1. Deshmukh CD, Jain A, Tambe MS. Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of Citrulluslanatus (Thunb). Biolife 2015; 3(2):483-488. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17812/blj2015.32.18
2. Mehra M, Pasricha V, Gupta R. Estimation of nutritional, phytochemical and antioxidant activity of seeds of musk melon ( Cucumis melo ) and water melon ( Citrulluslanatus ) and nutritional analysis of their respective oils. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2015; 3(6):98-102.
3. Tabiri B, Agbenorhevi JK, Wireko-Manu FD, Ompouma EI. Watermelon seeds as food: nutrient
Fouad Mohamed, Khalid El-Hamed, Mohammed Elwan and Mennat-Allah Hussien
Impact of Grafting on Watermelon Growth, Fruit Yield and Quality
Grafting is an alternative approach to reduce crop damage resulting from soil-borne pathogens and increases plant abiotic stress tolerance, which in turn increases crop production. The purpose of this study was to determine whether grafting could improve plant growth and fruit quality of watermelon through monitoring the changes induced by different rootstock-scion combinations. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) cv. Aswan F1 was grafted into five rootstocks (Nun 6001 F1, Strongtosa F1, Tetsukabuto F1, Ferro F1 and Shintoza F1) hybrids between Cucurbita maxima and Cucurbita moschata. Highest vegetative growth and fruit yield were obtained by ‘Nun 6001 F1’ as a rootstock using the tongue approach method. Grafting reduced significantly sex ratio by reducing the number of male flowers. Grafting increased significantly lycopene content in fruit flesh by 57% over the control treatment, but did not affect soluble solids content (SSC). One third of the control non-grafted plants died and Fusarium oxysporum was isolated as the responsible pathogen. These results indicate that grafting watermelon onto specific rootstock influences growth, productivity, and quality of the fruit as well as disease resistance. Grafting can be suggested as an alternative method to control of Fusarium wilt in watermelon production.
Ehiokhilen Kevin Eifediyi, Samson Uduzei Remison, Henry Emeka Ahamefule, Kameel Olubukola Azeez and Phillip Olumide Fesobi
Tithonia manure. International Journal of Science and Nature 1, 7–11.
 Enujeke, E. C., Ojeifo, I. M, Nnaji, G. U. (2013), Residual effects of organic manure and inorganic fertilizer on maize grain weight and some soil properties in Asaba area of Delta State. International Journal of Advanced Biological Research 3, 433–442.
 Aniekwe, G., Nwokwu, L. (2014), Impact of different mulching materials on the growth and yield of watermelon (Citrulluslanatus) in Abakaliki. Southeastern Nigeria Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 4, 22
D. Fekete, M. Stéger-Máté, V. Bőhm, G. Balázs and N. Kappel
The experiment was carried out in three regions in Hungary (Jászszentandrás, Cece, Újkígyós) in 2013 to determine the fruit quality of grafted watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thunb.). The “RX 467” seedless watermelon variety was grafted on two commercial rootstocks “FR STRONG” [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.] and “RS 841” (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne × Cucurbita moschata Duchesne). The lycopene and flesh colours are important quality characteristics even of the selfrooted and grafted watermelon. Some differences can be attributed to different environments, technological methods and to the type of rootstockscion combination. Lycopene is a strong antioxidant; therefore, we considered to examine the content change. Regardless of growing location, the lycopene concentration and the chroma (C*) showed the best result in the case of interspecific rootstock. The result also showed that in two regions (Jászszentandrás, Cece) we can find negative correlation between the lycopene concentration and the L* value of the flesh colour.
This review provides a summary of haploid induction methods and factors affecting the efficacy of specific methodologies as applied to cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), melon (Cucumis melo L.), watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai), winter squash (Cucurbita maxima Duch. ex Lam.), summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) and other cucurbits. This report is focused on studies that were carried out during the last 20 years.
The main objective of the research on the production of haploid cucurbit plants is to accelerate breeding programs through the use of homozygous double haploid lines (DHL) and to facilitate the selection of desired (e.g. disease-resistant) genotypes for breeding. Unfortunately, currently used protocols result in a low number of double haploids (DH). The most common and best-known method of obtaining haploid cucurbit plants is via pollination with irradiated pollen, which induces parthenogenetic development of haploid embryos in planta. The embryos are extracted from immature seeds and cultured in vitro to facilitate the maturation and development of plants. The studies described below were primarily aimed at the determination of an appropriate dose of radiation and the evaluation of the impact of the genotype and the time of year on the number of haploid embryos and plants obtained.
A less popular method of haploid production - ovule and ovary culture - is based on in vitro gynogenesis. The studies related to this method concentrated on optimising the composition of the medium and pre-treatment conditions (primarily temperature) to which the flower buds were subjected.
Recently, increasing attention has been paid to anther and microspore culture. As in the case of in vitro ovule and ovary culture, the medium composition and flower bud pre-treatment conditions were optimised. The most recent studies suggest that anther culture is comparable in effectiveness to the irradiated pollen technique.
Ibrahim Adeshina, Ramatu Abdulkareem Sani, Yusuf Adetunji Adewale, Lateef Oloyede Tiamiyu and Samuel Bem Umma
fingerlings fed Citrulluslanatus seed meal as a replacement for soybean meal. Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research, 1, 1, 49-56.
Tiamiyu, L. O., Ayuba, V. O., Okomoda, V. T., Umar S. (2014): Effect of various levels of raw Citrulluslanatus seed meal diets on growth performance of Cyprinus carpio finger-lings. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7, 4, 269-274.
Tiamiyu, L. O., Ayuba, V. O., Okomoda, V. T., Umar, S. (2016): Growth response of Cyprinus carpio fingerlings fed diets containing hydrothermally processed Citrullus
A.Z. Khan, T. Shah, S. Khan, A. Rehman, H. Akbar, A. Muhammad and S.K. Khalil
. & Grierson, D. (1984). The effect of low temperature pre-sowing treatment under the germination performance and membrane integrity of artificially aged tomato seeds. J.Exp.Bot., 35: 1609-1617.
Demir, I. & van de Venter, H.A. (1999). The effect of priming treatments on the performance of watermelon ( Citrulluslanatus (Thunb.) Matsum and Nakai) seeds under temperature and osmotic stress. Seed Sci.Technol., 27(3): 871-875.
Demir, I. & Oztokat, C. (2003). Effect of salt priming on germination and seedling growth at low temperatures in watermelon seeds
 Jarret R. L., Levy I. J. Oil and Fatty Acid Contents in Seed of Citrulluslanatus Schrad. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2012:60(20):5199-5204. doi:10.1021/jf300046f
 Hussain A. I. et al. Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad (bitter apple fruit): A review of its phytochemistry, pharmacology, traditional uses and nutritional potential. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2014:155(1):54-66. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2014.06.011
 Mehta A. et al. Antimycobacterial activity of Citrullus
and water use of onion (Allium cepa L.). African Journal of Biotechnology, 10:2644-2652, 2011.
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SIMSEK M., KACIRA M., TONKAZ T.: The effects of different drip irrigation regimes on watermelon [Citrulluslanatus (Thunb.)] yield and yield