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Cultivation Of Microalgae (Chlorella vulgaris) For Biodiesel Production

References: 1. MORONEY, J. V., YNALVEZ, R. A. I. 2009. Algal Photosynthesis . Chichester: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Available on: http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0000322.html 2. RASHID, N. et al. 2014. Current status, issues and developments in microalgae derived biodiesel production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews , Vol. 40 , p.760–778. 3. DAHIYA, A. 2014. In Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuel. 1.st edition. pp. 219-238. 4. AL-LWAYZY, S. H. et al. 2014. Biofuels from the fresh water microalgae chlorella vulgaris

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Investigation on Physicochemical Properties of Wastewater Grown Microalgae Methyl Ester and its Effects on CI Engine

-lwayzy S. H., Yusaf T., Al-Juboori R. A. Biofuels from the fresh water microalgae Chlorella vulgaris (FWM-CV) for diesel engines. Energies 2014:7(3):1829–1851. https://doi.org/10.3390/en7031829 [15] Rodolfi L., Zittelli G. C., Bassi N., Padovani G., Biondi N., Bonini G., Tredici M. R. Microalgae for oil: Strain selection, induction of lipid synthesis and outdoor mass cultivation in a low-cost photobioreactor. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 2009:102(1):100–112. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.22033 [16] Chan Y., Jun S.-Y., Lee J.-Y., Ahn C.-Y., Oh H

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Phycoremediation of Wastewater: Heavy Metal and Nutrient Removal Processes

Abstract

Phycoremediation is the use of algae for the removal or biotrans-formation of pollutants from wastewater. The study is a novel at-tempt to integrate nutrient (N and P) removal and some heavy met-als (iron, manganese and zinc) bioaccumulation from municipal wastewater using two microalgae species: Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus armatus. The Chlorella vulgaris showed higher re-moval of total nitrogen (TN) both in influent and effluent waste water than Scenedesmus armatus. Nevertheless, more than 51% of total phosphorus (TP) in effluent and 36% in influent wastewaters were removed by Scenedesmus armatus. More efficient microalga in heavy metal removal in influent wastewater was Scenedesmus armatus. The results showed that Chlorella vulgaris was appropriate for TN removal and bioaccumulation of heavy metals from effluent wastewater. Nevertheless, Scenedesmus armatus was highly pref-erable for heavy metals removal from influent wastewater.

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Effect of Feeding with Algae on Fatty Acid Profile of Goat’S Milk

Abstract

The study was conducted to determine whether the inclusion of algae Chlorella vulgaris in dairy goats’ diets would change the fatty acid profile and increase the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids in goat’s milk. White short-haired dairy goats on 2nd and 3rd lactations were fed 5 and 10 g of dried algae supplementation for six weeks. The fatty acids profile of milk was analyzed using gass chromatography (flame ionization detector (FID)). The addition of dried algae caused changes of the profile of fatty acids in the milk. The more algae were added to the diet, the greater the changes in the fatty acids profile of milk were found. A statistically significant effect (P = 0.0390) was found between the control group and the group supplemented with 10 g of Chlorella vulgaris per goat per day. The greatest effect of dietary treatment was seen in the relative reduction of palmitic acid content and increased oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids content. Results suggested that the addition of algae also increased the nutritional quality of goat’s milk. There was a positive change in the ratio of SFA:MUFA:PUFA in terms of reducing the proportion of saturated fatty acids, as well as a change in the ratio of n-6 and n-3 PUFAs

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Evaluation of Usefulness of the Designed Laboratory Photobioreactor for Microalgae Cultivation in Controlled Conditions

Abstract

The objective of the paper was to analyse the use of the designed photobioreactor for freshwater microalgae cultivation in the controlled laboratory conditions. The work covered the design and construction of photobioreactors (PBR) and setting up comparative cultivations of freshwater microalgae chlorelli vulgaris along with determination of the biomass growth intensity for a varied amount of supplied culture medium. It was found out that the constructed PBR may be used for microalgae cultivation in the controlled conditions. The impact of the culture medium amount on the growth of chlorelli vulgaris was proved. As a result of the increase of culture medium concentration to 30.1-120.4 ml·l−1 of water, dry mass in photobioreactorsincreased respectively from 1.33 g·dm−3 to 4.68 g·dm−3.

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Effects of Microalgae Species on In Vitro Rumen Fermentation Pattern and Methane Production

fermentation gas accumulation of de-oiled algal residues. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 5: 31. Horwitz W. (1975). Official Methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, AOAC, Washington, DC, USA. Isaac A.R., Johnson W.C. (1998). Elemental Determination by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry, Handbook of Reference Methods for Plant Analysis. Ed. Karla, Y.P. – CRC Press, Washington, D.C., pp.165–170. Kholif A., Morsy T., Matloup O., Anele U., Mohamed A., El-Sayed A. (2017). Dietary Chlorella vulgaris microalgae

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Azonaphthalene dyes decolorization and detoxification by laccase from Trametes versicolor

sunset yellow (E-110), bordeaux red (E-123), and tatrazine yellow (E-102) on Allium cepa L. root meristematic cells. J. Food Sci. Technol. 33: 218-223. Hazuchová M, Chmelová D, Ondrejovič M (2017) The optimization of propagation medium for the increase of laccase production by the white-rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. Nova Biotechnol. Chim. 16: 113-123. Hernandéz-Zamora M, Perales-Vela HV, Flores-Ortíz CM, Cañizares-Villanueva RO (2014) Physiological and biochemical responses of Chlorella vulgaris to Congo red. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf

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Evaluation of Algae Farming Using the Chlorella Bioassay

REFERENCES Abrous, O., Benhassaine Kesri, G., Tremolieres, A., Mazijak, P. (1998): Effect of norflurazon on lipid metabolism in soya seedlings. Photochemistry, 49, 979-985. Barclay, W.R., Meager, K.M., Abril J.R. (1994): Heterotrophic production of long chain omega-3 fatty acids utilizing algae and algae-like microorganisms. Journal of Applied Phycology, 6, 2, 123-129. Barghbani, R., Rezaei, K., Javanshir, A. (2012): Investigating the Effects of Several Parameters on the Growth of Chlorella vulgaris Using Taguchi’s Experimental Approach

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Characterisation Of Polysacharides And Lipids From Selected Green Algae Species By FTIR-ATR Spectroscopy

algae. Plant Physiol. Biochem. , 43 (7), pp. 717–26. 7. GIORDANO, M., KANSIZ, M., HERAUD, P., BEARDALL, J., WOOD, B., MCNAUGHTON, D. 2001. Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy as a novel tool to investigate changes in intracellular macromolecular pools in the marine microalga Chaetoceros muellerii ( Bacillariophyceae ). J. Phycol. , 37 (2), pp. 271–279. 8. DUYGU, D. 2012. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy for identification of Chlorella vulgaris Beijerinck 1890 and Scenedesmus obliquus (Turpin) Kützing 1833, African J. Biotechnol

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Antioxidative Responses of Microalgae to Heavy Metals

. Physiological characterization of cadmium-exposed Chlamydomonas reinhardtii . Plant Cell Environ. 34: 2071-2082. D resler S., H anaka , A., B ednarek , W. & M aksymiec W. 2014. Accumulation of low-molecular-weight organic acids in roots and leaf segments of Zea mays plants treated with cadmium and copper. Acta Physiol. Plant. 36: 1565-1575. E l -N aggar A. H. & E l -S heekh M. M. 1998. Abolishing cadmium toxicity in Chlorella vulgaris by ascorbic acid, calcium, glucose and reduced glutathione. Environ. Pollut. 101: 169-174. F argašová A. 2012

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