Socio-economic potential of Polish cities - a regional dimension
The main aim of the research presented in this paper was to construct and evaluate a synthetic index of socio-economic potential of Polish cities (IoEp) at the level of voivodships and also to examine relations between this potential and the economic development of regions. The index reflects the level of localisation advantages offered by a city. That is why an assumption was made that there is a positive relationship between the level of socio-economic potential of cities in a region (measured by the IoEP index) and its level of economic development. The obtained results show that there are significant and stable differences in the level of economic potential of Polish cities. One can also observe that the higher the level of IoEP was, the higher the value of regional GDP per capita. That gives some basis to positively verify the research hypothesis.
Subject and purpose of work: The main goal of this work is to identify and systematize the geoeconomic threats that directly affect the development of small countries with economies in transition. The subject of the study is geoeconomic security (GES) of small countries with economies in transition. As an independent variable is GES, and the dependent GES of Georgia. Materials and methods: The research is of an empirical nature, and belongs to the category of qualitative research. The case-study method is used as a basic methodological approach. Results: The future of the country should be viewed in a geo-economic context.The country’s security should be developed through economic cooperation, which would not only ensure stability and economic growth would also benefit both in terms of political and in the economic security. Conclusions: Georgia needs to fully use its geo-economic potential (both internal and external), which is a reliable source of weakening geo-economic threats.
Václav Kupčák, Karel Pulkrab, Roman Sloup and Anna Beníčková
In forest management, natural conditions have long been systemized by groups of forest habitat types (GFHT). Based on them, appropriate economic measures can be taken and economic efficiency of silviculture calculated. Management intensity, the term related only to timber production in the past, has recently been defined more broadly within the sustainable, close-to-nature forest management concept. It includes economic-ecological and efficient management, and reflects potential production as well as ecological effects of forest stands. Nature and natural development are preferred where artificial interventions are unnecessary (Plíva 2000). This concept uses a specific GFHT as the elementary unit as it allows to exactly identify ecological and economic potential, management measures, quantification and monetary expression of elementary components of economic efficiency. Such optimization of management measures and their economic projections analysis can be considered a comprehensive biological-ecological-economic analysis.
The aim of the article is to identify the role of Latin America in the global economy between 1990 and 2010. The analysis is based on the indicators that define social and economic potential (regional GNI, GNI per capita, growth rates, share in global production output, etc.). The article examines in detail the structural and regional shifts in Latin America’s foreign trading: the share of manufactures in Latin American exports has shrunk sharply since 2000; primary commodities have become more important for the region’s trade; China has become a privileged trading partner for Latin America; the region’s resilience to the crisis has renewed trade interest from the EU ; the USA’s share in the region’s trade has reduced. The analysis allowed a proposal for decision methods addressing major issues in the region’s trade through the diversification of Latin American export and the intensification of intra-regional trade.
The development of the nonprofit sector of a country can be assessed by several methods. We may begin by introducing the numeric data and finish by speaking of their social embedment. We may analyse their presence in the economy, the labour market or their contribution to political and social liberalization. In my study I refer to Taiwan as an example to introduce the complex presence and impact of all these processes on the development of the nonprofi t organizations in a country less known for a European researcher. With special respect to the economic and political aspects of “development”.
The relative level of fiscal revenue in relation to the total aggregate domestic product or national income is a central indicator to be established in the national economy. This indicator is the “tax ratio”. The tendency of almost every economic and especially fiscal policy is that this indicator expresses the optimal ratio between the part of the domestic product or national income, which is intended to be used for the settlement of public needs and the general economic aggregate of the latter economic categories. Its special importance lies in the design concept of medium-term or long-term social and economic development. It is necessary to determine the framework of the global distribution of the domestic product or national income, which is acceptable, on the one hand, from the perspective of a balanced and stable economic growth, and on the other hand, from the standpoint of balancing interests of all social structures of modern mixed societies.
A nation’s economicpotential is always concentrated within cities. Therefore, the development of cities and the debate on possible political strategies for improving urban economic development are especially relevant for countries or regions whose economy falls behind, like the former socialist countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Cities in all CEE countries have been subject to quite drastic changes during the last two decades, since the start of the transition from socialist to market oriented systems. Domestic institutional
Source: Own study based on the data from the Statistical Office in Rzeszów.
Therefore, it is a set of units differentiated not only in terms of function and administrative affiliation but also in terms of their socio-economicpotential, which is indirectly reflected in the share of own revenues in total income. A high level of own income, in connection with maintaining their stability, should be included among the main determinants
An ageing population means a growing number of healthy older people with human capital, financial resources, and time available to contribute to economic activities. However, the economic potential of older people remains mostly underused, which leads to the question, how to make best use of the underused. One way would be fostering senior entrepreneurship. The paper discusses which factors may positively influence or hinder the self-employment of older people. Overall, attention will be drawn to the relevance of older people in the field of business and entrepreneurial economics. From an economic point of view, it seems necessary not only to focus on young people but also to take into account the large and still growing economic potential of the elderly. There seems to be a treasure in waiting.