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Abstract

The article discusses the use of financial resources from European funds for tourism development in coastal communes on the Baltic Coast in Poland. A detailed analysis of the use of EU funds has been carried out, with particular emphasis on those priorities which are related to the improvement of the tourism attractiveness of coastal communes and to their tourism development. The analyses have been made on the basis of data from the Ministry of Regional Development concerning the allocation of European funds in 2007-13.

Abstract

The article contains an analysis of the state of absorption of European funds in Romania with a focus on the Central Region. The article highlights the role of project management as a method of attracting European funds. The importance of good management of the European funds is of particular importance for the increase of the welfare at national level by implementing a series of changes really necessary and important for the progress of the community. The purpose of the analyzes performed regarding the access and absorption stage of the funds, regarding the problems encountered, is to serve as support in the planning of the following financing periods. The practice of efficient project management opens the door to new projects, whose immediate effect is the increase of the absorption of European funds, followed by a recovery of the Romanian economy and the increase of the prestige of our country among the member countries of the European Union. But, before discussing prestige, recognition, reputation, the emphasis must be placed on ensuring a viable economic growth, which is really reflected in the living conditions of the population.

Abstract

Common Agricultural Policy represents the main instrument of the European Union for the development of agriculture and rural areas. European funds are vital for the productivity and competitiveness of agricultural holdings, as well as for the transfer of agricultural knowledge and innovation. Supporting small and young farms is essential for the vitality of rural areas and for the renewal of generations of farmers. The aim of this work is to transfer agricultural knowledge in order to improve the productivity of agricultural holdings, especially among young farmers and small farms. We implemented training program through European funds related to Measure 1. “Actions for knowledge transfer and information actions” from Rural Development Programme of Romania. The characteristic of 100 participants and their responses were analyzed. Most of the participants were young people up to 40 years old (59%). The vast majority of the participants were from the rural area and only 17% were from the urban area. 53% from participants were strongly agree with the fact that level of knowlegde influence farm productivity. Actions for knowledge transfer improve the adaptation of farmers to the new challenges of agriculture, as well as productivity.

Abstract

European Funds are considered to be o reliable solution for emerging economies from Eastern Europe. These funds are granted by European Union to reduce the gap between countries and to ensure a harmonized development at the level of this group of countries that decided to act together as a united economic entity. In fact, European Funds are previously obtained from taxes applied to all European citizens and redistributed by European Institutions in accordance with predefined principles and rules. The redistributive effect is always present in such situation and has clear impact on economies that are net paying for these funds and on economies that are net benefiting from them. This paper presents the results of a quantitative analysis at the level of ten Eastern European Countries (EEC countries) on the social and economic impact of these funds based on panel regression methodology.

Abstract

Accessing European funds is very controversial at this moment because of its enormous benefits for the country development. A very important aspect regarding the image of a country is represented by the tourism, and European funds offer an opportunity for raising the potential of a country by coordinating the tourism activities. Tourism planning also has a big impact its advantages being very resourceful due to a responsible funds allocation. In this paper, we have been analyzing a few European funded project – POSDRU 2007-2013 for the development regions. The future direction in developing projects in the field of tourism is to follow very carefully the objectives of the implemented projects and to plan all the activities in a balanced manner. The paper also shows how online communication can contribute to facilitate the access of the European funds and a better implementation and develop of the projects.

y2011 i3p153-163.html, (2011). 5. Ranf, Diana, Todări.a, Elida, Dumitra.cu, Dănu., Case Study on the State of Projects Accessed by Public Institutions in Centre Region , Conference Proceedings – ”The persistence of the global economic crisis: causes, implications, solutions, IECS 2012, “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, pp. 423 – 430, (2012). 6. Ranf, Diana, Dumitra.cu, Dănu., Study on the Problems in the Stages of Filling Out the Application Form and Technical-Financial Reporting Encountered by the Public Institutions in the Centre Region in Accessing European

Abstract

The "health" state of the economy which will receive European funding is a key element in the efficiency with which these funds can be used, the effects that the injection of foreign capital entails are being significant at the macroeconomic level, since a Member state of the European Union eligible to receive finance capital can absorb a flow of up to 4% of GDP. The manner of the allocation of these funds is also a key component of efficient use of European funds allocated under the multiannual financial programming period. Annual indicative allocation corresponding to the seven years of a programming period allows to identify specific priorities for investment of these funds and the co-financing obligation incumbent upon the recipient state has the role to lead to a more responsible and appropriate use of these funds. However, the gradual release of these cash flows in the national economy may lead to a delay in the occurrence of short-term positive results for the economy, given that the allocation is made after approval by the European Commission of some strategic documents that the recipient state assumes to follow according to common objectives. Beyond the effort that the recipient state must make to become eligible for European funding, the longterm effects of the injection of capital into the economy are significant and certainly favorable to the economic and social development as a whole. One of the controversial issues on the opportunity of accessing European funding is represented by the financing cost that this entails. The problematic issues that the injection of foreign capital flows have on fiscal policy and their implications on the general consolidated budget of the state are complex and are a subject of debate among researchers in economics.

Abstract

This paper contributes to the research on entrepreneurship in rural areas by focusing on the absorption and investment plans developed with European Funds and implemented in Romania in 2007-2013 for rural development. Entrepreneurship in the European Union is seen as the solution for creating and increasing jobs number, developing new business models, and is related very often with creativity and innovation. Moreover, entrepreneurship is directly linked to the economic performance of regions (Audretsch, D.B., Keilbach, M., 2005), poverty reduction and contributes to the economic advancement of rural communities. The focus on rural areas is given by the fact that almost half of the Romanian population lives in villages or communes (around 45%), and the main income source comes from agriculture. In the same time, there is an important potential for entrepreneurial projects because rural areas are high underdeveloped, there is a lack of services in major fields as education, social services, entertainment etc. Also, we find a high potential in tourism, especially in ecological, adventure or agro-tourism. We develop a theoretical framework to discuss the potential impact of EU Funds on rural development, the access to public funds for rural population, their readiness for business ownership, the most accessible fields for starting a business and regional variables. Our study is based on public data and official reports on the European Funds received by Romania in the budgetary period of 2007-2013 and other market data that round the entrepreneurship frame in rural areas. We analyze the number of start-ups financed by European funds, type and size of enterprises, number of jobs and reasons for contract cancellation. We find that regions with a reach cultural heritage and closer to the Western border have registered more applications and are more interested in self-employment, but also that given the administrative barriers many entrepreneurs decided to cancel the contracts.

Summary

Subject and purpose of work: The aim of the article is to assess the phenomena of sigma convergence of labour productivity in agriculture and other sectors of rural economy in Polish regions during 2003 – 2014 in the context of the amount of European funds designated for agriculture and rural areas. European supprt was compared to the Gross Added Value of agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishery.

Materials and methods: The subject literature and statistical data received from the Agricultural Modernization Agency and the Local Data Bank of the Central Statistical Office were used. The empirical data regarding the level of agriculture in regions as well as the data on the resources utilised from the European Union were examined in order to assess the correlation between them and the phenomenon of regional sigma-convergence.

Results: The study confirms the sigma convergence of the Gross Value Added per units of funding obtained from the European Union Budget and different level of sigma convergence of GVA / PE in regions.

Conclusions: Sigma convergence assessment of the Gross Value Added per person employed in regions shows that in the analyzed period three phases could be distinguished: convergence (2003 – 2008), divergence (2008 – 2010) and stagnation (2010 – 2014).

Abstract

Analysis of the role and implications of the funds coming from the European Union have on the national economy is very complex and complicated at the same time, because of the multitude of issues and indicators that this process shapes and drives, depending on the source of funding, the modality of funding and on the destination for which it has been allocated. Using mathematical models to assess the impact of European funding on the national economy is paramount valuable as it brings important information that can be used by policy makers in decision making sewage inputs and financial resources, in view of adopting optimal economic policy