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References 1. Bzdęga J, Gębska-Kuczerowska A. Epidemiologia w zdrowiu publicz-nym. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL; 2010. 2. Skawińska M. Analiza funkcjonowania systemów opieki zdrowotnej w wybranych krajach Unii Europejskiej (na przykładzie Szwecji, Wielk-iej Brytanii, Polski i Niemiec). Studia ed.. 2009;13:69-77. 3. Książek P, Herda J, Pawka B, et al. Health education as an Essential standard in healthcare prevention for students in education environment in Lublin. Zdr Publ. 2008;118(4):403-5. 4. Buzowska B. “Urynkowiony” system usług medycznych – argument

institucionalización en las escuelas. Salud colectiva , 5 (3), 376-389. Gavidia Catalán, V. (2001). La transversalidad y la Escuela Promotora de Salud. Revista Española de Salud Pública, 75 , 505-516. Hagquist, C., & Starrin, B. (1997). Health education in schools from information to empowerment models. Health promotion international, 12 (3), 225-232. Nutbeam, D. (2008). The evolving concept of health literacy. Social Science & Medicine , 67 (12), 2072-2078. Sánchez Moreno., A., Ramos García, E., & Marset Campos, P. (1997). Paradigmas y Modelos en educación para la salud. In F

biomedical model has resulted in a change in the mode of health education from traditional teaching to patient-centered education. 5 A menu-style volunteer service model of health education in Tai’an city provides volunteer service through an activities menu. The menu-style volunteer service refers to having certain professional volunteers collect information and present it in a volume, which is distributed to communities, villages, and towns, to allow residents to provide services such as volunteers to hotels/institutions that order these services. 6 , 7 Through four


There are around 10.000 people in Poland who have undergone an organ transplantation at some point in their lives. This procedure allowed those people to enjoy regained health and successfully return to normal life, with the previously assigned roles at work, in their family and in society.

Despite the advances in transplantation, a half of the people waiting for this form of treatment would die, since there are no organs to be transplanted. This state of affairs is caused by the low awareness among the Polish society. Polish people have very low confidence in this treatment method. They lack a basic understanding of the essential medical and legal procedures defining the organization of organ transplantation.

Health educators should address concerns that emerge in society and to present a positive image of transplantation, as a science saving people’s lives. Educating young people about organ transplantation, since their earliest days at school, provides a chance to shape a positive attitude towards the issues of organ transplantation.

This article attempts to answer the following questions: what is health education, organ transplantation, and what are the goals of the health education programs promoting organ transplantation?


Introduction. The dynamic development of new technologies and the dissemination of mobile applications in everyday life create opportunities for using the new form for activities within the framework of women’s health education.

Aim. The work aims to review mobile applications that can be used in women’s health education in obstetrics and gynecology, and to determine their range of functions facilitating independent control of women’s health.

Material and method. The research of mobile applications was limited to the ones available for Android and iOS (iPhone). The source of all information are the websites of the software producers. The criteria for including the application in the analysis were: availability on the website and usefulness in obstetric-gynecological care of women. As many as 27 applications with the highest number of downloads became the subject matter of the analysis.

Results. Due to the substantive scope of women’s health education, mobile applications were classified into three groups: 1) helpful in controlling the menstrual cycle, 2) helpful in monitoring pregnancy, 3) used in the prevention of diseases in gynecological-obstetric care. Out of all the applications available, 10 were classified to the first and second group each, and 7 to the third one.

Conclusions. Mobile health applications are a promising strategy for health education as a tool for monitoring, improving self-control, and raising awareness in the care of women.

REFERENCES 1. Hoffmann T, Warrall L. Designing effective written health education materials: considerations for health professionals. Disabil Rehabil 2004;26(9):1166-73. 2. Atreja A, Bellam N, Levy SR. Strategies to enhance patient adherence: making it simple. Med Gen Med 2005;7(1):4. 3. Bernier MJ, Yasko J. Designing and evaluating printed education materials: model and instrument development. Patient Educ Couns 1991;18(3):253-63. 4. Wizowski L, Harper T, Hutchings T. Writing health information for patients and families: a guide to creating patient education

.) (2004) Global Environmental Issues. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Chichester. Havas, P., Széplaki, N. & Varga, A. (2004) The practice of environmental education in Hungary. New Pedagogical Survey , 1, 12-25. Havas, P. (2001) Elements of sustainability pedagogy. New Pedagogical Survey , 9, 3-15. Lakatos, G. (2002) System evaluation in the education of sustainable development in Hungary. Journal of Teacher Education and Training , 1, 20-27. Meleg, C. (2002) Health education in school: Rephrasing an exercise. Hungarian Pedagogy , 102(1), 11-29. Miles, G. & Eid, S. (1997


Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of oral health education and non-surgical periodontal therapy on the quality of life for a group of patients with type I diabetes mellitus, in Iasi, Romania.

Materials and Method: The study was conducted on 21 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus which also presented a form of periodontitis. We examined: the degree of glycaemic control (by measuring the glycated haemoglobin), the periodontal and oral hygiene parameters at the baseline and after 4 weeks, 6 months and 12 months after the periodontal treatment which consisted in scaling and root planing. The patients also filled an OHIP-14 questionnaire at baseline and 6 month after the periodontal therapy to assess the quality of life.

Results and Discussion: We observed a rapid recurrence of the deep periodontal pockets after 12 months in subjects with poor glycaemic control. At baseline, the highest scores for the OHIP-14 were in the sub-domains of pain, discomfort on chewing and self-consciousness.

Conclusions: The prolonged poor control of glycaemia is closely related with its complications. The periodontal therapy improved (lower values) the domain codes and final score of the OHIP-14 questionnaire, proving that periodontal health has an impact on the diabetic patients’ quality of life.

työterveyshuollossa [Health Education in Occupational Health Services; in Finnish]. [Master's thesis]. Jyväskylä: Faculty of Sport and Health Science, University of Jyväskylä; 2000. Palmgren H, Jalonen P, Kaleva S, Leino T, Romppanen V. Tietojen antaminen, neuvonta ja ohjaus (TANO) työterveyshuollossa - tapaustutkimus TANO-toiminnasta nuorten terveyden edistämiseksi [Informing, counselling and advising (ICA) in Occupational Health Services - a case study of ICA practices in promoting the health of young employees; in Finnish]. Työ ja ihminen Tutkimusraportti 33. Helsinki: Ministry

REFERENCES Adams, J. & White, M. (2005). Why don’t stage-based activity promotion interventions work? Health Education Research, 20, 237-243. Australia (1988). Health Targets and Implementation Committee. Health for all Australians. Canberra: Australian Government Printing Service. Bech, P., Staehr-Johansen, K. & Gudex, C. (1996). WHO (Ten) Well-Being Index: Validation in diabetes. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics Journal, 65, 183-190. Beck, A.T., Weissman, A., Lester, D., Trexler, L. (1974). The measurement of pessimism: The Hopelessness Scal. Journal of