the modeling of layered plates and shells . - Compos. Struct., vol.82, pp.541-554. Chakrabarti A. and Sheikh A.H. (2004): A new triangular element to model inter-laminar shear stress continuous plate theory . - Int. J. Num. Meth. Eng., vol.60, pp.1237-1257. Chakrabarti A., Chalak H.D., Iqbal A. and Sheikh A.H. (2011): A new FEmodel based on higher order zigzag theory for the analysis of laminated sandwich beam with soft core . - Composite Structures, vol.93, pp.271-279. Di Sciuva M. (1984): A refined transverse shear deformation theory for multilayered
The bearing capacity of RC overhangs under concentrated loads can be dependent on the width of the slab. The goal of this paper is to investigate the effect of different widths using tests from the literature and non-linear FE-simulations as a reference. Shear force redistributions along the loading process and the shear concrete capacity are analysed. The shear effective width and the influence of an edge beam are also addressed. The results show that the bearing capacity of RC overhangs increase with the width until a transition area is reached and the increase flattens. An increased shear distribution sideways and posterior redistributions under the loading process are enabled. The shear capacity of concrete increases with the width and for loads close to the root an arch effect is observed. The edge beam contributes to a further increase of the ultimate capacity for wide enough overhangs. The effect of the width and the edge beam is not only quantitative but also qualitative since the failure mode and the critical section are influenced. Existing formulation for shear effective widths should be revisited. Experimental tests used for this purpose should consider wide enough specimens to capture the real behaviour of a bridge overhang slab.
, Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 45, 1047-1059. 13. Yevtushenko A.A., Grzes P. (2010), The FEM-modeling of the frictional heating phenomenon in the pad/disc tribosystem (a review). Numerical Heat Transfer Part A-Applications, Vol. 58, 207-226. 14. Yevtushenko A.A., Grzes P. (2014) Mutual influence of the velocity and temperature in the axisymmetric FEmodel of a disc brake, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 57, 341-346.
carried out through state of the art procedures, taking into
account form effect of the cross section. For this reason, different FEmodels have been set up
to study different aspects of the behavior, with increasing degrees of approximation. For
example, “beam” elements have been utilised to investigate global effects both in the linear
and non linear range, while more accuate 2D and 3D elements have been used for refined
cases such as stress checks and local buckling analyses.
The present paper goes into detail in particular for what concerns some of the most
This paper studies the free vibration characteristics of rectangular plates with partially clamped edges around the corners using the finite element method. ANSYS Parametric Design Language (APDL) was utilized to produce the finite element (FE) models and to run the analysis. The FE models were used to obtain the plate first natural frequency and mode shape. A comprehensive investigation of the effect of the plate geometric parameters and different boundary condition properties on the natural frequency and mode shapes is presented. The results showed that the vibration characteristics of the structure are greatly dependent on the plate size and the constraint properties.
The main traditional technique for commercial manufacturing of composite pipes is filament winding in which the winding angle and the discontinuity of the structure (caused by starting and ending points of the winding process) are two important matters of concern. In the present study, circular woven fabric with its orthogonal net-shaped continuous structure was produced from polyester yarns. Fabric was wet with epoxy and hand lay-up was used to manufacture the composite pipes. Composite pipes were subjected to internal hydrostatic pressure and their burst strength was recorded. In addition, tensile strength of flat laminas was assessed in the warp and weft directions. We estimated and analysed the failure strength of composite pipes using Tresca’s failure criterion and Finite Element (FE) modeling. The experimental burst strength was almost 23% more than the FE model and 77% more than the theoretical estimate.
In the flexible road pavement design a mechanistic model of a multilayered half-space with linear elastic or viscoelastic layers is usually used for the pavement analysis.
This paper describes a domain selection for the purpose of a FE model creating of the linear elastic layered half-space and boundary conditions on borders of that domain. This FE model should guarantee that the key components of displacements, stresses and strains obtained using ABAQUS program would be in particular identical with those ones obtained by analytical method using VEROAD program.
It to achieve matching results with both methods is relatively easy for stresses and strains. However, for displacements, using FEM to obtain correct results is (understandably) highly problematic due to infinity of half-space. This paper proposes an original method of overcoming these difficulties.
Structural health monitoring (SHM) can provide information needed to make important decisions regarding the maintenance of bridge structures. However, the data collected from monitoring needs to be first translated into actionable, quantitative or qualitative based characteristics, that indicate the condition of a bridge. This paper presents a process of evaluation of such performance indicator in case of a steel railway bridge using the updated FE model and in-situ measurements of strains on selected stringers and floorbeams.
Static, vibration and buckling behavior of laminated composite and sandwich skew plates is studied using an efficient C0 FE model developed based on refined higher order zigzag theory. The C0 FE model satisfies the interlaminar shear stress continuity at the interfaces and zero transverse shear stress conditions at plate top and bottom. In this model, the first derivatives of transverse displacement have been treated as independent variables to overcome the problem of C1 continuity associated with the plate theory. The C0 continuity of the present element is compensated in the stiffness matrix formulation by adding a suitable term. In order to avoid stress oscillations observed in the displacement based finite element, the stress field derived from temperature is made consistent with the total strain field by using field consistent approach. Numerical results are presented for different static, vibration and buckling problems by applying the FE model under thermo mechanical loading, where a nine noded C0 continuous isoparametric element is used. It is observed that there are very few results available in the literature on laminated composite and sandwich skew plates based on refined theories. As such many new results are also generated for future reference
In the paper the dynamic response of thin-walled, spot-welded prismatic frusta subjected to axial impact load is investigated. The parametric study into the influence of several parameters on the energy absorption capability, expressed by some crashworthiness indicators is performed, using Finite Element simulations. FE model is validated by experimental results of quasi-static and dynamic (impact) tests. Results of initial study concerning influence of spot welds are presented. Some conclusions are derived from the parametric study into the influence of frustum angle and wall thickness upon the energy absorption capability.