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economic development. Science and Public Policy , 45 (2), 286–287. G20 (2020). G20 2020 Saudi Arabia [Accessed 20.02.2020]. Available from Internet: Greenwood, D. T., & Holt, R. P. F. (2014). Local Economic Development in the 21st Century: Quality of Life and Sustainability: Quality of Life and Sustainability . Taylor & Francis. Hansun, S. (2013). A new approach of moving average method in time series analysis . 2013 International Conference on New Media Studies, CoNMedia 2013

1 Introduction In recent years, legislation on controlled foreign companies (CFC legislation) has gained renewed attention from policy makers, academics, and practitioners around the world, as this kind of legislation can play an important role when addressing the much-debated issues related to aggressive tax planning by multinational enterprises. Accordingly, in their recent efforts to address base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS), both the OECD/G20 and the European Commission have acknowledged the importance of introducing CFC legislation, or tightening CFC


This study aims to examine the potential causal relationship between the VIX and the indicator stock exchange index returns of G20 (9 developed and 10 developing) countries. Nineteen countries of the sample are G20 countries with available data. In this respect, the frequency domain Granger causality test of Breitung and Candelon (2006) is employed for the daily data between March 2011 and December 2017. The results obtained from the study indicate that there is no causal relationship between the VIX and the returns of the NASDAQ 100 index in developed countries. Similarly, no causal relationship is detected which runs from the VIX to the BIST100, BOVESPA, MERVAL, S&P/BMV IPC and TADAWUL stock index returns in developing countries. As a result, the causal relationship is more tend to be found in developed countries in comparison to developing countries.


The subject of the study is the phenomenon of household financialization. In the first part of the article a sense of this situation and its influence on the different functioning areas of the households (income, expenses, financial decisions) is described. What is more, the positive and negative effects of this process for the households’ financial stability were defined. The next part of the article contains an analysis of the households financialization processes in Poland in the years 2005-2015. On the side of household savings, the analysis included the level and the structure of financial assets. The second area of evaluation of the household financialization processes was bank debt analysis, including mortgage debt. In the elaboration comparative analysis was used, which means that Polish household structure of financial assets and the level of debt were compared to the European Union countries.


Public access to the services of financial institutions determines the revenues amount of financial institutions. The growth of bank account helps banks to manage the financing service that provides for the community. This study examines the relationship of financial inclusion and financial stability, especially in Indonesia’s Sharia banking. Financial inclusion defined as community access to financial services which peroxided by deposits, while the financial stability of Sharia banking is measured by Non Performing Financial (NPF). Samples include financial data of 5 sharia banks during the study period from 2011 to 2016 were analyzed using classical assumption test and regression test. The results of study found that the deposits as proxy of financial inclusion had a positive effect to stability of financial.


In the paper, we examine the impact of ownership structure on dividend policy and shareholder value in non-financial companies from construction sector in Poland. More specifically, by distinguishing between financial and non-financial shareholders, we verify the involvement of financial institutions in company ownership and how it translates into changes in major dividend and shareholder value indicators. Our results show that the presence of financial investors in the ownership structure has a positive impact on probability that the company will pay out dividends, what is symptomatic for financialisation. However, there is not enough evidence to support similar conclusion regarding shareholder value creation.


Gambling activity is a multifaceted phenomenon. Gambling is a special field of business. The government authorities ascribe the right to a monopoly of this area of economic activity. The randomness and financial size of gambling foster the development of the grey market. In addition to the economic effect, the moral dimension of this type of activity is an extremely important aspect. The Customs and Tax Control Service supervises the functioning of the gambling market in Poland.

Subject and purpose of work: The article is devoted to the issue of gambling. The aim of the research was to present the activities of the Customs and Tax Control Service in the field of legal and illegal gambling.

Materials and methods: The study methods used were literature review, legal acts, documents of the Ministry of Finance, statistic data, using quantitive and systems analysis.

Results: As a result, the directions of the Customs and Tax Control Service activities were identified in the field of gambling market control.

Conclusions: The activities of Customs and Tax Control Service bring results in fighting illegal gambling, protecting players, and raising social awareness of the dangers of using services of illegal gaming operators.


Section K of the services sector includes entities conducting financial and insurance activities and, among others, banks. Fluctuations in the whole economy and its individual sectors’ situation are interrelated; hence, one may also expect similarities of cyclical fluctuations in the banking sector and in the entire financial sector. The analyses in the article concern the connections between the cyclical fluctuations on the banking services market and in the entire K section of the services sector, grouping entities conducting financial and insurance activities in Poland. The analyses proved that changes in the economic situation appear earlier in the banking sector than in section K of the services sector. The time range of analyses covered the period from the first quarter of 2003 to the first quarter of 2018. Conclusions on relationships were formulated on the basis of cross-correlation analysis and the analysis of the turning points in the time series of variables describing the cyclical fluctuations in the banking market and in the K section of the services sector.


The main purpose of the submitted article is the estimation of financial investors’ potential in Poland. There are four groups of collective investors on financial market in Poland like Banks, Insurance companies, Investment funds and Open Pension Funds, which have been analyzed. Their importance on financial market and especially on capital market in Poland is still rising. The dynamics of their assets value in 2009 – 2013 periods has been analyzed. Financial investors’ assets and Gross National Product in Poland ratio has been calculated. The influence of the financial crisis and post-crisis time on the investment portfolios structure has been also reviewed.


The aim of this paper is to analyse the effect of the mobile phone penetration rate on inequality in Western Balkan countries and to provide empirical evidence. We explore the question of whether cell phone diffusion helps to decrease inequality and whether it has a positive income equality effect. In the developed conceptual framework, we consider that people with access to mobile telephony also have access to Wi-Fi and GPS and that individuals can perform different activities, such as engaging in e-commerce, e-governance, health, and education; paying bills; saving money; and transferring money to other persons. This represents a good foundation for poor persons exit the cycle of deprivation and leads to the development of equal opportunities. We analyse the impact of mobile phone penetration on inequality in Western Balkan countries by using ordinary least squares and two-stage least squares models (Asongu, 2015). Our results confirm the income-redistributive effect of mobile phone penetration.