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opisthorchiasis is highly endemic. Knowing the important risk factors for O. viverrini infection in this particular area may contribute to improve control and prevention of opisthorchiasis. Methods After approval of the study protocol by the Mahasarakham University Ethics Committee for Human Research (reference number 0091/2556), we conducted a cross-sectional survey in a community in Nakhon Phanom province, Thailand, from February to March 2014. The community was selected by stratification using a random sampling method by sampling from the district and subdistrict levels to
A modified McMaster method has been used for the diagnosis and estimating helminth egg load in human faecal samples obtained from random consecutive patients in the areas non-endemic for helminth infections (Slovak Republic, North West Russia). Both positive and negative findings were in a 100 % concordance to those obtained with a reference method accepted in clinical diagnostic laboratories (microscopy of the native stool smear). The McMaster method was efficient in detecting nematode eggs in patients’ stool samples with egg load varying from very low (15–60 epg for T. trichiura) to moderate (1650–4500 epg for A. lumbricoides). Therefore, this method may be successfully (and with a better technical feasibility) used for the diagnosis of intestinal helminth infections in non-endemic areas, with further quantitative analysis of the sample when required.
Phytosociological Characteristic of the Plant Communities With the Occurrence of Endemic Species Cyclamen Fatrense
In this contribution we bring together the basic phytosociological characteristics of communities with the presence of species Cyclamen fatrense in the herb layer. The analysis was made on the basis of 30 original phytosociological relevés. The main criterion for the relevés recording was the selection of the broadest possible range of biotopes with presence and the highest possible abundance of species Cyclamen fatrense on the entire area of its occurrence, which is represented by the Vel'ká Fatra and Starohorské vrchy Mts. The forest phytocoenoses of the association Carici albae-Fagetum Moor 1952, and phytocoenoses of clearings of the association Epilobio-Atropetum bella-donnae R. Tx. 1931 em. 1950, were classified by using Zürich-Montpellier School method. Additionally, 18 relevés with the presence of species Cyclamen fatrense were excerpted from already published works and detailed comparison was also made.
References A hmedullah M. & N ayar M. P. 1986. Endemic Plants of Indian region. Vol. 1 (Peninsular India). Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. A nnamalai R. 2004. Tamil Nadu Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan. 143 pp. Tamil Nadu Forest Department, Government of Tamil Nadu, Chennai. A reendran G. & R ao P. 2006. Vegetation types of the southern Eastern Ghats – A Remote Sensing Perspective. WWF India, New Delhi, India. B alachandran N. 2016. Perspectives of Plant Diversity in Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest along the Coromandel coast of Tamil Nadu and