha: Ústav pro českou literaturu AV ČR, 1996, s. 215–221. TYPLT 1993 : TYPLT, Jaromír. Václava Černého konkrétní existence realismu. In: Literární noviny 4, 1993, č. 6, s. 7. VANOVIČ 1999 : VANOVIČ, Július. Osobnosť Václava Černého: personalistický portrét . Bratislava: Kalligram, 1999. VLADISLAV 1983/84 : VLADISLAV, Jan

/Semiotic and pragmatic questions of the theory of sport/. Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Akademii Wychowania Fizycznego. Mylik, M. (1997). Podstawy filozofii sportu. Podręcznik ruchu parafiadowego /The basics of philosophy of sport: manual of the ‘Parafiada’ movement/. Warsaw: ATK. Mosz, J. (2003). Sfilmować ruch. Sport w filmie krótkometrażowym /Filming the movement: sport in the genre of short films/. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo AWF. Pezdek, K. (2010). Elementy ujęć systemowych w twórczości Henryka Bergsona /Elements of the system's approaches in the works of Henri Bergson

American President Woodrow Wilson, the philosopher Henri Bergson, Sigmund Freud). It was perfectly in tune with the pacifist wing of European rationalism, and proceeded along two main routes: internationalism, with the request, reiterated many times, of a democratic government of the world, and anti-militarism, with the request, this too reiterated many times, of a unilateral disarmament of the nations. So, we see Einstein taking part in the project of the Society of Nations and, at the same time, asking young people to refuse in each country to carry out military

: Edinburgh University Press. Delitz, H. (2015). Bergson-Effekte. Weilerswist: Velbrück. Delitz, H. (2016). Der erste Weltphilosoph. Henri Bergsons Renaissance. Kritik zu: Giuseppe Bianco (2015). Après Bergson. Portrait de groupe avec philosophe. Paris: PUF. Zeitschrift für Ideengeschichte, X, 1, 107-111. Dijksterhuis, E. (1956). Die Mechanisierung des Weltbildes. In Physikalische Blätter, 12, 11, 481-494. Ebeling, W. (2005). Thermodynamics – Past, Present and Future. Advances in Solid State Physics, 45, 3-14. Eddington, A. (1931). Das Weltbild der Physik und ein

Vernunft, insofern er sich von Bergsons Symbiose von Intuition und Rationalität Henri Bergson, Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience. Paris: Presses univ. de France, 1889. anstecken lässt und sich diese Position aneignet, um kurioserweise aus ihr ein neues afrikanisches Selbstbewusstsein zu beziehen. In das von ihm gesuchte panafrikanische Kulturverständnis werden auch deutsche Begriffe und Deutungen integriert. So wollen Senghor und Césaire just von Leo Frobenius, dem ersten Deutschen, der sich systematisch mit Kunstwerken auf dem afrikanischen Kontinent

: Semiotext(e), 2014. 217.) “What is the future, then? What is it that lies before us? Un- actualized difference. We have already learned that if the past did not exist, the present itself could not pass. Now we are told that ‘The passing moment could never pass if it were not already past and yet to come – at the same time as being present.’ Duration is a unity, but it is not merely a unity of past and present, as it might have seemed with [Henri] Bergson. It is a unity of past, present, and future. As a unity, each dimension is woven into the others. The future