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Multi-label classification using error correcting output codes

A framework for multi-label classification extended by Error Correcting Output Codes (ECOCs) is introduced and empirically examined in the article. The solution assumes the base multi-label classifiers to be a noisy channel and applies ECOCs in order to recover the classification errors made by individual classifiers. The framework was examined through exhaustive studies over combinations of three distinct classification algorithms and four ECOC methods employed in the multi-label classification problem. The experimental results revealed that (i) the Bode-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH) code matched with any multi-label classifier results in better classification quality; (ii) the accuracy of the binary relevance classification method strongly depends on the coding scheme; (iii) the label power-set and the RAkEL classifier consume the same time for computation irrespective of the coding utilized; (iv) in general, they are not suitable for ECOCs because they are not capable to benefit from ECOC correcting abilities; (v) the all-pairs code combined with binary relevance is not suitable for datasets with larger label sets.

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Sustainability and Sustainability Marketing in Competing for the Title of European Capital of Culture

.1177/0969776414528724 Immler, N.L. & Sakkers, H. (2014). (Re)Programming Europe: European Capitals of Culture: rethinking the role of culture. Journal of European Studies , 44(1), 3–29, https://doi.org/10.1177/0047244113515567 Kaunas city municipality (2016). Kaunas European Capital of Culture (pre – final bid) . Available from: http://kaunas2022.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Kaunas_2022_ECoC_final_bid_EN.pdf Klaipeda city municipality (2016). Klaipeda European Capital of Culture 2020 (pre – final bid) . Available from: https

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From Inconsistencies to Contingencies -Understanding Policy Complexity of Novi Sad 2021 European Capital of Culture

Abstract

The case of Novi Sad European Capital of Culture 2021 (NS2021), in which various rationales of cultural policy (local, national, supranational) thread a complex web of political interactions, brings interesting challenges to the theoretical landscape of cultural policy research. We start with the analysis of the Bidbook NS2021 as a cultural policy text, discussing its inconsistencies and ambiguities. Then we study the context and the policy process through participant observation and interviews with key authors. We find that the policy-making process is best explained as contingent - meaning that it is dependent on the historical discourses, demands of the specific policy genre, external requirements and internal pressures, and individual agencies and accidents. In the concluding section, we discuss theoretical and methodological implications that policy contingency poses to cultural policy studies.

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On “Long-Run-Transitions” in Urban Planning Supported by More Advanced Geothermal Energy Utilization in City of Nis, Serbia

economic development, Utica, City Hall, interview by A. Jovanović. Utica, November 27, 2016. 5. Expert in urban planning, based in Nis, interview by A. Jovanović. Nis, November 23, 2015. 6. Filipović, B. Mineralne, termalne i termomineralne vode Srbije. Vrnjacka Banja, Beograd: Udruzenje banjskih i klimatskih mesta/Institut za Hidrogeologiju RGF Beograd, 2004. 278 p. 7. Ecocity, Book 2 : How to make it happen [P. Gaffron, G. Huismans, F. Skala, ed.]. Deliverable of the project, Vienna: Facultas Verlags- und Buchhandels AG, 2008. 82 p. 8

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The Influence of Cultural Competence on the Interpretations of Territorial Identities in European Capitals of Culture

Abstract

The EU’s cultural initiative ‘the European Capital of Culture’ (ECOC) includes high identity political aims. It requires the designated cities to introduce and foster local, regional, and European cultural identities. In addition, the cities have used the designation as an opportunity to promote national cultural identity. Audiences of the ECOC events recognize and interpret different kinds of representations of territorial cultural identities from what the cities have to offer in culture. However, the contents of these interpretations vary drastically in the ECOCs. The article discusses whether the competence of interpreting the representations of territorial cultural identities is related to some social determinants of the audiences. Based on a questionnaire study conducted in recent ECOCs-Pécs (Hungary), Tallinn (Estonia), and Turku (Finland)-the study indicates that, for example, education, source of livelihood, and active cultural participation impact the interpretations of the representations of territorial cultural identities.

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Evaluation of Signal Regeneration Impact on the Power Efficiency of Long-Haul DWDM Systems

. Morea, A., & Spadaro, S., Rival, O., Perelló, J., Agraz, F., & Verchere, D. (2011). Power Management of Optoelectronic Interfaces for Dynamic Optical Networks. DOI: 10.1364/ECOC.2011.We.8.K.3 7. Chiani, M., Win, M. Z., & Zanella, A. (2003). Error probability for optimum combining of M-ary PSK signals in the presence of interference and noise. IEEE Transactions On Communications, 51(11). doi: 10.1109/TCOMM.2003.819197 8. Meghdadi, V. (2008). BER calculation. Wireless Communications by Andrea Goldsmith. 9. Van

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A Hybrid TDM/WDM-Pon System with FWM-Generated Source of Multiwavelength Optical Signals

. (2007). Highly efficient generation of cascaded Four-Wave Mixing products in a Hybrid Photonic Crystal Fiber. 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communications - ECOC 2007 , 16-20. Arismar Cerqueira S. (Jr.), Marconi, J. D., Gabrielli, L. H., Rieznik, A. A., Hernandez-Figueroa, H. E., Fragnito, H. L., & Knight, J. C. (2008). Multi-wavelength source at ITU-T grid based on ultraflattened dispersion photonic crystal fibers. International Journal of Optics , June. Ļašuks, I., Ozoliņš, O., Ščemeļevs, A. (2009

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Environmental Risk Assessment for Landscape - ecological Planning in the City Vranov nad Topľou

References [1] Metodika rizikovej analýzy kontaminovaných lokalít, MŽP (2001), http://www.sazp.sk/slovak/struktura/ceev/ERA/kontam_lokality/rizik (25-5-2008). [2] PAŠKOVÁ, M., ZÁHUMENSKÁ, M.(2008). Krajinnoekologické aspekty v územnoplánovacej dokumentácii. In: Životné prostredie miest, 27.11.2008 (1-13) Žilina: SAŽP. [3] http://www.ecocity.szm.com/eia/proceseia.html [4] KOČICKÁ, E.(2007). Posudzovanie vplyvov na životné prostredie (z aspektu teórie a praxe), In: Ekológia a environmentalistika, (317-323) Zvolen. [5] NATIONAL

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Socio-spatial diversity of Marseille at the turn of the 21st century

References Andres, L. 2011: Marseille versus Marseille Provence: local and regional challenges of 2013 ECOC, seminar held on the Mega-Events and Regional Development Workshop at the Maastricht University, 7 September 2011. Caldwell, C. 2005: Revolting high rises. In: The New York Times , access on: www.nytimes.com, DoA: 1 April 2011. www.nytimes.com Euroméditerranée, access on: www.euromediterranee.fr Gsir, S. 2007: Case study on housing. Marseille

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Transforming Narratives: Reaction, Context and the Emerging (IM)-Possibilities of Social Discourse on Art in Cluj-Napoca

Napoca, 2014-2020, [Cluj-Napoca City Hall, Municipal Development Strategy, 2014-2020]. Cluj Capital of Culture 2021 Association (2016), Application form ECoC.

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