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References Alerstam T. 1993. Bird migration. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge. Baran M., Gwiazda R. 2006. [ Waders Charadrii of Dobczycki dam reservoir- migration dynamics, species structure and numbers depending on the water level. ] Chrońmy Przyrodę Ojczystą 62, 4: 11-35. (In Polish). Cieślak M., Czapulak A., Krogulec J. 1991. Birds of nature reserve "Przemków Ponds" and its surroundings. Ptaki Śląska 8: 54-100. Cramp, S., Simmons, K. E. L. (Eds). 1983. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. The Birds of the Western Palearctic

References Avifaunistic Commision. 2006. List of the national avifauna http://www.biol.uni.wroc.pl/komfaun Bocheński M., Czechowski P., Jerzak L. 2006. Migrations of waders (Charadrii) in the middle Odra valley (W Poland). Ring 28, 1: 3-18. Dyrcz A., Kołodziejczyk P., Martini K., Martini M. 1998. Birds of Mietków Reservoir . Ptaki Śląska 12: 17-80. Gromadzka J. 1998. Wader ringing at the Vistula mouth (Baltic coast, Poland) — a summary of the long-term studies . Ring 20, 1-2: 5-20. Grzywaczewski G., Kołodziejczyk P., Mazur M., Miazga M., Piskorski M

  12 : 17-80. Gramsz B. 1991. Breeding birds of Podgórzyn fish-ponds in 1981-1983. Ptaki Śląska   8 : 109-117. Gromadzka J., Zieliński M. 1996. Ringing of waders (Charadrii) at the Vistula River mouth in 1995-1996. Not. Orn.   37 : 344-351. Janiszewski T., Włodarczyk R., Bargiel R., Grzybek J., Kaliński A., Lesner B., Mielczarek S. 1998. Birds of the Jeziorsko reservoir in 1986-1996. Not. Orn. 39, 3: 121-150. Jędro G., Bocheński M., Czechowski P., Kosmala M., Rubacha S., Stepek D. 2004. Numerous flocks of Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria and Lapwing Vanellus

Abstract

Twelve birds species of the suborder Charadrii of the families Charadriidae, Recurvirostridae, Scolopacidae, Glareolidae were examined at Syvash Lake (Ukraine) in spring 2011. Cestodes were found in 82.1 % of examined birds. Seventeen cestode species of 6 families were found. Aploparaksis octacantha from Calidris alpinà and Echinocotyloides dubininae from C. ferruginea are new geographical records for the first time in Ukraine. Glareola pratincola is a new host record for Nadejdolepis paranitidulans. Cestodes of the genus Microsomacanthus were found in waders apparently due to the infection (2.8 %) in their intermediate hosts, gammarid crustaceans.

of homoeothermy origin and development, with avian energetics as a case study. Journal of General Biology, 73 (2), 88-113 [In Russian]. Hobson, K. A., Jehl, J. R. 2010. Arctic waders and the capital-income continuum: Further tests using isotopic contrasts of egg components. Journal Avian Biology, 41, 565-572. Kam, J., Ens, B., Piersma, Th ., Zwarts, L., 2004. Shorebirds. An illustrated behavioural ecology. KNNV Publishers, 1-367. Kharchenko, L. P., Lykova, I. A. 2013. Lymphoid structures of the waders’ digestive tract (Charadrii). The Journal of V. N. Karazin

–99. Kovtun, M. F., Lykova, I. O., Kharchenko, L. P. 2018. The Plasticity and Morphofunctional Organization of the Digestive System of Waders (Charadrii) as Migrants. Vestnik Zoologii , 52 (5), 417–428. Kreps, Y. M. 1981. Cell membrane lipids . Nauka, Leningrad, 1–339 [In Russian]. Lakin G. F. 1990. Biometrics . Vol. 2. Vysshaya shkola, Moscow, 1–351 [In Russian]. Lehninger, A. 1985. Principles of Biochemistry . Mir, Moscow, 1–368 [In Russian]. Lykova, I. O. 2014. Dynamics of digestive morphometric parameters of waders at migratory stopover sites. Biology and

of autumn migration of Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) at the Gulf of Gdańsk. Ring 18, 1-2: 1-2. Meissner W. 1997a. Timing and phenology of autumn migration of Wood Sandpiper (Triga glareola) at the Gulf of Gdańsk. Ring 19, 1-2: 75-91. Meissner W. 1997b. Autumn migration and biometrics of the Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) caught in the Gulf of Gdańsk. Ornis Fenn.   74 : 131-139. Meissner W. 2001. Migrational strategies of the waders (Charadrii) of the Northern Palearctic. Wiad. Ekol.   47 : 119-141. Meissner W., Sikora A. 1995. Spring and autumn

features and origin. Zool. J., 78: 643–653 [8] Canaris, A. G., Kinsella, J. M. (2001): Helminth parasites in six species of shorebirds (Charadrii) from the coast of Belize. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 96: 827–830 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762001000600015 [9] Canaris, A.G., Kinsella, J.M., Brady, R. (2003): Helminth parasites communities in two species of shorebirds (Charadrii) from Namibia. Comp. Parasitol., 70: 155–161 http://dx.doi.org/10.1654/4069 [10] Cremonte, F., Digiani, M. C., Bala, L. O., Navone, G. T. (2001): Tetrameres (Tetrameres

Pattern of Post-Juvenile Moult in Common Snipe (Gallinago Gallinago) and Its Implications for Ageing of the Species

External ageing of Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) still engenders considerable problems. To improve precision of age determination on the basis of plumage characteristics a scheme of post-juvenile moult was investigated in approximately 1200 first-year Common Snipes caught during autumn migration in central Poland. Post-juvenile moult was commenced from body feathers followed by moult of rectrices, lesser/median wing coverts and tertials. Moult sequence showed high inter-individual variability and was started in rectrices (36.9%), wing coverts (25.3%), tertials (8.4%) or simultaneously in several of these tracts of feathers (29.4%). Moult of rectrices was finished before completion of moult of wing coverts and tertials. Moult of tertials finished as the last from all age-indicative tracts of feathers. Consequently, tertials were suggested as the most useful for ageing of first-year Common Snipes in an advanced stage of moult. There was no case of moult of the outermost tertial in first-year birds. The second tertial from distal side of wing was moulted as the last one within this tract of feathers and thereby should be of special interest during plumage examination.