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.M., Maniloff, J., Mayo, M.A., McGeoch, D.J., Pringle, C.R., Wickner, R.B. (Eds) - Virus Taxonomy , Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses, Academic 339 Press, New York, pp. 835-849. Erles K., C. Toomey, H. Brooks, J. Brownlie, 2003 - Detection of a group 2 coronavirus in 345 dogs with canine infectious respiratory disease. Virology 310, 216-223. Gorbalenya A. E., L. Enjuanes, J. Ziebuhr, E.J. Snijder, 2006 - Nidovirales: evolving the 354 largest RNA virus genome. Virus Res., 117, 17-37. Pedersen Niels C., 2009 - A review of feline infectious peritonitis virus

References Gates B., How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need, Kindle Edition, 2020 Figus A., Sistema Europa. L’organizzazione politica dell’Unione europea, il complesso cammino verso l’unione politica. Eurilink University Press, Rome, 2019. Web references . https

-MS/MS system for plant metabolomics. Comput Struct Biotechnol J 4: e201301011. Wang C., Horby P.W., Hayden F.G., Gao G.F. (2020): A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. The Lancet 395: 470–473.

PIŚMIENNICTWO 1. Shi Y, Wang G, Cai X-P, et al. An overview of COVID-19. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2020;21(5):343-60. 2. Balkhair AA. COVID-19 pandemic: A new chapter in the history of infectious diseases. Oman Med J. 2020;35(2):e123. 3. European centre for disease prevention and control. Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: increased transmission in the EU/ EEA and the UK – sixth update – 12 March 2020. Stockholm: ECDC; 2020. 4. Cucinotta D, Vanelli M. WHO declares COVID-19 a pandemic. Acta Biomed. 2020;91(1):157-60. 5. Pinkas J, Jankowski M

Since at least December 2019, some pneumonia cases of unknown origin were found in Wuhan, Hubei Province of China. The main manifestations of infected patients were fever, fatigue, and dry cough. Severely affected patients can rapidly develop acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, uncorrectable metabolic acidosis, coagulation dysfunction, and even death [ 1 ]. A novel coronavirus has been identified as the pathogen, and then named 2019-nCoV on January 12, 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO) and subsequently renamed as severe acute respiratory

Introduction From December 8, 2019, several cases of pneumonia of unknown cause have appeared in succession in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. The disease has rapidly spread from Wuhan to other areas, raising intense attention worldwide. [ 1 , 2 ] By January 7, 2020, a novel coronavirus (CoV) was isolated from the throat swab sample of a patient in Wuhan by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). [ 3 ] Subsequently, it was named as 2019-nCoV, and this coronavirus disease was named as COVID-19 by the World Health Organization. As of February 28

geographies of labour. London: Sage. Davis, M. 2006. Planet of Slums. London: Verso. De Soto, H. 1989. The Other Path: the economic answer to terrorism. London: Harper and Row. De Soto, H. 2001. The Mystery of Capital: why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else. London: Black Swan. Ebata, A., Mader, P., and Bloom, G. 2020. Precarious and informal work exacerbates spread of coronavirus. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies European Commission 2016. Decision (EU) 2016/344 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on establishing a

Introduction The coronavirus (CoV) belongs to the Coronaviridae family. It is an RNA virus closely related to SARS-CoV. The disease entity was named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on 11 February 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO). The International Virus Classification Commission named it Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Mutation rates of RNA viruses are greater than DNA viruses, which makes them more adaptive to any vaccination. The virus has four main structural proteins: spike (S), membrane (M), envelope (E), and

enable them to switch to new hosts ( 49 ). These newly created viruses can acquire zoonotic potential, as witnessed by the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the epidemic from Southern China in 2003 caused by SARS-CoVs. This disease, termed “atypical pneumonia”, was diagnosed in humans in 29 countries and had a nearly 10% mortality rate. In 2012, there emerged a subsequent disease caused by a novel coronavirus, the so-called Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) with even higher mortality rates. Both SARS- and MERS-CoVs crossed the species barrier from bats to

PIŚMIENNICTWO 1. Kahn JS, McIntosh K. History and recent advances in coronavirus discovery. Pediatr Infect Dis. 2005;24:223-7. 2. Zhong N, Zheng BY, Li Y, et al. Epidemiology and cause of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Guangdong. People’s Republic of China, in February, 2003. Lancet. 2003;362(9393):1353-8. 3. Wang N, Shi L, Zhang S, et al. Structure of MERS-CoV spike receptor-binding domain complexed with human receptor DPP4. Cell Res. 2013;23:986-90. 4. Lu R, Zhao X, Li J, et al. Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus