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Estonia has created of itself the image of an e-state that is being supported with novel ICT-solutions, the perhaps most renowned of which is e-residency. However, created as a governmental start-up in the national best interest, e-residency could be of marginal relevance in light of global digital identity management. Purely national digital identity or an e-residency grants its holder several rights unknown to, or at least unapplied in a majority of the EU Member States and in the world more generally. But currently it lies on a vacillating legal pedestal which has resulted in copious administrative issues and proposed legal amendments already during its first year of implementation. Concerns, such as the administrative capacity of Estonia to handle potentially 10 million customers of national e-services, arise due to contingent legal footing. On this basis, efficiency of e-residency is critically analysed from the perspective of an autoschediastic regulatory framework presuming high-level administrative competence yet leaving the scope and limits of the functions of the public authorities legally unfurnished and isolated from the EU legal space.
Kristóf Gyódi, Maciej Sobolewski and Michał Ziembiński
On-line shopping is becoming an important channel of purchases besides the traditional off-line retail. According to the Eurostat data, the share of e-commerce in total turnover has already reached 15% in EU15, and in countries like Great Britain, it comprises more than 20%. The European Commission (EC), aware of the fundamental meaning of digital economy, made the completion of the DigitalSingleMarket (DSM) one of its priorities. The aim of the DSM is to ensure the cross-border access of on-line activities under conditions of fair
Eduard Alexandru Stoica and Ioana Andreea Bogoslov
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