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Effect of Behavioural Interventions for Obesity Prevention in Pregnancy on the Adequacy of Gestational Weight Gain and Retention: Metabolic Health of Indian Women

References 1. Institute of Medicine and National Research Council Committee to Reexamine IOM Pregnancy Weight Guidelines. Composition and components of gestational weight gain: physiology and metabolism. In: Rasmussen KM, Yaktine AL, eds. In: Washington, DC: National Academies Press 2009; 71-110. 2. Institute of Medicine (US) and National Research Council (US) Committee to Reexamine IOM Pregnancy Weight Guidelines; Rasmussen KM, Yaktine AL, editors. Weight Gain during Pregnancy: Re-examining the Guidelines. Washington, DC

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Determinants of gestational weight gain with special respect to maternal stature height and its consequences for newborn vital parameters

References Abeysena C, Jayawardana P. 2010. Maternal and social determinants of excessive weight gain during pregnancy: A cohort study. Int J Coll Res Internal Med & Public Health 2:348-59. Adegboye ARA, Rossner S, Neovius M, Lourenco PMC, Linne Y. 2010. Relationship between prenatal smoking cessation, gestational weight gain and maternal life style characteristics. Women Birth 23:29-35. Aliyu MH, Luke S, Wilson RE, Saidu R, Alio AP, Salihu HM, Belogolovkin V. 2010.Obesity in older mothers, gestational

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Prevalence and risk factors for inappropriate birth weight for gestational age

, such as short stature, prepregnancy underweight, poor gestational weight gain, prior history of SGA, smoking, and cardiovascular-associated diseases [6-11]. By contrast, maternal diabetes, obesity, multipara, excessive gestational weight gain, and post-term pregnancy were associated with LGA [ 3 , 6 , 9 , 11 - 13 ]. However, there are only limited studies regarding this issue in Thailand. We aimed to determine the prevalence of inappropriate birth weight for gestational age among women with uncomplicated pregnancies who gave birth to a live born infant at term

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The outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth in adolescents in Slovenia

explanatory factor. In multivariate analyses, gestational age was the confounding factor. All dichotomous variables were coded accordingly (e.g. hypertension: 0=no, 1=yes). Variables on body weight gain during pregnancy (i.e. gestational weight gain) in relation to body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy were used according to the Institute of Medicine guidelines (US) ( 17 ). The data were analysed by SPSS programme. Descriptive analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA), x 2 test, correlation and multivariate analyses (multiple linear and multiple logistic regression) were

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Exercise in Pregnancy: Effect on Obesity Parameters in Indian Women – A Randomized Controlled Trial

-INDIAB study (Phase-1) [ICMR-INDIAB-5]. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 11: 26, 2014. 10. Anjana RM, Sudha V, Lakshmipriya N et al. Physical activity patterns and gestational diabetes outcomes – The wings project. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 116: 253-262, 2016. 11. Banjare JB, Bhalerao S. Obesity associated non communicable disease burden. Int J Health Allied Sci 5: 81-87, 2016. 12. Kraschnewski JL, Chuang CH, Downs DS et al. Association of Prenatal Physical Activity and Gestational Weight Gain: Results from the First Baby Study. Womens Health Issues 23

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The impact of maternal age on foetal growth patterns and newborn size


The association patterns between maternal age and foetal growth parameters as well as newborn size were analysed using a dataset of 4737 singleton term births taking place at the Viennese Danube hospital. Foetal growth patterns were reconstructed by the results of three ultrasound examinations carried out at the 11th/12th, 20th/21th and 32th/33thweek of gestation. In detail, crown-rump length, biparietal diameter, fronto-occipital diameter, head circumference, abdominal transverse diameter, abdominal anterior-posterior diameter, abdominal circumference, and femur length were determined. Birth weight, birth length and head circumference were measured immediately after birth. Young teenage mothers (≤15 years), older adolescent mothers (16-19 years), mothers of optimal age range (20-35 years) and mothers of advanced age (>35 years) differed significantly in body height, pre-pregnancy weight status and gestational weight gain. Surprisingly, the foetuses of young adolescent mothers were the largest ones during first trimester. During the second and third trimester however, the foetuses of mothers of optimal age range (20-35 years) and mothers older than 35 years showed larger biometric dimensions than adolescent mothers. According to multiple regression analyses, maternal age was significantly related to Foetal head size (ß =-0.04; 95% CI = -0,08 - 0.01; p=0.034) and abdominal dimensions (ß= 0.03; 95% CI = 0.01-0.05; p=0,011) during the second trimester and to birthweight (ß= -0.03; 95% CI= -4.40 - 0.04; p=0.050). The associations however, are quite weak and the statistical significance is maybe due to the large sample size. At the time of birth, offspring of mothers of optimal age range (20 to 35 years) is significantly larger than that of adolescent mothers and mothers of advanced age. Mothers of advanced age showed the significantly highest (p=<0.0001) prevalence (5.6%) of SGA newborns (<2500g). The small size of newborn among young adolescent mothers may be due to a competition over nutrients between the still growing mothers and the foetuses during the third trimester, while placental ageing may be responsible for smaller size of offspring among mothers of advanced age.

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Mureş County Women’s Behaviour Associated with Pregnancy Risk Factors

. 2017;14(1):120. 4. Wilson RD, Genetics Committee, Wilson RD, Audibert F, Brock JA, Carroll J et al. Pre-conception Folic Acid and Multivitamin Supplementation for the Primary and Secondary Prevention of Neural Tube Defects and Other Folic Acid-Sensitive Congenital Anomalies, J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2015;37(6):534-52. 5. Meštrović Z, Roje D, Vulić M, Zec M Calculation of optimal gestation weight gain in pre-pregnancy underweight women due to body mass index change in relation to mother’s height. Arch Gynecol Obstet.2017;295(1):81-86 6. Lawrence RL

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Macrosomia. A Systematic Review of Recent Literature

and maternal risk of future diabetes, Diabetes Res Clin 114: 99-105, 2016 11. Ogonowski J, Miazqowski T. Intergenerational transmission of macrosomia in women with gestational diabetes and normal glucose tolerance. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 195: 113-6, 2015 12. Yang S, Xiong C, Yang R et al. Parental Body Mass Index, Gestational Weight Gain, and Risk of Macrosomia: A population based case-control study in China. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 29(5): 462-71, 2015 13. Eichenwald EC, Hansen AR, Martin CR, Stark AR

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Observational Case-Control Study on The Risk Factors of Fetal Macrosomia and Fetal-Maternal Associated Pathology

cohort study. Midwifery 30(12): 1202-9, 2014 11. Yang S, Xiong C, Yang R et al. Parental Body Mass Index, Gestational Weight Gain, and Risk of Macrosomia: a population-based case-control study in China. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 29(5): 462-71, 2015 12. Eichenwald EC, Hansen AR, Martin CR, Stark AR. Cloherty and Starks Manual of Neonatal Care , 8-th edition: pp: 1-14; 64-93, 2016 13. Kulkarni SR, Kumaran K, Rao SR et al. Maternal lipids are as important as glucose for fetal growth: findings from the Pune Maternal Nutrition Study. Diabetes

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Home Based Exercise Intervention in Pregnant Indian Women: Effects on Weight and Obesity Markers

. 31. Pawalia A, Kulandaivelan S, Savant S, Yadav VS. Exercise in pregnancy: Effect on obesity parameters in Indian women - a randomized controlled trial. Rom J Diabetes Nutr Metab Dis 24(4): 315-323, 2017. 32. Nobles C, Marcus BH, Stanek EJ et al. The Effect of an Exercise Intervention on Gestational Weight Gain: The Behaviors Affecting Baby and You (B.A.B.Y.) Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Health Promot 32(3): 736-744, 2018. 33. Phelan S, Jankovitz K, Hagobian T, Abrams B. Reducing excessive gestational weight gain

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