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Nicolai Hartmanns Critical Ontology and the Critical Realism of the Berlin School of Gestalt Psychology
A Fictional Dialogue about an Unwritten Dissertation

Summary

The author exemplifies the congruency of essential foundations between the critical realism of the Berlin School of Gestalt Psychology (Gestalt theory) and Nicolai Hartmann’s Critical Ontology. For instance, this congruency manifests in the importance given to critical-realistic epistemology – purified from idealistic prejudices, not least prejudices such as production-theoretical ones – connected with an unconditional phenomenology. Altogether, it results in a shared critical distance from scholars of Brentano, such as Husserl and Meinong, as well as from Neo-Kantianism.

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Realistic Evaluation as both a science and as a methodology

REFERENCES 1. Pawson R, Tilley N. Realistic Evaluation. London: Sage, 1997. 2. Collier A. Critical Realism: An Introduction to Roy Bhaskar’s Philosophy. NY: Verso; 1994. 3. Linsley P, Kane R, Barker J. Evidence-based Practice for Nurses and Healthcare Professionals (4 th Ed.). London: Sage, 2019. 4. Gascoigne N. Skepticism. London: Routledge, 2014. 5. Nagel T. The View from Nowhere. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986. 6. Wainwright S, Forbes A. Philosophical Problems with Social Science Research on Health Inequalities

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Rethinking the Rethinking
The Problem of Generality in Qualitative Media Audience Research

, A. (1994) Critical Realism - An Introduction to Roy Bhaskar’s Philosophy. London: Verso. Danermark, B. Ekström, M. Jakobsen, L. and Karlsson, J.C. (2002) Explaining Society - Critical Realism in the Social Science. London: Routledge. Drotner, K. (2000) ‘Less is More: Media Ethnography and Its Limits’, In: Hagen, I. and Wasko, J., Consuming Audiences? Production and Reception in Media Research. Cresshill: Hampton Press. Glaser, B. and Strauss, A. (1967) The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative

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Nicolai Hartmanns Kritische Ontologie („wie sie als Grundlage der Gnoseologie anzustreben ist“) und der Kritische Realismus der Gestaltpsychologie („Berliner Schule“/Gestalttheorie)

Abstract

The author exemplifies the congruency of essential foundations between the critical realism of the Berlin School of Gestalt Psychology (Gestalt theory) and Nicolai Hartmann`s Critical Ontology. For instance, this congruency manifests in the importance given to critical-realistic epistemology - purified from idealistic prejudices, not least prejudices such as production-theoretical ones - connected with an unconditional phenomenology. Altogether, it results in a shared critical distance from scholars of Brentano, such as Husserl and Meinong, as well as from Neo-Kantianism.

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Beyond Contemporary Civilizational Crisis of the Human Being and the Humanities. A Chiara Lubich's Perspective

References Archer, M., S. (2006). Persons and Ultimate Concerns: Who We Are Is What We Care About, in: E. Malinvaud, M. A. Glendon (eds ). Conceptualization of the Person in Social Sciences Pontifi cal Academy of Social Sciences Eleventh Plenary Session, 18-22 November 2005, Acta 11, Vatican City, www.pass.va/content/dam/scienzesociali/pdf/acta11/acta11-archer.pdf. Archer, M., S., Collier, A., Porpora, D. (2004). Transcendence: Critical Realism and God. Routledge: London. Bakhtin, M., M. (1975). Questions of

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The Verisimilitudinarian approach to ‘the Truth’

, Dordrecht: Kluwer. Miller, D., [1974]. Popper’s qualitative theory of verisimilitude. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 25 (2), 166-177. Neuber, M., [2014]. Critical realism in perspective. In Galavotti, M., Dieks, D., Gonzales, W., Hartmann, S., Uebel, T., & Weber, M. (eds.), The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective: New Directions in the Philosophy of Science, Springer, 657-673. Niiniluoto, I., [1987]. Truthlikeness. Dordrecht: Kluwer. Niiniluoto, I., [1998]. Verisimilitude the

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“Verum Est Ipsum Factum” – True is What Has Been Made as Such

References Adler, Emanuel (1997). “Seizing the Middle Ground: Constructivism in World Politics”, European Journal of International Relations, vol. 3/3, pp. 319-363. Adler, Emanuel and Barnett, Michael (2000) “Taking Identity and Our Critics Seriously”, Cooperation and Conflict, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 321-329. Barth, Fredrik (1969) Ethnic Groups and Boundaries. Norway: Little, Brown and Company. Bhaskar, Roy (2005). Critical Realism and the Transcendental Necessity and Emancipatory Potential of

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Cultivating lived-body consciousness: Enhancing cognition and emotion through outdoor learning

theory? Critical realism and curriculum Change. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 19 (3), 221-237. Priestley, M., & Biesta, G. (2013). Introduction: The new curriculum. In M. Priestley, & G. Biesta (Eds.), Reinventing the curriculum: New trends in curriculum policy and practice (pp. 1-12). London: Bloomsbury. Quay, J. (2013). More than relations between self, others and nature: outdoor education and aesthetic experience. Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning, 13 (2), 142-157. Searle, J.R. (2002). Consciousness and

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The Challenge of Qualitative Generalisations in Communication Research

. Dahl H (1995) Nogle Erfaringer med at Operationalisere Bourdiue. Mediekultur. No. 24. Danermark, B; Ekström, M; Jakobsen, L & Karlsson J C (2002) Explaining Society. Critical Realism in the Social Sciences. London: Routledge. Drotner, K (1994) Ethnographic Enigmas: ’The Everyday’ in Recent Media Studies. Cultrual Studies. Vol. 8 (2). Elis, N (1978a) What is Sociology? London: Hutchinson. Elias, N (1978b) The Civilizing Process 1: The History of Manners. Oxford: Blackwell. Foucault, M

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Types and Systems of Actors in Regional Development: Their Function and Regulatory Potential

Critical Realism (Draft of 3 June 1999), Hertford: University of Hertfordshire. HUNTINGTON, S. (1997), The Clash of Civilizations and the Remarking of World Order , New York: Simon and Schuster. ILLNER, M. (2003), ‘The Czech Republic 1990-2001. Successful Reform at the Municipal Level and a Difficult Birth of the Intermediary Givernment, [in:] BALDERSHEIM, H., ILLNER, M. and WOLLMANN, H. (eds), Local Democracy in Post-Communist Europe , Opladen: Leske-Budrich, pp. 61-90. KOSTELECKÝ, T

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