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Language in Zhuangzi: How to Say Without Saying?

Chuang Tzu. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, pp. xvii-liv. Moeller, H.-G., 2004. Daoism Explained: From the Dream of the Butterfly to the Fishnet Allegory. Chicago: Open Court. Schwitzgebel, E., 1996. Zhuangzi’s Attitude Toward Language and His Skepticism. In: P. Kjellberg, J. P. Ivanhoe, ed. Essays on Skepticism, Relativism and Ethics in the Zhuangzi. Albany: State University of New York Press, pp. 68-96. Watson, B., 1968. The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu. New York and London: Columbia University Press

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Jubula hutchinsiae subsp. javanica (Hepaticae, Jubulaceae): a genus and species new for Thailand

Abstract

Jubula hutchinsiae (Hook.) Dumort. subsp. javanica (Steph.) Verd. collected from the Khao Soi Dao wildlife sanctuary, Chanthaburi province, is a new genus and species record for Thailand. A brief description based on Thai material is provided, with illustrations.

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Laozi’s precepts for daily life in the contemporary world: two popular Western (American) interpretations

References Anatole, A., 2005. The Truth of Dao. Center of Traditional Taoist Studies. Anatole, A., 2008. Istina Dao. Алекс Анатоль. Истина Дао. Москва: София. Clarke, J.J, 2000. The Tao of the West. London and New York: Routledge. Crandell, M. M., 2010. On walking without Touching the ground: “Play” in the inner Chapters of the “Zhuangzi”. In: Mair, Victor H, ed., Experimental Essays on Zhuangzi. Dunedin. FL: Three Pines Press. Girardot N.J., 2008. My Way: Teaching the

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Development of Personal Protection Equipment for Medical Staff: Case of Dental Surgeon

Abstract

During daily oral health care, dental surgeons are in contact with numerous potentially infectious germs from patients’ saliva and blood. Appropriate personal protection equipment should be chosen to mitigate these risks, but the garment must also be comfortable and not hamper activities. This paper presents our research work on optimised working clothing for dentists and discusses some important points in the functional design. Following a consumer study on how users wear the garment and what are their expectations, three main functions were investigated: protection, ergonomics and thermal comfort. Aesthetic appearance was also taken into consideration as it is necessary that the wearer should feel appropriately and attractively dressed in the context of health care.

Concerning protection, spray tests in real conditions helped us to localise the potential contamination areas on the garment and led us to select a three-layered material that is protective and breathable enough. However, this part of the garments made from these fabrics exhibited low thermal comfort and the wearer felt some discomfort. In terms of ergonomics, instrumented garments were worn and pressure measurements were taken. The results highlight that a special shape and raglan sleeves should be selected for a better dynamic comfort. Concerning thermal comfort, an infrared camera was used to detect warm zones of the garment where heat and moisture transfers should be enhanced. Breathable, stretchable and shape-retaining knitted fabric that is usually used for sportswear was selected. These fabrics were strategically placed as low and high vents to promote a chimney effect, which minimises retention of heat and humidity inside the garment. The usual PES/cotton fabric was selected for the rest of the gown.

Based on these results, a new gown has been proposed. Through fitting tests conducted in a hospital on 25 dentists, it was revealed that the new design was highly appreciated, particularly on the ergonomic structure of the sleeves and thermal comfort of breathable zones. However, some points can be further improved, such as durability of the PES/cotton fabric, the neck length or the shape of ‘breathable zones’. The final product will be produced based on necessary improvements

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Using gridded rainfall products in simulating streamflow in a tropical catchment – A case study of the Srepok River Catchment, Vietnam

Abstract

The precise rainfall estimate with appropriate spatial and temporal resolutions is a key input to distributed hydrological models. However, networks of rain gauges are often sparsely distributed in developing countries. To overcome such limitations, this study used some of the existing gridded rainfall products to simulate streamflow. Four gridded rainfall products, including APHRODITE, CFSR, PERSIANN, and TRMM, were used as input to the SWAT distributed hydrological model in order to simulate streamflow over the Srepok River Catchment in Vietnam. Besides that, the available rain gauges data were also used for comparison. Amongst the four different datasets, the TRMM and APHRODITE data show their best match to rain gauges data in simulating the daily and monthly streamflow with satisfactory precision in the 2000-2006 period. The result indicates that the TRMM and APHRODITE data have potential applications in driving hydrological model and water resources management in data-scarce and ungauged areas in Vietnam.

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Printing Cosmopolitanism, Challenging Orthodoxies: Cao Đài Journals in Twentieth Century Vietnam

. Bourdeaux, Pascal. 2010. “La Revue France-Asie (1946-1974), Un Regard Postcolonial sur la ‘Synthèse Culturelle’.” Péninsule, 56 (2), pp. 163-209. Chartier, Roger. 1990. Les Origines culturelles de la Révolution française. Paris: Éditions du Seuil. Đào Trinh Nhất. 1929. Cái Án Cao Đài [The Cao Đài Case]. Saigon: imprimerie Commerciale. Debray, Régis. 1991. Cours de médiologie générale. Paris: Gallimard. DeVido, Elise Anne. 2007. “‘Buddhism for this World’: The Buddhist Revival in Vietnam, 1920 to 1951, and Its

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Analysis on the Features of Acupuncture Recipes for Dysmenorrhea

Abstract

Objective: To analysis and extract the features of acupuncture recipes for dysmenorrhea.

Methods: By searching the major Chinese and English databases, we included the clinical literature with defined point-based recipes and analyzed the feature of those.

Results: (1) the most frequently selected points for dysmenorrhea in order were: San Yin Jiao(SP6), Guan Yuan (RN4), Zhong Ji (CV3), Qi Hai (CV6), Ci Liao (BL32), Di Ji (SP8), Shen Shu (BL23). (2) the major characteristics of point selection was combination of local points and distant points which located on Ren meridian and spleen meridian. (3) the major treatment methods were normal acupuncture, then acupuncture combined with moxibustion or auricular therapy, for the latter, were especially stressed and confirmed by many studies.

Conclusion: The acupuncture recipes for dysmenorrhea were usually made by consideration of combining local and distant points, utilizing multiple methods especially auricular therapy.

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The Predictive Value of On-treatment Virological Response for Sustained Virological Response in Chronic Hepatitis C Patients Receiving a Personalized Treatment Program

Abstract

Objective To investigate the effects of individualised treatment with peginterferon alpha-2a (40 kD) plus ribavirin in Chinese patients with CHC.

Methods Total of 297 consecutive Chinese patients were enrolled, including 250 naïve cases and 47 cases who were previously treated. Treatment duration was determined according to viral genotypes, prior treatment history and viral responses at week 4, 12 and 24.

Results Totally, 235 patients (79.1%) completed treatment and 186 (87.3%) achieved SVR. And 219 out of 289 (75.8%) patients achieved HCV RNA negative at week 4 (RVR) and 259 of 276 (93.8%) at week 12. Among the 164 patients with RVR who completed follow-up, 158 (96.3%) achieved SVR. Patients with RVR had lower baseline viral loads than patients without RVR (P = 0.034). The positive predictive value (PPV) of RVR for SVR was 90.7% (OR 2.10 vs. non-RVR, 95% CI: 0.50 - 8.7). Similar outcomes were observed among patients with HCV undetectable at week 12.

Conclusions Complete viral suppression by week 4 is associated with a high rate of treatment success in treatment naïve and experienced patients receiving individualized CHC therapy.

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An in vitro based investigation into the cytotoxic effects of D-amino acids

Abstract

In the present study, cytotoxic effects of D-Ala, D-Pro and D-Lys are demonstrated. In an effort to study the possible mechanisms of the observed cytotoxicity, catalase activity, H2O2 generation, and apoptotic activity were measured in HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines. Although D-Lys is a poor substrate for DAO and therefore low H2O2 was detected, it was shown to provoke severe impairment of cellular integrity and survival. Interestingly, a very good substrate for DAO, such as D-Pro, did not substantially reduce cell viability. On the other hand, a moderate substrate for DAO, represented by D-Ala, was shown to moderately trigger toxicity in the tested cell lines. Although a correlation between the in vitro cytotoxicity of D-amino acids and the amount of H2O2 produced was absent, there was a good agreement between the ability of D-amino acids to trigger apoptosis and to provoke toxicity. Our results indicate that the toxicity of D-amino acids does not appear to be solely mediated by H2O2. Therefore, we hypothesize that other possible contributing apoptosis-mediated pathways might cause the observed toxicity.

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