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Synthesis, growth and characterization of semiorganic nonlinear optical single crystal bis(thiourea) barium nitrate (BTBN) for frequency conversion

Abstract

A novel semiorganic nonlinear optical (NLO) crystal, bis(thiourea) barium nitrate (BTBN) was synthesized and grown by slow evaporation method. Structure of the new crystalline compound was confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and it showed that BTBN belongs to orthorhombic crystal system. The crystalline nature of the BTBN was confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction study. Important functional groups of BTBN were identified by FT-IR spectroscopic analysis. UV-Vis-NIR spectral study showed that the grown crystal is transparent in the entire visible region with low cut off wavelength of 304 nm. BTBN exhibits a SHG efficiency which is nearly 2.38 times higher than that of KDP. The BTBN crystal has high mechanical strength and belongs to soft category, which was confirmed by micorhardness study. The thermal stability of BTBN was determined from TGA and DTA thermal study which revealed that the BTBN crystal has thermal stability up to 243.1 °C. The surface properties and presence of elements was analyzed by SEM and EDAX study, respectively.

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Growth and characterization of NLO crystal: L-leucine phthalic acid potassium iodide

Abstract

A new semi-organic non linear optical crystal, L-leucine phthalic acid potassium iodide (LLPPI) has been grown from an aqueous solution by slow evaporation method. The grown crystals were subjected to different characterizations, such as single crystal XRD, FT-IR, UV-Vis, TGA, SEM, EDAX, micro hardness, dielectric and powder SHG. Single crystal structure was determined from X-ray diffraction data and it revealed that the crystal belongs to triclinic system with the space group P1. The vibrational frequencies of various functional groups were derived from FT-IR spectrum. Thermal stability of the grown crystal was investigated by TG-DTA studies and it was observed that the crystal was thermally stable up to 192 °C. Optical absorption study was carried out and a good transparency in the entire visible region was observed at the lower cutoff wavelength of 227 nm. Dielectric study was performed as a function of frequency and normal dielectric behavior was observed. The micro hardness test was carried out and the load dependent hardness was measured. Kurtz powder method was employed to explore the NLO characteristics of the grown crystal.

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Complexation of poly(ethylene glycol) with poly(ethyl methacrylate-co-N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) gel based on hydrogen bonds

-1405. DOI: 10.1002/app.2300. 24. Working, P.K., Newman, M.S., Johnson, J. & Cornacoff, J.B. (1997). Safety of poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(ethylene glycol) derivatives . in J.M. Harris & S. Zalipsky (Eds.), Poly(ethylene glycol): chemistry and biological applications ACS Symposium Series (No 680, pp. 45-57). American Chemical Society, Washington DC. 25. Cesteros, L., Quintana, J., Fernandez, J. & Katime, I. (1989). Miscibility of poly(ethylene oxide) with poly( N -vinyl pyrrolidone): DMTA and DTA studies, J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym

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Sorption of heavy metal cations on rhyolitic and andesitic bentonites from Central Slovakia

potentiometric, thermodynamic, XRD, IR, DTA study. J. Hazard. Mater. 151, 682-691. Fan Q., Li Z., Zhao H., Jia Z., Xu J. & Wu W. 2009: Adsorption of Pb(II) on palygorskite from aqueous solution: Effects of pH, ionic strength and temperature. Appl. Clay Sci. 45, 111-116. Farmer V.C. 1974: Layer silicates. In: Farmer V.C. (Ed.): Infrared spectra of minerals. Miner. Soc. London , 331-363. Farrah H. & Pickering W.F. 1977: Influence of clay-solute interaction on aqueous heavy metal ion levels. Water

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