Search Results

1 - 10 of 50 items :

  • "Communist society" x
Clear All


The article deals with the psychological and linguistic methods of establishing a social life and the impact of the magazines on the public consciousness in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Press provided concealed manipulation programming of the citizens′ behaviour. The whole society was imposed with the regulated values, moral imperatives and ideals via indoctrination, pressure and attack. Mass zombing was considerably played by “the new language” which implemented the basic notions of the totalitarian ideology. Transforming of citizens′ consciousness was possible by manipulating with their interests and desires. In this way the run of social processes was regulated. Russification, denationalization and destroying of national memory took place. Having no alternative a person was transformed into a system cog. Thus the aim of the article is to specify the influence of the journal periodicals in 1950- 1980s by psycho-linguistic means on forming the necessary concept of “a Soviet person”. The following methods were used: concrete historical and sociological press analysis, systematic and comparative analysis as well as generalization of contents and subjects of the magazines, analysis of political impact factors on magazines transformation as the mean of forming public consciousness, content analysis for stating the level of ideological partiality in the magazines and the frequency of usage of the ideological words in magazine texts and peculiarity of their combinability. Content analysis indicators are received by calculation on the sectional observation material. The basis of the empirical research is four public-political magazines “Ukrayina” (“Ukraine”), “Vitchyzna” (“Motherland”), “Zhovten’” (“October”), “Radyans’ka Zhinka” (“Soviet Woman”) and two children’s magazines “Barvinok” (“Periwinkle”) and “Malyatko”2 (“Baby”) of the 1950-1980s.


This study aims to highlight the problem of justice in Karl Marx’s vision from the perspective of the critique of capitalism. Although, there is a strong dialectic in the socio-political and philosophical debates among political thinkers (including Marxists) on the existence or non-existence of a theory of justice in Marxism, the exegesis of Marxist writings reveals two types of justice (“Justice through fair distribution and Justice through the dictatorship of the proletariat”). The first aspect the study proposes is to reinforce and argue for the existence of a Marxist theory of Justice, followed by a critical analysis of how this is reflected in both socialist and communist society.

References Almond, Gabriel, G. Bingham Powell, Jr., Kaare Strom and Russell J. Dalton. 2003. Comparative Politics Today. A World View. New York: Longman. Bădescu, Gabriel. 2003. Social Trust and Democratization in Post- Communist Societies. In Social Capital and the Transition to Democracy, eds. Gabriel Bădescu and Eric M. Uslaner, 120-139. New York: Routledge. Bjornlund, Eric C. 2004. Beyond Free and Fair. Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy. Washington: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. Carothers, Thomas. 1996. Assesing Democracy Assistance: The Case of

Soviet and Post - Soviet Politisc , Oxford 1993. Dilas M., Die neue Klasse, München 1957. [ Te new class ]. Linz J. J., Totalitäre und Autoritäre Regime, Berlin 2000. [ Totalitarian and authoritarian regimes ]. Rose R., Mishler W., Haepfer C., 1998: Democracy and its alternatives: understanding post-communists societies, Cambridge 1998. Radajew W., Szkaratan O., Socijalnaja stratifkacija, Moskwa 1995 [ Social data ]. Skilling G., Groups in Soviet Politics. Some Hipotheses, [in:] Interest Groups in Soviet Politics , G. Skilling, F. Grifths (eds.), Princeton

Public Opinion 18 (1): 31–48. Cook, Karen S. – Hardin, Russell – Levi, Margaret (2005): Cooperation without Trust? New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Drechsler, W. (2005): The Re-Emergence of “Weberian” Public Administration aft er the Fall of New Public Management: The Central and Eastern European Perspective. Halduskultuur 6: 94–108. Elster, Jon – Offe, Claus – Preuss, Ulrich K. (1998): Institutional Design in Post-communist Societies: Rebuilding the Ship at Sea . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. European Commission, Eurobarometer: available at http

Evolution and Democratization in Post-Communist Societies": 9-40. In: Karol Jakubowicz and Miklós Sükösd, eds. Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in a Global Perspective. Bristol: IntellectBooks, 2008. Landsbergis, Vytautas. Žmogaus kokybė. Lietuvos teisėtvarkos mįslės (Quality of a Man. Puzzles of Lithuanian Law and Order). Vilnius, 2010. Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucinio Teismo nutarimas Dėl Lietuvos Respublikos Visuomenės informavimo įstatymo 8 straipsnio ir 14 straipsnio 3 dalies atitikties Lietuvos Respublikos

. 1, pp. 77-97. Maloney, W., Rossteutscher, S., eds. 2007. Social Capital and Associations in European Democracies, Routledge, p. 308. McLaverty, P., 2011. Participation. In M. Bevir, ed. 2011. The Sage Handbook of Governance. London: Sage, pp. 402-418. Mishler W., Rose R., 2001. What are the origins of political trust? Testing institutional and cultural theories in post-communist societies. Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 30-62 Newton, K., 2009. Social and political trust. In: R. Dalton, H.-D. Klingemann, eds. 2009. The Oxford Handbook of

:// (23August2018). Jarmara, Tomáš (2011): TOP09 a Věci veřejné v kontextu institucionalizace českých politických stran po roce 1989. Politologická revue 17 (1): 56–74. Just, Petr – Charvát, Jakub (2016): Business-Firm Parties and the Czech Party System after 2010. Politics in Central Europe 12 (3): 83–110. Karklins, Rasma (2005): The System Made Me Do It. Corruption In Post-Communist Societies , M. E. Sharpe. Keman, Hans – Krouwel, André (2006): The Rise of a New Political Class? Emerging New Parties and the Populist Challenge in Western Europe , Vrije

. A. R. (1956): The Future of Socialism . London: Jonathan Cape. Curry, J. L. – Urban, J. B. (2003): The Left Transformed in Post ‑ Communist Societies: the Cases of East ‑ Central Europe, Russia, and Ukraine . Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. Däubler, T. – Benoit, K. – Mikhaylov, S. – Laver, M. (2012): Natural Sentences as Valid Units for Coded Political Texts. British Journal of Political Science 42(4): 937–951. doi:10.1017/ S0007123412000105 Delwit, P. (c2005): Social Democracy in Europe . Bruxelles: Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles. Hloušek, V

Postcommunist Class Identities, Politics & Society 28 (4): 503–530. Padgett, Stephen (1999): Tripartism Without Corporatism: Organized Interests the State and Public Policy in Postcommunist Eastern Germany, unpublished paper, European Consortium for Political Research, Mannheim. Padgett, Stephen (2000): Organizing Democracy in Eastern Germany; Interest Groups in Post-Communist Society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pinková, Aneta (2011): Z aměstnavatelské a podnikatelské organizace v ČR: Prosazování organizovaných zájmů , Brno: CDK. Reutter, Werner (1996