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References Brykov, V. A., Apalikova, O. V., Eliseikina, M. G., Kovalev, M. Yu. 2005. Mitochondrial DNA variation in diploid and triploid forms of silver crucian carp Carassius auratus gibelio. Russian Journal of Genetics , 41 (6), 811–816 [In Russian]. Cherfas, N. B. 1966. The natural triploidy in females of unisexual form of silver crucian carp ( Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch). Genetika, 2 (5), 16–24 [In Russian]. Cherfas, N. B. 1987. Gynogenesis in fishes. In : Kirpichnikov, V. S., ed. Genetic Basis of Fish Selection. Nauka, Leningrad, 1987, 309

References Abramenko, M. I., Kravchenko, O. V., Velikoivanenko, A. E. 1997. Population genetic structure of the goldfish Carassius auratus gibelio diploid-triploid complex from the Don River Basin. Journal of Ichthyology, 37, 1, 62–71 [In Russian]. Ambroz, A. I. 1956. Fish of the Dnipro, the Southern Bug and the Dnipro-Bug estuary. USSR Academy of Sciences, Kiev, 1–404 [In Russian]. Belling, D., Himmelreich, K. 1940. The fishes of Berdy and Obitichnaja rivers . Supplement. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Kiev, 10, 3–6 [In Ukrainian]. Chernay, A. 1852

References Gromov, I. A., 1987. Oogenesis and plasticity spawning eastern carp Cyprinus Carpio Haematopterus , Biology of freshwater fishes of the Far East. Sb. nauchnich trudov . DVO AN SSSR, Vladivostok, 1–192. Goriunova, A. I., 1960. About breeding of goldfish. Voprocy Ychtiologii , 7 (15), 106–110. Mezhzherin, S. V., Lisetskii, I. L., 2004 a. Natural Hybridization between Silver Prussian Carp ( Carassius auratus ) and Crucian Carp ( C. carassius ): Evolutionary Phenomena or Absorption of One Species by Another? Dopov. Nats. Akad. Nauk Ukr. , 9, 162

References Amemiya, C. T., Bickham, J. W., Gold, J. A cell culture technique for chromosome preparation in cyprinid fi shes // Copeia. - 1984. - 1. - P. 232-235. Banerjee, S. K. Iduction of fi sh mitotic division in vivo by concavalin A // Indian J. Exp. Biol. - 1987. - 25, N 8. - P. 556-558. Baruff aldi, A., Lanzara, V., Cucchi, C. Utilization of phytohaemagglutinin for in vivo karyological studies in teleost fi sh // Cytobios. - 1992. - 70. - P. 49-52. Boron, A. Karyotypes of diploid and triploid silver crucian carp Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch) // Cytobios

References Bronmark C., Paszkowski C. A., Tonn W. M., Hargeby A. 1995 - Predation as a determinant of size structure in populations of crucian carp ( Carassius carassius ) and tench ( Tinca tinca ) - Ecol. Freshw. Fish 4: 85-92. Danylchuk A. J., Tonn W. M. 2006 - Natural disturbance and life history: consequences of winterkill on fathead minnow in boreal lakes - J. Fish. Biol. 68: 681-694. He X., Lodge D. M. 1990 - Using minnow traps to estimate fish population size: the importance of spatial distribution and relative species abundance - Hydrobiologia 190: 9

Abstract

The growth, size variability, condition coefficient and percentage of fish with external deformities were compared in juvenile crucian carp (initially 31 mm TL and 0.36 g BW) which were fed intensively four starters only for 120 days at 25°C. The best weight gain was achieved by fish fed an experimental carp diet with the lowest fat content (7.4%) and a commercial diet for eel containing 15.9% fat (4.33 and 4.15 g BW, respectively). In contrast to the experimental diets, both commercial diets produced fish with high condition coefficient values and a very high (37.2 or 62.7%) percentage of individuals with different external deformities. Size variability did increase over the course of the experiment except in the fish fed the high-energy diet for eel. Survival rates ranged between 96.5 and 99.5%. Our results indicate that juvenile crucian carp can be successfully reared exclusively on dry diets but not the commercial ones for eel or carp used in the present experiment.

. - Institution of medical and biological research in Montenegro, Biological station, Titograd. Janković, D. (1971): Razmnožavanje šarana ( Cyprinus carpio L.) iz Skadarskog jezera. - Arhiv bioloških nauka / Archives des sciences biologiques 23 (1/2): 63-84. Knežević, B. (1984): Ekologija Scardinius erythrophthalmus scardafa (Bonaparte, 1832) Skadarskog jezera. - Doktorska disertacija, Univerzitet u Sarajevu, Prirodnomatematički fakultet. Marić, D. (1995): Rasprostranjenje i brojnost introdukovanog srebrnog karaša ( Carassius gibelio , Bloch 1782) u Skadarskom jezeru u

., Miko3ajczyk T., Epler P. 2012 - The effect of polychlorinated biphenyls mixture (Aroclor 1254) on the embryonic development and hatching of Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio, and common carp, Cyprinus carpio (Actinopterygii: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) - Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 42: 31-35. Van Wijngaarden R.P.A., Crum S.J.H., Decraene K., Hattink J., Van Kammen A. 1998 - Toxicity of DerosalR (active ingredient carbendazim) to aquatic invertebrates - Chemosphere 37: 673-683. Vega A., Garrido Frenich A., Martinez Vidal J.L. 2005 - Monitoring of pesticides in agricultural

REFERENCES Borisov, E. V. (2013): Representatives of Dactylogyridae family of the Monogenea class in goldgish ( Carassius auratus auratus ) imported in Bulgaria from Singapore. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 19, 2, 237–242. Bush, A. O., Lafferty, K. D., Lotz, J. M., Shostak, A. W. (1997): Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms. Journal of Parasitology, 83, 575-583. Bykhovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I. E., Gusev, A. V., Dubinina, M. N., Izyumova, N. A., Smirnova, T. S., Sokolovskaya, A. L., Schtein, G. A., Shulman, S. S., Epshtein, V. M. (1962): Key to

References Abramenko, M. I., Kravchenko, O. V., Velikoivanenko, A. E. 1997. Genetic structure of populations in diploidand- triploid complex of Prussian carp Carassius auratus gibelio in the Don basin. Journal of Ichthyology, 37, 1, 62-71 [In Russian]. Astanin, L. P, Podgornyi, M. I. 1963. Reproduction capability of crucian carps Carassius carassius (L.) C. auratus gibelio (Bloch). Journal of Ichthyology, 8, 2(49) [In Russian]. Bogutskaya, N. G., Naseka, А. М., eds. 2004. Catalogue of jawless and fish in fresh & brackish waters of Russia with nomenclature and