Search Results

1 - 10 of 69 items :

  • "City region" x
Clear All
City-region governance in transitional contexts: the case of the BRICS

-reaching changes in the fundamentals of their economic and/or political systems since the 1980s. In all cases, too, the transitions have either been away from (different forms of) socialism or from variants of colonial rule. In this contribution I start with a brief account of the literatures on transitions, and on post-colonialism/post-socialism, before introducing the challenge of the city-region. I then describe the national transitions in each of the BRICS before discussing the changing landscape of city-region governance. I conclude with a reflection on how national

Open access
Neue ökonomische Kerne in nordrhein-westfälischen Stadtregionen: Postsuburbanisierung und Restrukturierung kernstädtischer Räume

urban region: a closer inspection Regional Studies 38 3 231 240 Parr, J. B. (2005): Perspectives on the city region. In: Regional Studies 39, 5, 555–566. Parr J. B. 2005 Perspectives on the city region Regional Studies 39 5 555 566 Phelps, N. A. (2004): Clusters, dispersion and the spaces in between: for an economic geography of the banal. In: Urban Studies 41, 5/6, 971–989. Phelps N. A. 2004 Clusters, dispersion and the spaces in between: for an economic geography of the banal Urban Studies 41 5 6 971–989 Phelps, N. A. (2010

Open access
Regional Government and Regional Planning in the Hanover Region

Abstract

The Hanover Region was created in 2001 as a new type of urban regional body. The article deals with the conditions and goals of this administrative reform. It examines factors that contributed to the success of the reform. It is emphasised that above all the region’s predecessors’ more than three decades of experience with regional tasks were crucial. Also important was the fact that the region was initiated by three ‘doers’ from the local level, starting a bottom-up process. Crucial for the region’s profile is solidarity between the municipalities with their different economic and social structures. This is guaranteed by the contribution that all municipalities pay to the region. The article also deals with the regional planning principles in the Hanover Region, which has attempted to prepare and maintain a comprehensive physical structure. It is pointed out that the main advantage of the Hanover Region is that there is political responsibility at the regional level with directly elected politicians

Open access
Zur Quantifizierung von Reurbanisierungstendenzen

Zusammenfassung

Der Beitrag beschreibt räumlich-demographische Prozesse in der Stadtregion Hamburg und sucht dabei Antworten auf die Fragen, inwieweit die Veränderungsprozesse tatsächlich eine stabile (Re)Konzentration von Bevölkerung in verkehrssparsamen, das heißt funktionsgemischten und gut an den öffentlichen Verkehr angebundenen Räumen bewirken und ob zumindest Ansätze neuer Stadtaffinität zu entdecken sind. Ausgehend von dem Befund, dass in Hamburg Reurbanisierung nach verschiedenen Konzepten messbar ist, werden die Wanderungsmuster der Bevölkerung in der Stadtregion anhand von Daten der amtlichen Statistik genauer untersucht. So wird ersichtlich, dass der Bevölkerungsgewinn der Stadt bzw. die Bevölkerungskonzentration in der Stadt dadurch entsteht, dass sie Einwohner von außerhalb der Region – vorwiegend aus Städten – gewinnt und die Stadtbewohner seltener ins Umland ziehen. Die Ursache für die innerregionalen Veränderungsprozesse ist das veränderte Wanderungsverhalten von Personen über 30 Jahren und Kindern sowie Kohorteneffekte der über 45-Jährigen, während die Bildungswanderer und Berufseinsteiger (18- bis 29-Jährige) als Träger des zunehmenden überregionalen Austauschs bezeichnet werden können. Diese empirischen Befunde stützen bestehende Thesen zu Ursachen der Reurbanisierung. Besonders hervorzuheben ist, dass die quantitativen Daten auch der These von ,Alten' als Träger der Reurbanisierung entsprechen.

Open access
Polyzentralität in Deutschland – Eine vergleichende Untersuchung für drei Stadtregionen

Zusammenfassung

Der Beitrag greift die aktuellen Diskussionen zu polyzentrischen Siedlungsstrukturen auf und visualisiert diese neuen Raummuster vergleichend für die drei Stadtregionen Köln/Bonn, Östliches Ruhrgebiet und Leipzig/Halle. Dazu werden jeweils drei Karten zum Zentren- und Standortsystem, zum Wohnen und zum Pendeln in polyzentrischen Stadtregionen vorgestellt und erläutert. Im Ergebnis zeigt sich die Raumstruktur der drei Stadtregionen als ein Resultat längerfristiger Entwicklungen, bei der die traditionellen Siedlungskerne weiterhin eine hohe Bedeutung haben. Eine Auflösung der Städte hin zu einer dispersen Stadtlandschaft ist in den drei Stadtregionen nur ansatzweise zu erkennen.

Open access
Methodological Background of Post-Soviet Regionalism: The Case of Ukraine

–1318. Mitchell, L. (2009), Production Management for Television, London & New York: Routledge. Rodríguez-Pose, A. (2008), ‘The rise of the “City-Region” concept and its development policy implications,’ European Planning Studies, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1025–1046. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09654310802315567 Scannell, P. (2008), Media and Communication, London: Sage Publications. Storper, M. (1997), The Regional World: Territorial Development in a Global Economy, New York & London: The Guilford Press.

Open access
“Disorganised Devolution”: Reshaping Metropolitan Governance in England in a Period of Austerity

increasingly identified the city-region as a more appropriate scale for policy integration and delivery than the region. More recently, the policy debate on sub-national governance within England has been further developed through the focus of post-2010 Governments on devolving economic and social responsibilities down to cities and their wider sub-regions through a raft of different mechanisms including city deals, devolution deals, combined authorities and directly-elected mayors ( House of Commons 2015a ; House of Commons 2015b ). The post-2015 UK Government have

Open access
Returns to Education During and After the Economic Crisis: Evidence from Latvia 2006–2012

Abstract

We employ EU-SILC micro data for Latvia to study how returns to education changed during the economic crisis of 2008–2009 and afterwards. We found that returns to education increased significantly during the crisis and decreased slightly during the subsequent economic recovery. The counter-cyclical effect was evident in nearly all population groups. After the crisis, education became more associated than before with a longer working week and a higher employment probability. Furthermore, we show that returns to education in Latvia are generally higher in the capital city and its suburbs than outside the capital city region, as well as for citizens of Latvia than for resident non-citizens and citizens of other countries, but lower for males and young people. Wage differential models reveal a relatively large wage premium for higher education and a rather small one for secondary education. Estimates obtained with instrumental variable (IV) models significantly exceed the OLS estimates.

Open access
Compact and Resource Efficient Cities? Synergies and Trade-offs in European Cities

Abstract

Cities are the main consumers of energy and resources but at the same time are considered as centres for innovation which can provide solutions to unsustainable development. An important concept regarding energy and resource efficiency on the scale of the city and city-region is the compact city. Compact cities and compact urban development are thought to decrease energy and resource demand per capita and increase efficiency. At the same time trade-offs and potential rebound effects of increased resource efficiency question certain achievements of a compact urban structure. This paper reviews aspects of resource and energy efficiency in compact city development in a European context. We conclude that, if the idea of the compact city should have any effect on resource and energy efficiency, accompanying measures have to be implemented, such as e.g. efficient public transport systems to offer alternative travel modes. Also the allocation of efficiency gains due to compact urban development has to be taken into account in order to avoid direct and indirect rebound effects.

Open access
Spatial differences in the level of population and settlement development in Wielkopolskie voivodship (1)

teoretyczne geografii (Methodological and theoretical foundations of geography - in Polish), Poznań: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe. Holzer, J.Z., 2003: Demografia (Demography - in Polish), Warszawa: PWE. Jakóbczyk-Gryszkiewicz, J., 2011: Wybrane aspekty procesów suburbanizacji w regionie miejskim Łodzi (Selected aspects of urbanization proces in the city region of Lodz - in Polish). In: Kaczmarek, S. editor, Miasto, Księga jubileuszowa w 70. rocznicę urodzin Profesora Stanisława Liszewskiego, Łódź: Uniwersytet Łódzki, pp. 117

Open access