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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the present study is to examine whether the European Union budget comprises significant resources for financing measures relating to social cohesion. The analysis is based on the contents of the Europe 2020 Strategy.

Given the constraints of space and for the sake of clarity of the argument, the author focuses on the role of the EU budget rather than all measures aimed at social cohesion undertaken by EU institutions or targeted by policies of individual Member States.

Methodology: Documents, studies and reports published by the European Commission constitute the main source of information. In addition, the author has taken into account macroeconomic data demonstrating the deterioration of the social situation since 2009, as well as the instruments that the European Commission has deployed since 2013 in order to respond to post-crisis challenges.

Conclusions: It can be roughly estimated that more than 40 percent of total resources within the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020 shall be allocated to the social cohesion policy. Opportunities afforded by the implementation of the Europe 2020 Strategy include primarily the definition of objectives whose priority is indisputable and the introduction of the hitherto neglected analysis of certain socio-economic indicators, classified by country or region and, in certain cases, examined in more detail than required by the European Commission. The monitoring of objectives is conducive to the introduction of new solutions and implementation tools, as exemplified by the new instruments within the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020, as well as the adjustment of available funds in light of the most pressing challenges. The European Semester has facilitated the task of comparing progress in strategy implementation by individual Member States, as well as the provision of recommendations for each of them and an individualized approach.

Research implications: This article contributes to the discussion on further integration of the European Union’s social dimension, with particular emphasis on the need to work out a common approach to immigration policy.

Originality: The author presents her own opinions regarding current events in terms of the post-crisis social cohesion policies of the European Union, taking into account the European Commission’s financial instruments.

products, OJ L 346. Directorate-General Agriculture and Rural Development. (2011). Evaluation of Cap Measures Applied to the Sugar Sector. European Commission, Final Report. Directorate-General Budget. Budget on line. Retrieved January 27, 2017 from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/budget/www/index-pl.htm Etapy reform rynku cukru. (2011). Warszawa: Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi. European Commission. (1998). Financing the European Union. Commission report on the operation of the own resources system, commission of the European communities. Brussels: COM 560 final. European

2005). Studia Ekonomiczne. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach, no. 218 , pp. 113-132. Downloaded from: http://www.ue.katowice.pl/uploads/media/08_18.pdf . 5. Czyżewski, A. Matuszczak, A. (2014). Krajowe i unijne wydatki budżetowe na sektor rolny w Polsce (National and EU budget expenditures on the agricultural sector in Poland), Roczniki Naukowe Ekonomii Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich, Vol. 101, No. 2, pp. 37-44. 6. Czyżewski, A. Matuszczak, A. (2018). Wydatki budżetowe na rolnictwo, rynki rolne, rozwój wsi i KRUS w warunkach

-2020 - perspektywa napływu funduszy unijnych a rozwój gospodarczy Polski - szanse i zagrożenia, Redakcja Ekonomiczna PAP. Statistical Yearbook of Agriculture 2013, CSO. Warsaw 2013. Council Regulation (EC) No. 1782/2003. Consolidated draft regulations of the European Parliament and the Council (Council document 13294/13 REV 1 and 13349/1/13 REV1) Report on the EU budget for 2014-2020 No. 120/2013, the Office of the Senate, Brussels, 10 December 2013. Walkowski M. (2012), Wspólna Polityka Rolna Unii Europejskiej w perspektywie finansowej 2014-2020. Kontynuacja dotychczasowych

Summary

The objective of the paper is to present the results of negotiations on the EU budget for 2014-2020, with particular emphasis on the Common Agricultural Policy. Authors indicate the steps for establishing the budget, from the proposal of the European Commission presented in 2011, ending with the draft of UE budget agreed at the meeting of the European Council on February 2013 and the meeting of the AGRIFISH on March 2013 and then approved by the political agreement of the European Commission, European Parliament and European Council on June 2013. In this context, there will be an assessment of the new budget from the point of view of Polish economy and agriculture.

. Paper presented at the 160th EAAE Seminar: Rural Jobs and the CAP, Warsaw-Poland, 1-2 December 2016. 8. European Commission (2012). The Common Agricultural Policy – A story to be continued . Luxembourg: European Commission. 9. European Commission (2013). Overview of CAP Reform 2014-2020. Agricultural Policy Perspectives Brief (No. 5). Brussels: DG AGRI. 10. European Commission – Directorate-General for Budget (2017). EU Budget 2017: Financial Report. https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/c48c1c91-cdc8-11e8-9424-01aa75ed71a1 (18

Ekonomicznego w Katowicach, No. 218 , pp. 113-132. Pobrane z: http://www.ue.katowice.pl/uploads/media/08_18.pdf . 5. Czyżewski, A. (2001). Rola polityki makroekonomicznej w kształtowaniu warunków dla zrównoważonego rozwoju rolnictwa, [in:] U. Płowiec (ed.), Jaka polityka gospodarcza; Kluczowe Problemy gospodarki, PWE, Warszawa. 6. Czyżewski, A. Matuszczak, A. (2014b). Krajowe i unijne wydatki budżetowe na sektor rolny w Polsce (National and EU budget expenditure on the agricultural sector in Poland), Roczniki Naukowe Ekonomii Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich, V.101

: Slovak Republic , EUR 29181 EN, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Barca, F. (2009), An Agenda for A Reformed Cohesion Policy: A Place-Based Approach to Meeting European Union Challenges and Expectations , Independent report, prepared at the request of the European Commissioner for Regional Policy, Danuta Hübner, Brussels: European Commission. Berkowitz, P. (2018), ‘EU Budget for the future smart specialization: future perspectives,’ Presentation held on 22 October 2018 in Vilnius for DG Regional and Urban Policy of the European Commission. Bohle

Abstract

Regional policy in the European Union becomes more and more important every year, especially in the last few years. As the experiences of the European Union show, structural programs or other forms of support are most effective when realized in the regions, for the regions and through the regions.

The role and position of the regions in the EU strengthens every year. In the following years, regions will work and participate in the EU budget even more intensively. Therefore, there will be more and more programs and grants to be realized in the regions and through the regions.

Abstract

This paper tries to answer the question of whether universal basic income on the European level is a realistic option or an illusion. As UBI implies a much larger EU budget and a redistribution of collected budget revenues, the chance of introducing UBI depends on the required redistribution – the larger the redistribution, the lower the chance. The chance is indirectly assessed by an exercise in which 50 percent of actual tax revenues generated by indirect taxes of member states is collected at the center and distributed equally to all citizens. Though the net costs to the rich are relatively modest, the results indicate that the idea of introducing UBI on the European level is an illusion.