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Hyginius C. Okonkwo, Mary G. Fajonyomi, Joshua A. Omotosho, Mary O. Esere and Bolanle O. Olawuyi
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In recent years, Lithuania’s changing geopolitical environment because of the military conflict between Russia and Ukraine has increased the potential military threat that inevitably affects the subjective perception of security of the population. Based on the data from representative surveys and interviews conducted in 2014 and 2016, the article examines Lithuanians’ subjective perception of external military threats in the new geopolitical context, the impact of this perception on their coping strategies and the factors that have an impact on the selection of these strategies. The article is based on Buzan’s (1983, 1991, 2007) theoretical insights into subjective security and the sociological subjective security analysis approach of Inglehart and Norris (2012), applying it to the practically unexplored subjective response (strategies chosen by individuals) to the research into the field of military threat field. These two theoretical approaches allow the analysis of how a country’s population comprehends threats to its security amid a changing geopolitical context and the examination of the impact of different groups and approaches in society when selecting coping strategies. The article argues that the perception of security changes over time, as following the events that created the feeling of insecurity in the first place, the feeling of security again starts to rise gradually. In addition, knowledge of not only the current geopolitical context but also the historical experience is important, as in societies that have undergone radical political transformations, attitudes towards the existing democratic and former Soviet regimes play a rather major part in determining subjective security. The subjective security of different social groups and their selected coping strategies also differ, as it is the most vulnerable social groups that feel least safe. The least vulnerable social groups are most inclined to defend their country, whereas more vulnerable groups choose to be passive or to look after themselves and their families first and foremost.
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Dora Kurimay, Alison Pope-Rhodius and Miran Kondric
) and self-confidence ( Gillham et al., 2014 ; Jones, 1995 ; Mellalieu et al., 2009 ; Wagstaff et al., 2011 ), which have an impact on competitive anxiety. Using different copingstrategies can also influence the effects of stress symptoms (for example worry and heart rate). Stress can even be interpreted as facilitative and can play an important role in performing well in competitive situations ( Gillham et al., 2014 ; Mellalieu et al., 2009 ; Neil et al., 2006 ).
Sports-related coping research has found that problem-focused strategies are associated with
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Marzena Bucholc, Marta Kucharczyk, Katarzyna Kanadys, Krzysztof Wiktor and Henryk Wiktor
Introduction. The cancer of the reproductive organ, due to its specificity, is an extremely difficult situation for a woman.
Aim. The aim of the study was to answer the question what are the determinants of strategies to cope with the disease among women treated for cancer of the reproductive organ.
Material and methods. The study included 102 women treated for gynecological cancer. To assess coping strategies with disease, denoting adaptation to cancer, a Mini-Mac standardized scale of the Mental Adjustment to Cancer Diseases and the own construction questionnaire were used. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi2 test, Mann-Whitney U test, W. Shapiro-Wilk, Kruskal-Wallis tests.
Results. Research shows that most respondents coped with the disease using the strategy: the fighting spirit (FS), and positive reevaluation (PR), but to a lesser degree they applied preoccupation with anxiety (PwA) and helplessness – hopelessness strategy (HH).
Conclusions. 1. Most of the women fighting against cancer used constructive strategies, while the remaining part – the destructive ones. Choosing the type is determined by factors like the duration of the disease, the incidence of complications during treatment, subjective evaluation of how to improve the health status and satisfaction with treatment or length of hospital stay. 2. Strategies of mental adaptation significantly affect the course of treatment. The use of absorbing anxiety causes significantly more women not to feel the improvement of health and hospitalization for them is a traumatic experience. In contrast, a form of helplessness – hopelessness is associated with low satisfaction with treatment, and lack of improvement in subjective health. People who use fighting spirit were significantly more satisfied with the results of treatment.
Christian Moldjord, Jon Christian Laberg and Torbjørn Rundmo
-Being and Job Satisfaction amongst Military Personnel on unaccompanied Tours: The Impact of Perceived Social Support and CopingStrategies. Military Psychology: 16(1), 37-51.
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