This paper presents how to use the Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) in software engineering modeling processes. Any variation of CMMI, depending on the scope of application, can also be used to assess the process maturity of an organization. Regarding the Software Reliability Engineering (SRE) process, the activities in the SRE process have been briefly described, noting that the application of SRE in all software-based products leads to good control over the development process.
In this paper we introduce the walk polynomial to find the number of walks of different lengths in a simple connected graph. We also give the walk polynomial of the bipartite, star, wheel, and gear graphs in closed forms.
Visualization in research process plays a crucial role. There are several advanced plots for visualizing categorical data, such as mosaic, association, double-decker, sieve or fourfold plot that are based on the graphical presentation of residuals in a contingency table. In this paper we present new methods for visualizing categorical data such as rmb, fluctile and scpcp plot available in extracat package in R. This package provides a well-structured representation of categorical data and allows for a detailed presentation of the relationship between categories in terms of proportions. We describe rmb, fluctile and cpcp. Those plots are based on the concept of multiple bar charts, a fluctuation diagram from a multidimensional table and parallel coordinates respectively. Such plots are mostly used for a visualization of a contingency table or a data frame; they can also be used for exploratory analysis and allows for a graphical presentation even for a high number of variables . All the calculations and plots are obtained using R software.
The permanental polynomial
of a graph G is symmetric if bi = bn−i for each i. In this paper, we characterize the graphs with symmetric permanental polynomials. Firstly, we introduce the rooted product H(K) of a graph H by a graph K, and provide a way to compute the permanental polynomial of the rooted product H(K). Then we give a sufficient and necessary condition for the symmetric polynomial, and we prove that the permanental polynomial of a graph G is symmetric if and only if G is the rooted product of a graph by a path of length one.
Economic poverty is one of the more common and complex problems in the modern world, as well as in Poland. This is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon, and therefore there is no single universally valid definition of poverty. This article presents a statistical analysis of economic poverty in Poland based on real data from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. An in-depth statistical analysis of the social situation of Poles will be presented, as well as an attempt to examine interdependencies in the occurrence of various forms of poverty and social exclusion in Poland. In the article, several multivariate statistical methods are presented together with the graphical presentation of results. We present a correspondence analysis with a perception map, as well as the advanced modern visualizing tool for categorical data. All the calculations were conducted using R software.
This study sought to contribute to the growing empirical literature by investigating the effects of FDI on per capita GDP growth for South Africa using time series data collected between 1970 and 2016. Compared to the majority of previous studies, we use quantile regressions which investigates the effects of FDI on economic growth at different distributional quantiles. Puzzling enough, the empirical results show that FDI has a negative influence on welfare at extremely low quantiles whereas at other levels this effect turns insignificant. Contrary, the effects of domestic investment on welfare is positive and significant at all levels. Collectively, these results have important implications for policymakers in South Africa.
The transfer market of European football can be classified as a system. In this system, the effectiveness of participant teams can depend on the activity in players’ transfers. This article assesses the utility of network analysis in analysing connections between the mentioned concepts. The hypothesis is that there is causality between a club’s activity in the transfer market and its profit from transfers. This research is based on empirical transfer data of major soccer teams, which have had a significant role in the last 12 years in Europe. It is assumed that the most active clubs in the transfer system have more financial power in the transfer market, while teams which are not active in transfers have less profit from transfers. In the network analysis, the teams can be defined as a set of nodes and connected by edges (interactions). The thickness of the edges and the size of the nodes depend on the volume of transfers among clubs. The number of interactions and the amount of the transfer price can measure this volume also. Considering the results of network indices, the relationships between the two phenomena were reviewed. In order to explore these relationships, the correlations among all of the relevant variables in the transfer market were also measured.
In this paper, we propose a large-update primal-dual interior point algorithm for linear optimization. The method is based on a new class of kernel functions which differs from the existing kernel functions in which it has a double barrier term. The investigation according to it yields the best known iteration bound O for large-update algorithm with the special choice of its parameter m and thus improves the iteration bound obtained in Bai et al.  for large-update algorithm.
Categorical data analysis is a statistical method that can be successfully applied in different scientific areas, such as: social, medical, psychological and political sciences. Classification and segmentation are statistical methods that usually have been used for large quantitative datasets to identify segments in the data, however if applied for categorical data for contingency tables, one may arrive at impressive results as well. This paper presents the use of classification and segmentation methods for categorical data in a contingency table based on real data from Central Statistics on the number of university positions in Polish voivodeships. The authors compare the results of different approaches and provide graphical results using advanced visualization tools, perceptual map (biplot) and dendrogram. Comparative analysis provides information on corresponding categories of academic positions in different voivodeships. All calculations are conducted in R.
Let G be a simple graph on n vertices. An independent set in a graph is a set of pairwise non-adjacent vertices. The independence polynomial of G is the polynomial , where s(G, k) is the number of independent sets of G with size k and s(G, 0) = 1. A unicyclic graph is a graph containing exactly one cycle. Let Cn be the cycle on n vertices. In this paper we study the independence polynomial of unicyclic graphs. We show that among all connected unicyclic graphs G on n vertices (except two of them), I(G, t) > I(Cn, t) for sufficiently large t. Finally for every n ≥ 3 we find all connected graphs H such that I(H, x) = I(Cn, x).