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Introduction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of dental caries in adults patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Material and method. A cross-sectional study was performed between November 2013 and October 2014. All subjects who agreed to participate to the study were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding personal information, oral hygiene and dental evaluation. The individuals with complete false teeth (superior and inferior removable prosthetic devices) were excluded from the study. The study included 134 people divided in two groups, based on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: a group with gastroesophageal reflux disease (71), and a control group (63). Dental evaluation was performed by a dentist blind to the diagnosis of the subjects. Dental caries were evaluated by applying the decayed, missing, and filled teeth index (DMFT index). The statistical significance was defined as p<0.05.
Results. From 71 subjects included in GERD group, 33 (46.48%) were males and 38 females (53.52%) with a mean age of 44.99±11.19 (42, 59.15% from urban area and 29, 40.85%, from rural area). In the control group we included 28 (44.44%) males and 35 (55.56%) females (mean age 43.84±9.48) and 29 (46.03%) subjects were from urban area and 34 (53.97%) from rural area. DMFT index in GERD group was 19.49±4.28 and in control group 18.16±4.54 (p<0.05).
Conclusions. The present study showed that there is no difference between GERD and control group, regarding the frequency of dental caries.
. 2017;59(2):201-206. 6. Kumar S. Evidence-Based Update on Diagnosis and Management of Gingivitis and Periodontitis. Dent Clin North Am. 2019 Jan;63(1):69-81. 7. Murakami S, Mealey BL, Mariotti A, Chapple ILC. Dental Plaque-Induced Gingival Conditions. J Clin Periodontol. 2018 Jun;45 Suppl 20:S17-S27. 8. Durand R, Roufegarinejad A, Chandad F, Rompré PH, Voyer R, Michalowicz BS, Emami E. Dentalcaries are positively associated with periodontal disease severity. Clin Oral Investig. 2019 Oct;23(10):3811-3819 9. Kovács V, Tihanyi D, Gera I. The incidence of local plaque
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