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Russia’s Containment and Engagement Strategies in the U.S. Foreign Policy during the Presidency of G. W. Bush

Abstract

Traditionally, Containment and Engagement strategies are considered to be the part of the United States foreign policy during the Cold War. However, recent developments in international relations indicated that these strategies are still relevant to the contemporary foreign policy of the U.S., particularly in the U.S.-Russian relations. Contradictory presidency of George W. Bush has raised a question which of the mentioned foreign policy strategies was dominating in the U.S.-Russian relations. On the one hand, U.S. officials had declared that partnership with Russia was being pursued. On the other hand, the administration of G.W. Bush favored the expansion of NATO and did not surrender the initiative of missile defense shield. This paper intends to assess which foreign policy strategy (Containment or Engagement) dominated in U.S.-Russian relations during the presidency of G.W. Bush and to analyse reasons of such domination and the ways these strategies were implemented. The results of the research indicate that G. W. Bush administration implemented different foreign policy towards Russia on the declared and practical foreign policy levels. If on the official U.S. foreign policy level Russia’s engagement strategy dominated, in the U.S. foreign policy practice, particularly influenced by the foreign policy of Russia, and to a lesser extent by the events in the international arena, the dominant foreign policy strategy towards Russia was Russia’s containment strategy.

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Corporate Social Responsibility of Business in the Natural and Urban Areas of the Lublin Province

Gaststattendewerbe, Diplomarbeit, Fachhochshule Munchen. Studiengang Tourismus, Zusammenarbeit mit Herbert Hamele , ECOTRANS, unpublished, Referenced in FEMATOUR. 8. Kiron, D., Kruschwitz, N., Haanaes, K., Streng, V., Velken I. (2012). Sustainability nears a tipping point mit Sloan. Management Review, 53 (2), 52-64. 9. Lim, J.S., Greenwood, C.A. (2017). Communicating corporate social responsibility (CSR): Stakeholder responsiveness and engagement strategy to achieve CSR goals. Public Relations Review, 1 (6), 186-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pubrev.2017

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Gamification as an instrument for organizational behaviour change during the meeting: case study «ROBATIEMPOS»

technology, people, and organizations towards a global society” - LECTURE NOTES IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND ORGANISATION (LNISO), Springer (R) Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior Plenum Press. New York. Deterding, S., Dixon, D., Khaled, R., & Nacke, L. (2011, September). From game design elements to gamefulness: defining gamification. In Proceedings of the 15th international academic MindTrek conference: Envisioning future media environments (pp. 9-15). ACM. Gartner (2012) Gamification: engagement

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CSR and Financial Performance: The Case of Polish Small and Medium Manufacturers

social responsibility on organizational performance in emerging economies: the case of Dubai, Journal of Business Ethics, 89, pp. 371-390. Tang, Z., Eirikur, H., Rotenberg, S. (2012), How Corporate Social Responsibility Engagement Strategy Moderates the CSR - Financial Performance Relationship, Journal of Management Studies, 49, pp.1274-1303. The Economist (2014), The glass‑ceiling index: The best and worst places to be a working women, March 6th. Torgusa, N., O’Donohue, W., Hecker, R. (2012), Capabilities, Proactive CSR

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Influence of segmentation factors on leaflet distribution

direct: concepts et méthodes. Paris: Dunod. Egan, J. (2007). Marketing Comunications. London: Thomson Learning. Engel, J. F., Warshaw, M. R., Kinnear, T. C. (1994). Promotional Strategy: Managing the Marketing Communications Process. Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin. Fanning, M. (2014). Changing Behaviour Driven By Availability Of Special Offers. Checkout 40(10), 63-65. Fill, CH. (2005). Marketing communications: Engagement, Strategies and Practices. Harlow: Prentice-Hall Europe. Fill, CH. (2006). Simply Marketing communications. Harlow: Prentice

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The Role of Voluntary Organisations in Constructing the Common Identity and Mobilising of Polish Community in Southeastern Lithuania

). ‘Ethno-Political Effects of Suburbanization in the Vilnius Urban Region: An Analysis of Voting Behavior’. Journal of Baltic Studies , Vol. 46, No. 2, pp. 217-242. Urban areas population by ethnicity 2011. Census 2011. Official Statistics Portal. Available at: http://osp.stat.gov.lt/en/2011-m.-surasymas [Accessed on: 7 September 2015]. Vu Catherine M. (2008). Nonprofit Ethnic Minority organizations: Service Engagement Strategies. Mack Center on nonprofit management in the Human Services. Berkeley: University of California. Zimmer O. (2003

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The business case for corporate social responsibility: A literature overview and integrative framework

Review , 24 (2): 111–124. Szekely, F. and Strebel, H. (2013). Incremental, radical and game-changing: strategic innovation for sustainability. Corporate Governance , 13 (5): 467–481, https://doi.org/10.1108/CG-06-2013-0084 Tang, Z., Hull, C.E. and Rothenberg, S. (2012). How corporate social responsibility engagement strategy moderates the CSR–financial performance relationship. Journal of Management Studies , 49 (7): 1274–1303, http://10.1111/j.1467-6486.2012.01068.x Theodoulidis, B., Diaz, D., Crotto, F. and Rancati, E. (2017). Exploring

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Local Democracy and the Media
Can hyperlocals fill the gap?

focus on the cultural values of hyperlocals, which generate a sense of belonging and connection to others. In the United Kingdom, a study by Firmstone and Coleman (2014) looked at how hyperlocal sites have enabled citizens to engage in local democracies, due to the changing role of local news media, digital maturity and the engagement strategies of local governments. Interviews reveal that hyperlocal news sites engage the public in a totally different way with the input of professional journalists and news organisations, in terms of specific local areas and issues

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