state of the other,” Steven M. Rinaldi, James P. Peerenboom, Terrence K. Kelly, Identifying, Understanding and Analyzing Critical Infrastructure Interdependencies . IEEE Control Systems Magazine, December 2001, p. 14  Working document of the Commission on the Review of the EuropeanProgram for Critical Infrastructure Protection, (EPCIP), SWD (2012) 190 final  In the context of operationalizing and the functioning of the Single European Sky, EUROCONTROL Agency has been appointed as the Network Manager for The European Union of Air Traffic Management (ATM
Media and intercultural education are being increasingly recognised as a fundamental competence for teachers of the 21st century. Digital literacy and civic competence are facing several new challenges in response to the intensification of migratory phenomena and the unprecedented spread of fake news, especially among adolescents at risk of social exclusion, but teachers’ professional development is still far from coping with this emerging need. Intercultural understanding and a critical use of media among adolescents have now become primary goals for the promotion of active citizenship. This article intends to provide some recommendations on how to support teachers’ professional development in the field of media and intercultural education. To this purpose, it presents and discusses the results of an action-research project aimed at teachers’ improvement of teaching skills about the media in multicultural public schools. The results are part of a larger European project “Media Education for Equity and Tolerance” (MEET) (Erasmus Plus, KA3), an initiative promoted in 2016–2018 by the University of Florence (Italy).
Media and digital literacy are being increasingly recognized as a fundamental competence for teachers of 21st century, but teachers’ professional development is still far from coping with this emerging need. This paper aims at providing some recommendations for integrating media literacy into in-service teacher training programs. To this purpose, it will present the results of the experimentation carried out in three European training institutions within the framework of the European project e-MEL (e-Media Education Lab, 2014–17). The overall training process was monitored and evaluated ex-ante, ongoing and ex-post. This paper illustrates and discusses the main findings of the experimentation focusing on strengths and challenges for implementing a teacher training program on digital and media literacy. It concludes with some recommendations and more general reflections on future research directions.
References A7-0011/2013. First report on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and the Council on establishing the Creative Europeprogramme . Brussels: European Parliament. Ahearne, J., 2009. Cultural policy explicit and implicit: a distinction and some uses. International Journal of Cultural Policy 15(2): 141-153. Anderson, B., 1991. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism . London and New York: Verso. Bell, D. and Oakley, K., 2015. Cultural Policy . London: Routledge. Bulletin of the European
Parliamentary administrators have to cope with a complex and ever-changing procedural framework, as well as with conflicting demands from the policy side. Nevertheless, their role in inter-parliamentary cooperation is rather under-researched. This article focuses on the actors of Administrative Parliamentary Networks and introduces two entirely new entities: European Programmes; and networks of Parliamentary Budget Offices, which seem to have escaped scholar’s attention. Administrative duties and roles are discussed in the context of inter-parliamentary cooperation and a new role is attributed to parliamentary administrators, that of the researcher. Existing findings from previous studies are put under a new light and analysed with the support of empirical data.
In the up-to-date complicated political situation it’s imperative to monitor the status of the radiation background not only in Bulgaria, but also in Europe and worldwide. Since 1992 in Bulgaria operates an automated system for permanent control of the radiation gamma background (NASPCRGB). The system has been modernized by means of a European program during its last operation period and is connected with EURDEP - the European System for Exchange of Radiological Data of the European Commission. The operation of the System and its management are assigned to the Executive Environment Agency of the Ministry of Environment and Water Resources. In the present article we have shown the structure of the National Automated System for permanent control of the radiation gamma background (NASPCRGB) and its functions.
The paper stresses the importance of trainings in the scope of Health and Safety, in this H&S management in the functioning H&S systems of contemporary enterprises. The author also presents the principles of training, including H&S training, considering: demonstrativeness, accessibility, awareness of social responsibility, regularity, knowledge durability and binary relations between theory and practice.
The underlying objective of the paper is to present training methods in the scope of Health and Safety. These methods have been aggregated in two groups: explanatory methods and activating methods. Referring to the research conducted within the European programme Leonardo da Vinci „H&S management system in enterprise – introductory module” the author has summarised the criteria for selecting teaching methods with regard to: goals and content of training process, diversification of participants in training groups in the scope of H&S, skills of the trainer and organisational conditions. Moreover, training methods in the scope of H&S have been aggregated, being highly adjusted and reflecting actual professional activities – carried out activities and potential threats that occur at the work post, in the enterprises of training participants. These methods have been characterised considering the following aspects: learning goals, educational resources, organisational conditions and examples of pursued contents.
Aim of this paper is to evaluate solutions for European crisis in context of Slovak participation in rescue mechanisms. The most evident element is the European stability mechanism. There is no problem with estimation of the potential losses caused by the eurozone break-up for the Slovak Republic regarding ESM. But there are other mechanisms used mainly by the ECB as monetary instruments for stabilization of the financial markets. ECB via these instruments bears potential risk of losses regarding default of the member state(s) that could damage its balance sheet. The Protocol on the statute of the European system of central banks and ECB says that losses from the common mechanisms should be borne by eurozone member states according to their share in the ECB´s capital. It is inevitable for the Slovak Republic to realize the size of its exposure via European programmes on the peripheral economies to maintain appropriate attitude as far as the eurozone issues are concerned. The author therefore tries to reveal potential hidden losses for Slovakia as a member of the European monetary union that are not explicitly seen.
EuropeanProgram for Critical Infrastructure Protection Working document of the European Commission concerning a new approach to the EuropeanProgram for Critical Infrastructure Protection The Emergency Ordinance of the Romanian Government No. 98, of 3 November 2010, on the identification, designation and protection of critical infrastructures Law No. 18, of 11 March, 2011, for the approval of Government Emergency Ordinance No. 98/2010 related to the identification, designation and protection of critical infrastructure The Romanian Government decision No. 1,110, of 3
: Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Ramordnung.  Implementing Authority for EuropeanProgrammes, http://www.wwpe.gov.pl (access at 10.12.2012).  Krätke, S. (1999). Regional Integration or Fragmentation? The German-Polish Border Region in a New Europe. Regional Studies 33(7), 631-641. Doi: 10.1080/00343409950078675.  Krätke, S. (2002). The Regional Impact of EU Eastern Enlargement: A View from Germany. European Planning Studies 10(5), 651-664. Doi: 10.1080/09654310220145378.  Michniak, D. (2010). Accessibility of selected boundary regions in Slovakia. EUROPA XXI