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Retrospective study of 37 Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs diagnosed with Chiari-like malformation and Syringomyelia

Introduction Chiari-like malformation (CM) is an anomaly characterized by the occipital hypoplasia, therefore a reduced volume of the caudal cranial fossa, leading to cerebellar herniation through foramen magnum, and sometimes also the brainstem. Secondary to this, the cerebrospinal fluid is obstructed, leading to the development of Syringomyelia - fluid filled cavities within the spinal cord ( 1 ). In the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS) these conditions are frequently diagnosed, some studies suggesting that CM is inherited in this breed ( 2 , 3

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Syringomyelia and Chiari Malformation in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels – Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Pharmacological and Surgical Treatment

References 1. Cerda-Gonzalez S., Olby N.J., McCullough S., Pease A.P., Broadstone R., Osborne J.A.: Morphology of the caudal fossa in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2009, 50 , 37-46. 2. Kwiatkowska M., Pomianowski A.: Comparison of diagnostic values of advanced imaging techniques and electrodiagnostic procedures in the assessment of cervical spinal cord disorders in dogs. A preliminary study. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2011, 55 , 339-345. 3. Pomianowski A., Adamiak Z.: Magnetic

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Mitral regurgitation in Dachshund dogs without heart murmurs

References 1. Abbott J.A.: Acquired Valvular Disease. In: Manual of Canine and Feline Cardiology. edited by Tilley, Smith, Oyama, Sleeper, Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, 2008, pp. 110-138. 2. Birkegård A.C., Reinmann M.J., Martinussen T., Häggström J., Pedersen H.D., Olsen L.H.: Breeding restrictions decrease the prevalence of myxomatous mitral valve disease in Cavalier King Charles spaniels over an 8- to 10-year period. J Vet Intern Med 2016, 30, 63-68. 3. Borgarelli M., Crosara S., Lamb K., Savarino P., La Rosa

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Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease in Dogs - an Update and Perspectives

.Ø. (1999). Echocardiographic mitral valve prolapse in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels: epidemiology and prognostic significance for regurgitation. Vet. Rec. 144, 315-320. 8. Serfass, P., Chetboul, V., Sampedrano, C.C., Nicolle, A., Benalloul, T., Laforge, H., Gau, C. Hébert, C., Pouchelon, J.L., Tissier, R. (2006). Retrospective study of 942 small-sized dogs: Prevalence of left apical systolic heart murmur and left-sided heart failure, critical effects of breed and sex. J. Vet. Cardiol., 8(1): 11-18. http

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