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settings and governance arrangements in LEADER: looking for differences from different national and federal state related contexts . Berlin: LIT. [35] Pollermann, K., Raue, P. & Schnaut, G. (2013). Rural Development experiences in Germany: opportunities and obstacles in fostering smart places through LEADER. Studies in Agricultural Economics 115, 111–117. DOI: 10.7896/j.1228. [36] Pollermann, K., Raue, P. & Schnaut, G. (2014a). Multi-level governance in rural development: analysing experiences from LEADER for a Community-Led Local Development [CLLD]. In ERSA 2014

Abstract

The paper is based on the general concept of knowledge society and deals with regional development theories which emphasize local environment as an important part of rural development. The following two questions were studied: (1) What is the early experience of municipalities when establishing a Community School? (2) In which other municipalities would it be possible and appropriate to build such a school? For this purpose, both secondary and primary research methods were combined with data collection techniques – document study, observation, and questioning. Because the examined problem is set in the context of community-led local development (CLLD), violation of the ‘bottom-up’ approach principle is also highlighted. The paper presents the first experiences in the establishment of seven Community Schools within the Pilsen region and based on them also recommendations for the feasibility and suitability of establishing this type of school in other rural municipalities. The results show that the educational sector is not assisting in the modernization of rural schools with regard to community education and that the possibility of the contemporary and meaningful existence of schools in small rural municipalities remains ignored.

1 Introduction In the EU, in the current programming period, regional and especially local development policy puts a lot of emphasis on enabling and empowering people to take greater control over their own lives through a bottom-up development approach that involves local people in their planning. For this purpose, the instrument named Community-Led Local Development (CLLD) is used, the essence of which is the functioning of Local Action Groups (LAGs). LAGs are area-based partnerships whose presence in local governance is hardly new. They include representatives

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