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Retrospective study of 37 Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs diagnosed with Chiari-like malformation and Syringomyelia

Introduction Chiari-like malformation (CM) is an anomaly characterized by the occipital hypoplasia, therefore a reduced volume of the caudal cranial fossa, leading to cerebellar herniation through foramen magnum, and sometimes also the brainstem. Secondary to this, the cerebrospinal fluid is obstructed, leading to the development of Syringomyelia - fluid filled cavities within the spinal cord ( 1 ). In the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS) these conditions are frequently diagnosed, some studies suggesting that CM is inherited in this breed ( 2 , 3

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Syringomyelia and Chiari Malformation in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels – Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Pharmacological and Surgical Treatment

resonance imaging as a useful tool for the selection of pharmacological and surgical treatment options for canine hydrocephalus. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2012, 56, 389-391. 4. Rusbridge C., Greitz D., Iskandar B.J.: Syringomyelia: current concepts in pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. J Vet Intern Med 2006, 20 , 469-479. 5. Rusbridge C.: Chiari-like malformation with syringomyelia in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: long - term outcome after surgical management. Vet Surg 2007, 36 , 396-405. 6. Wacławska-Matyjasik A

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