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Deleterious Emission Abatement through Structured Energy Use Pattern: A North Central Nigeria Perspective

References [1] Abimbola O., Amori A., Omotosho O., Igbode I., Omoyeni D., Ajayi-Banji A. Investigation of Energy use Pattern and Emission Discharge in Nigeria: Case study of south west zone. International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation 2015:5(1):56-65 [2] Yuan B., Ren S., Chen X. The effects of urbanization, consumption ratio and consumption structure on residential indirect CO2 emissions in China. A regional comparative analysis 2015:140:94-106. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.11.047 [3] Lopes R

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Innovation Risk Management in the Rational Energy Use (Part 2)

: current methodical problems. Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences , 1, 28-41. Miegel, M. (2010). Wohlstand ohne Wachstum. Propylen Berlin. Mulder, P. (2005). The Economics of Technology of Diffusion and Energy. EE UK, USA. Ney, R., Michna, J., Ekmanis, Y. & Zeltins, N. (2008). Energy use and related risk management problems in CEE countries. Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences , 1,. 41-51. Ney, R., Michna, J., Ekmanis, Y. & Zeltins, N

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Changes in the Energy Consumption in EU-27 Countries

Changes in the Energy Consumption in EU-27 Countries

The complete decomposition method is applied to changes in energy consumption in the countries of EU-27. This method decomposes the changes in energy use into three different effects: a change in energy consumption due to an increase of economic activity (the activity effect), a change in energy consumption due to a relative increase of significance of a country in the group (the structure effect) and a change in energy consumption due to a change of energy efficiency measured as energy intensity (the intensity effect). The results confirm that there is a difference in development of these effects between the old (EU-15) and the new member countries. The results show that the activity effect is the most significant effect in old member countries (EU-15), and is on average 1.13 times higher than in new member countries. The intensity effect is the main diversifying factor between the two groups and the most significant effect for the new member countries. The intensity effect is almost universally negative in all countries, and compensates for the other effects. Because of the importance of the effect, energy intensity convergence is examined. It is found that even by the "rough" distinction between the new and the old member countries, the convergence in energy intensity in new member countries can be found (in the old member countries there is no energy intensity convergence).

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Energy Use and Related Risk Management Problems in CEE Countries

Energy Use and Related Risk Management Problems in CEE Countries

Nowadays, the efficiency of energy use in the Central and East-European (CEE) countries is insufficient, being much lower than in the "Old Europe". The problem becomes increasingly pressing due to non-stop increasing prices of energy carriers (especially of crude oil). The authors trace the development of research activities in this sphere, classifying the revealed changes in parameters of energy consumption processes in particular time intervals into deterministic, probabilistic, and fuzzy. The paper presents a thorough analysis of decision-making in the energy management at its different levels - normative, strategic, and operative. Particular attention is given to the management under uncertainty conditions - i.e. to the risk management. The most wanted research directions in this area proposed by the energy and environment policy (EEP) Center specially created for CEE countries concern management under risk connected with innovations, international activities, loss of reputation, etc. The authors consider in detail the risk management with insufficient knowledge (non-knowledge) and under chaos. Much consideration is given to the scenario management and the game theory principles as related to the sphere of energy use.

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The Role of Energy in a Real Business Cycle Model with an Endogenous Capital Utilization Rate in a Government Sector: Lessons from Bulgaria (1999–2016)

for the importance of energy in the transmission of technological shocks. Earlier studies, e.g . Kydland and Prescott (1988) , Greenwood, Hercowitz, and Huffman (1988) , and Finn(1995) have incorporated varying capital utilization in real-business-cycle models but without featuring the energy use channel. Still, they make use of the Keynes (1936) notion of ”user cost of capital” but in a neoclassical framework, where the changes in capital utilization affect the marginal efficiency of capital. We make use of that notion in the current paper as well. In turn

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Criteria For Felling Maturity Of Poplar Clones Grown For Energy Use

References HALAJ, J. – BORTEL, J. – GRÉK, J. – MECKO, J. – MIDRIAK, R. – PETRÁŠ, R. –SOBOCKÝ, E. – TUTKA, J. – VALTÝNI, J. 1990. Rubná zrelosť drevín. In Lesnícke štúdie, 48, 117 s. JAMNICKÁ, G. – PETRÁŠOVÁ, V. – PETRÁŠ, R. – MECKO, J. – OSZLÁNYI, J. 2014. Energy production of poplar clones and their energy use efficiency. In Forest (Lesnictví), p. 150–155. PETRÁŠ, R. – MECKO, J. 1995. Models of volume, quality and value production of tree species in the Slovak republic. In Forestry (Lesnictví), 41, p. 194–196. PETRÁŠ, R. – MECKO, J. 1999

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Possibilities of energy recovery from municipal waste

Abstract

The article summarizes possibilities of energy recovery from municipal waste. It describes the history of incineration and energy recovery from municipal waste in Czechoslovakia and then in the Czech Republic. The attention is paid to the three currently operated plants for energy recovery from municipal waste in the Czech Republic (ZEVO Malešice, SAKO Brno and TERMIZO Liberec). The following are the characteristics of the planned plants for energy recovery from municipal waste in the Czech Republic. All these plants operate essentially based on grate boilers with flue gas treatment at the highest technical level. The article also lists other technologies which can be used for energy recovery from municipal waste - these are gasification and pyrolysis units and plasma technology. The conclusion of this contribution is devoted to the current and future situation in the area of energy recovery from municipal waste in the Czech Republic with regard to the applicable legal standards

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Institute of clean technologies for mining and utilization of raw materials for energy use – a new potential of research in Ostrava

Abstract

A year ago, in Ostrava, one of the major RDI (Research and Development for Innovation) projects was initiated in the Moravian-Silesian Region, called the Institute of Clean Technologies for Mining and Utilization of Raw Materials for Energy Use. During the first year, many of the top and often unique research laboratories and workplaces were built with a budget of over CZK200m, such as “Workplace of Electron Microprobe”, „Workplace of Tomographic Methods“, “Workplace of Hydrochemistry and Hydrobiology”, “Workplace of Thermal, Hydraulic and Mechanical (THM) Processes in Rocks”, “Workplace of Water Jet”, “Isotope and GCTOF Laboratory” and many others. This laid the basis for various research programmes with truly extraordinary extent and impact not only on the Czech industry but also economy of other EU member states.

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Assessment of Energy Use and Elimination of Co2 Emissions in the Life Cycle of an Offshore Wind Power Plant Farm

Abstract

Power stations in marine locations cause multi-faceted impact on the environment, man and the economy. There are not many studies devoted to modeling energy benefits for CO2 emissions. The paper presents the issues of assessing the efficiency of offshore wind farms, defined as the ratio of benefits to life cycle inputs. The scientific goal was to develop a mathematical model for efficiency in the design, manufacture, use and management of offshore wind power. The papers practical purpose is the experimental designation of the impact of selected post-use management methods, time of use and maritime location, i.e. average annual productivity of wind power plants on the efficiency of energy benefits from greenhouse gas emissions. The mathematical model of the integrated cost-benefit ratio has been developed for energy use assessment, taking into account the benefits generated by electricity production and the life-cycle CO2 emissions based on the LCA analysis using the CML method. Mathematical model validation was performed by determining the value of the indicator for an existing 2 MW offshore wind farm and comparatively for fossil fuel production: lignite, stone, fuel oil and natural gas. Analytical and research work carried out showed that the higher the efficiency index, the higher the value of the indicator. It has been shown that the location of the power station at sea produces more favorable CO2 elimination rates, due to higher productivity compared to in-land wind power plants. A more favorable form of post-consumer management for CO2 has been determined as recycling. It was found that for electricity generated from offshore wind farms, the value of the energy efficiency benefit from CO2 emissions is higher than for fossil fuel energy production.

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The Energy Use Of Granulate And Pyrolysis Oil From Discarded Car Tires As A Method To Increase Ecological And Energy Safety

. Zbiór zadań z termodynamiki . Wydawnictwa Uczelniane ATR, Bydgoszcz. Tomporowski, A., Flizikowski, J., Kasner, R., Kruszelnicka, W., 2017. Environmental control of wind power technology . Rocznik Ochrona Srodowiska, 19, 694-714. Tomporowski, A., Flizikowski, J., Kruszelnicka, W., 2017. A new concept of roller-plate mills . Przemysl Chemiczny, 96(8), 1750-1755, https://doi.org/10.15199/62.2017.8.29. Tomporowski, A., Flizikowski, J., Opielak, M., Kasner, R., Kruszelnicka, W., 2017. Assessment of Energy use and elimination of CO 2 emissions in the

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