) in colonialIndia was one of the glorious mega projects for measuring the Indian subcontinent with high precision. The GTS of India was started by William Lambton on 10 th April, 1802 with the measurement of a baseline near Madras (now Chennai). Lambton selected a plain surface to measure the baseline of 7.5 miles in length bounded by St. Thomas’ Mount to the north and Perumbauk hill to the south and finally completed this work on 22 nd May, 1802 ( Markham 1878 ). The accuracy of the determination of the longitude of Madras was maintained with the highest
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Ian J. Kerr
HoST - Journal of History of Science and Technology 12, pp. 31-74
32 The Transfer of Railway Technologies
This is a paper about the transfer of railway technology within the British Empire.
Railway construction in colonialIndia, circa 1850 forward provides the substantive
focus with the occasional mention of other British colonies in Asia and Africa.1 Similar
to Dutch civil engineering in colonial Indonesia the examples in this paper show that
the transfer of railway technologies to imperial
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