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The Historical Taboo: Colonial Discourses and Postcolonial Identities in Belgium

Abstract

This article examines so-called colonial discourses in Belgium related to the former Sub-Saharan colony owned by Leopold II of Belgium which today is known as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) or the Congo-Kinshasa. Having introduced the colonial history of the DR Congo from the 15th century until 1910, the study starts with a discussion of Van den Braembussche’s concept of a ‘historical taboo’ and four ways of engaging with such implicit interdictions. Finally, an empirical analysis of colonial discourses in Belgium from the 1890s until today will be presented in conjunction with Belgium’s linguistic-cultural division, taking into account age-related divergence.

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Ebola: History and some implications for Africa

Abstract

The Ebola disease derives its name after a small river, the Ebola River, flowing through the former Zaire (present day DR Congo) and was formally named in 1976. The disease belongs to the category of diseases referred to as “haemorrhagic fever”; the causal agent – a filovirus (from Latin “filo” = thread) belonging to the Filoviridae family. The treatment of Ebola has been only symptomatic, i.e. based on mitigation of the symptoms related to the infection, such as kidneys and liver. An effective vaccine has not been developed yet, even though rigorous attempts have been made and reported. Ebola has been primarily found in the Ivory Coast, DR Congo, Sudan, Gabon and other equatorial African countries. Based on the data obtained during the latest epidemics, people are strongly advised to avoid direct contact with patients, avoid buying bush meat in street markets and not handle dead bats, megabats, monkeys or gorillas. Estimated data suggest that more than 5,000 of these animals have died. The disease was also diagnosed in patients in the USA and Europe. The epidemic afflicted West Africa and had significant implication on their economy in terms of lost production, higher fiscal deficits, rising prices and lower real household incomes, leading to greater poverty.

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Intra-State Violence In D.R. Congo And Features Of The ‘New War’ Scenarios

Defence of New Wars”, Stability , 2(1): 4, 2013, pp. 2-3 [9] Laura M. Herța, “Intra-State Violence in DR Congo and Human Security – Perspectives from International Relations”, in Human Security Perspectives , Volume 10, Issue 1, University of Graz, 2014, pp. 186-218 [10] Tatiana Carayannis; Herbert F. Weiss, “The Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1996–2002”, in Jane Boulden (ed.), Dealing with Conflict in Africa: The United Nations and Regional Organizations , Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, p. 257 [11] Ibidem [12] Nicholas Wheeler, “Global

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Evaluation of Agronomic and Sensory Attributes of Quality Protein Maize for Acceptability in South-Western Nigeria

-Mbuyi A., Kizungu R. (2010): Participatory selection and characterization of quality protein maize (QPM) varieties in Savanna agroecological region of DR-Congo. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 2(11): 325- 332. NDHS (2008): National population commission and ICF Micro, Calverton. MD 20705, USA. Nuss E.T., Tanumihardjo S.A (2011): Quality Protein Maize for Africa: Closing the protein Inadequacy gap in vulnerable populations. Advances in Nutrition 2: 217-224. Olarinde L.O., Kuponiyi F.A. (2005): Rural livelihood

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Aided Phytostabilization of Copper Contaminated Soils with L. Perenne and Mineral Sorbents as Soil Amendments

(Katanga, DR Congo), Ecological Engineering, 82 (2016) 81-90. 29. Sun Y., Li Y., Xu Y., Liang X., Wang L.: In situ stabilization remediation ofcadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) co-contaminated paddy soil using bentonite, Applied Clay Science,105-106 (2014) 200-206. 30. Sun Q., Wang X.R., Ding S.M., Yuan X.F.: Effects of exogenous organic chelators on phytochelatins production and its relationship with cadmium toxicity in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under cadmium stress, Chemosphere, 60, 1 (2005) 22-31. 31. Tiecher T.L., Tiecher

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