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Envisioning Complexity: Towards a New Conceptualization of Educational Research for Sustainability

complexity approach to sustainability: Theory and application (Series on Complexity Science). World Scientific Publishing Company. Fleener, M. J. (2016). Re-searching methods in educational research: A transdisciplinary approach. In M. Koopmans & D. Stamovlasis (Eds.), Complex dynamic systems in education: Concepts, methods and applications (pp. 9–21). Springer. Funtowicz, S., & Ravetz, J. (1993). Science for the post-normal age. Futures, 25 (7), 739–755. Garnett, P. W. (1997). Chaos theory tamed . Joseph Henry Press. Gayford, C. (2003

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Perceptions of Research in Education for Sustainable Development: An International Perspective

References Anadolu University. (2008). The 6th International Conference Sustainable Development. Culture. Education: Collaboration on Education for Sustainable Development . Conference guide. June 4-7, 2008, Eskişehir, Turkey. Ball, D. L., & Forzani, F. M. (2007). 2007 Wallace foundation distinguished lecture: What makes education research “educational”? Educational Researcher, 36 (9), 529-540. DOIi: 10.3102/0013189X07312896. Baxter, L. A. (1991). Content analysis. In B. M. Montgomery & S. Duck (Eds

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Educational research between on devices and mobile learning

Abstract

The great potential of mobile learning devices hooks up these new contexts that are, above all, cultural and social, but also organisational and relational, forcing us to reconsider fundamental themes of pedagogical discourse. Among these themes, the first must be the construction of the student’s identity and, connected to this, the issue of personalised education. Let us consider, for instance, the by-now familiar distinction between formal, informal and non-formal. Compared with formal learning, we have always considered the two conditions of informal and non-formal education as independent or at least parallel, but essentially distinct and fundamentally different. In the moment in which teaching is done through mobility, and therefore with the effects of interference in contexts completely different from those that are somewhat predictable by the designer of distance learning, can we still think of a "distinction" between formal and informal or, at least, should we not assume a sort of context cross-breeding?

The question does not arise from considerations of quantitative, but instead arises from qualitative, evaluations. In our opinion, here exists a paradigm: the learning context not only escapes the teaching team’s realm of predictability, but somehow eludes even the predictability of the learner, and indeed, it is the very nature of the context that takes completely different characteristics and connotations.

We are on the verge of justifying a major revision of some paradigms that relate to the nature of the context, the role of the teacher and the position (in the sociological sense) of the student, which also affect the nature of the message and, more generally, the “entire educational setting”. It means working in this direction.

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Pupils’ Questions in Dialogic Teaching from the Perspective of Pedagogical Research

Abstract

Introduction: In our conditions and in the world, there is a tradition of the sequence of sequential communication exchanges in the interaction of a teacher and pupils, which was examined in the analysis of the processes and structures in educational communication. This tradition can be continued from the perspective of research at the 1st stage of elementary school education. Purpose: The aim of the study is to present the findings of a research on the issues of pupils’ questions. The research question is whether the existing results of educational research on the educational interaction and teacher-student communication in the educational process at the first stage of elementary schools also capture the characteristics of pupils’ questions. We will investigate the perception of dialogic teaching and pupils’ question in educational research. The sequence of sequential communication exchanges in the interaction between teachers and pupils, which was examined in the analysis of the processes and structures of educational communication, has in our country and in the world a tradition which can be followed in terms of research on teaching at the first stage of primary schools. One of the aspects of research on the interaction and communication in the classroom are the views of teachers who are discovering what a learner knows, and what he/she thinks about the communicated content and curriculum. But we are mainly interested in the results of educational research from the perspective of the pupil and his/her questions in the classroom. Methods: In our research, our intention was to analyse pupils’ questions which are to supplement their knowledge, or to find out more information that would help them deal with learning tasks. We were interested in previous investigations and were seeking for clarification whether the pupils’ questions are inconsistent, which would reveal misconceptions and wrong ideas in the understanding of the teaching content. Conclusions: The most frequently, pupils’ answer to the teacher’s questions were detected. The conclusions show the current results of pedagogical research in the context of dialogic teaching, they do not capture the characteristics of pupils’ questions in teaching at the 1st grade of elementary schools.

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Searching for Sustainability in Teacher Education and Educational Research: Experiences from the Baltic and Black Sea Circle Consortium for educational research

Abstract

The Baltic and Black Sea Circle Consortium for educational research (BBCC) was established at the beginning of the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005). BBCC has obtained its name in the Third International Conference Sustainable Development, Culture, Education in the University of Vechta (Germany, 2005).

The paper will give insights into preconditions of the establishment of the international network in: (1) the stage before the Decade (2000–2004) when the UNESCO/UNITWIN Chair from Toronto and team from Daugavpils University from Latvia were started to prepare participatory action research for the reorientation teacher education towards the aim of sustainable development and (2) the stage of the Decade (2005–2014) when the network and its development continued as an open network for participation. The structure of the network provides the international environment for cooperation and welcomes new participants.

The initiative of the network’s foundation was offered by the UNESCO/UNITWIN Chair in Toronto. For the coordination the BBCC actions and self-development the Institute of Sustainable Education (2003) was established in Daugavpils University (DU) and later UNESCO/UNITWIN Chair on Interplay of Tradition and Innovation in ESD were emerged at Daugavpils University (2013).

Action research experience was viewed in current article as a complex development process and at the same time as a complex system in which attention on the adaptation and evolution of cooperative relations will be emphasis. Metaphors approach and characterisation of frames of references for reorientation education towards sustainability will be examine in order to find the answers that allow realising reorienting of teacher education towards sustainable development. The analysis will be based on the topics which were discussed in annual BBCC conference Sustainable Development. Culture. Education sections.

Conclusions will offer main assumptions from the most significant BBCC network lived experiences in teacher education which is the real heritage from ANO Decade and in future it will serve as the frame of reference for realization of UNESCO/UNITWIN Chair in DU and BBCC actions in education and educational research for sustainable development in action.

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The role of subjectivity in teacher expertise development: Mindfully embracing the “black sheep” of educational research

Abstract

In Western cultures, subjectivity has often been seen as the “black sheep” of educational research because of its heavy emphasis on objectivity. Consequently many research initiatives in education share the assumption that objective reasoning should play a central role. However, mentoring teachers’ practice improvement research often requires us to go beyond the objective dimension and encompass the subjective dimension of the research process such as teachers’ intuition, tacit knowledge and personal meaning-making. The challenge that lies in front of us is how to mindfully make sense of the role of subjectivity in teacher expertise development. This paper examines this issue in terms of three case studies of in-service teachers’ action research projects and points to what it takes for us to mindfully embrace subjectivity in mentoring teachers’ practice improvement research.

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Exploratory portals of research data in education

Abstract

This paper presents a powerful tool to enhance research in education: ‘exploratory portals’, supporting effective storage, sharing and exploration of large sets of research data. The workflow is the following: data are gathered by a research group; they are then classified according to a taxonomy (the one that best fits the group’s research interest); once uploaded in the portal, they can be ‘explored’ via a combination of faceted search (enriched by Boolean operators) and data mining techniques. The system can thus answer in a few seconds to sophisticated user’s queries that otherwise would require hours; it can save a session’s results and materials for sharing with other scholars or for further investigation. The paper presents a case study of exploratory portal, dealing with data on (technology-based) education. The portal has effectively been used by five different research groups, to run complex investigations of data about technology integration into schools.

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Mental Hygienic Aspects of Animal Assisted Education

Abstract

The Institution for Special Education at the Faculty of Pedagogic of the University of Kaposvár has been engaged in animal assisted activities for about three years. Our most recent research program was conducted for over two month in the Spring of 2014 with the involvement of 66 children - all kindergarten and elementary school age -, 11 special educators, physicians, psychologists, special educators, teachers, ethologists. The primary focus of our research was the development (and examination) of memory however observations with ethological and mental hygiene angles were a natural segment of our work. A significant part of the observations pointed to factors that both the children and their educators have experienced: the acceptance of each-other, an increased level of tolerance, an increased attention level towards the partner (human and animal). The teachers gave account of their respective observations in a small conference at the end of the last school year. Researches were offered a glimpse into the unique world of the relationship between a part of “living nature” - the pygmy rabbit in our case - and humans. During the 12 sessions of the training our colleagues have made observations that could serve as basis for a new system of paradigms of animal assisted pedagogics in the future. Our experience can also be re-considered with aspects of remedial pedagogics: we are convinced that animal assistance can become an accentuated part of the care of children and students with impairments. This is also implied by the fact that preparatory works for the continuation of this research at a kindergarten and at a school are already in progress.

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The use of video in educational research and teacher training in the digital classroom

Abstract

The introduction of new technologies, video in particular, in educational and pedagogical research has not only changed how research is conducted in the educational field but has also brought about significant changes in teacher training. The advent of digitalisation, along with the miniaturisation of both video cameras and storage media, has led to a dramatic increase in the use of video, particularly in terms of video production. This has led to the introduction of new teaching practices and new training initiatives derived from the analysis of these practices. The use of video, at an educational and didactic level on the one hand, and as an instrument for field observation on the other, offers a variety of benefits, along with some critical issues. One of the advantages is the capacity to allow for an analytical vision of complex actions, which may be reviewed at different times, by a variety of interlocutors. The aim of this study is to present a reflection based on research conducted in nine digital classes, focussing on the use of video as both an instrument for recording, collecting and analysing data, as well as a training tool in the didactic practice of teachers.

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