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This paper is focused on the fauna of beetles from the Borek u Domašova Nature Reserve (NR) in the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains. Altogether 257 species of beetles belonging to 45 families were recorded during an entomological survey in 2011 and 2012. We found out valuable assemblages of beetles, especially a community of saproxylic beetles which is of high bioindicative value. Recorded were boreo-montane or relict species of natural old-growth forests such as Ceruchus chrysomelinus, Curimus erichsoni, Danosoma fasciata, Dendrophagus crenatus, Elateroides flabellicornis, Hylis foveicollis, Melandrya barbata etc. We propose the following management measures, necessary for the preservation of populations of the threatened species of the Borek u Domašova NR. A non-action strategy seems to be the most appropriate management by means of avoiding the removal of fallen and dead trees from the forest. On the contrary, the structure of the forest should be enriched with fir seedlings, planted and protected from the damage caused by deer. We also recommend to enlarging the area of the NR in the near future.

) question, ‘Is this still a village?’ To what extent does what is taking place in the cultural landscape of rural areas fit into the classic definition of a village? The research question posed by the authors is to define the rural landscape in both physiognomic and social terms and thus to attempt to define a new model of describing a village in the Silesian Lowland. The subject of the study is an analysis of the change within the spatial and social structure of the ‘privileged’ villages using the example of Borek Strzeliński as well as determining the landscape and

., Michalska G., Studziński J. 1999. Borek. Zespół dworsko-parkowy. Dokumentacja historyczno- konserwatorska. Zespół Dokumentacji Historycznej S.C. Mansarda, Lublin. Urbańska G. 2001. Wycena zespołów parkowych. Wydawnictwo Wacetob, Warszawa. Wojciechowski K. 1997. Harmonia krajobrazu jako cel ekorozwoju. Zastosowanie ekologii krajobrazu w ekorozwoju. Polska Asocjacja Ekologii Krajobrazu, Warszawa. Woś A. 1995. Ekonomika zasobów naturalnych. Wydawnictwo PWN, Warszawa. Woś A. 2010. Wycena zasobów naturalnych, w: Ocena i wycena zasobów przyrodniczych. Wydawnictwo SGGW, Warszawa

laboratoryjnych. Energetyka, 5 , 367-369. Romaniuk, W., Łochowski, B., Borek, K., Mazur, K. (2017a). Sposób wytwarzania biogazu i zespół urządzeń do realizacji tego sposobu. Patent application No. P.421062, submitted on 30. March 2017. Romaniuk, W., Łochowski, B., Borek, K., Mazur, K., Wardal, W.J. (2017b). Układ do transportu i dystrybucji niewielkich ilości biogazu. Patent No. 232201, submitted on 13. June 2017. Sikora, J., Tomal, A. (2016). Wyznaczenie potencjału energetycznego biogazu w wybranym gospodarstwie rolnym. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich , III/2

anaerobic digestion of organic waste. Bioresource Technology, 268, 568-576. Wardal, W.J., Barwicki, J., Mazur, K., Majchrzak, M., Borek, K. (2015). Technical and economic aspects of biogas production from agricultural sources including Polish conditions. Agricultural Engineering , 19(2), 137-148. Węglarzy, K., Podkówka, W. (2010). Agrobiogazownia. Opracowanie zbiorowe Grodziec Śląski: Zakład Doświadczalny Instytutu Zootechniki PIB; Balice k. Krakowa: Instytut Zootechniki– Pań-stwowy Instytut Badawczy, 156. Wróbel, M., Frączek, J., Jewiarz, M., Mudryk, K., Dziedzic


The Futoma Member (Oligocene, Rupelian) of the Menilite Formation is present only in the northern part of the Skole Nappe. Some diatomitic layers of this member in the Nowy Borek section contain coarse-grained detrital material composed of a variety of metamorphic, volcanic and sedimentary rock fragments. The material derives from primary and secondary sources. Most abundant are debris of metamorphic rocks, mostly gneisses and mica schists. The metamorphic origin of these rocks is confirmed by the composition of heavy mineral assemblages and garnet chemistry. These rocks could have been transported from a local source located close to the margin of the Skole Basin or within that basin. The volcanic rocks reflect Paleogene volcanic activity that was widespread in the Carpathian region. Cherts, which could have been subjected to synsedimentary erosion, may have been derived from the older portions of the same formation.

References Aimová D, Svobodová L, Kotrbová V, Mrázová B, Hodek P, Hudeček J, Václavíková R., Frei E. (2007). The anticancer drug ellipticine is a potent inducer of rat cytochromes P450 1A1 and 1A2, thereby modulating its own metabolism. Drug Metab Dispos   35 : 1926-1934. Auclair C. (1987). Multimodal action of antitumor agents on DNA: The ellipticine series. Arch Biochem Biophys   259 : 1-14. Bořek-Dohalská L, Frei E and Stiborová M. (2004). DNA adduct formation by the anticancer drug ellipticine and its hydroxy derivatives in human breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7


Any definable relation between falling temperature and the compressive strength of shale rocks should provide a useful predictive tool aiding optimization of the results of hydraulic fracturing. In this research, an automeasuring hydraulic press, a thermo-camera and the Fluent ANSYS software were used. The results of laboratory simulations, and the effects of experiments conducted on shale rocks to determine permanent changes in compressive strength, are presented. As both frozen rocks and rocks returned to room temperature show diminished compressive strength. It is suggested that prior freezing of rocks can increase the efficiency of fracturing.

engineers . Sterling, VA: Earthscan. 280. Romaniuk, W., Polishchuk, V., Marczuk, A., Titova, L., Rogovskii, I., Borek K. (2018). Impact of sediment formed in biogas production on productivity of crops and ecologic character of production of onion for chives. Agricultural Engineering ( Krakow. Poland. Vol. 22. № 1. 105–125. doi:10.1515/agriceng-2018-0010. Skoruk, O.P., Tokarchuk, D.M., Vsemirnova, V.M. (2011). Perspective of the production of the 3 rd generation biofuel. Proceedings of VNAU. Series “Economics” , Vol. 1, 171-176. Skoruk, O.P., Grimaylo, I


Introduction. Transplantation (from Latin transplantare – transplant and plantare – plant), also called organ transplantation, is a safe, effective, and in some cases the only available treatment method giving hope for recovery for patients with end-stage organ failure (such as failure of heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, pancreas). It involves replacement of a diseased organ or tissue with healthy one obtained from another person. It is a specific treatment that requires social acceptance. Despite the efforts being made by the Polish transplantation community, low public awareness and lack of knowledge on organ donation are still significant barriers to the development of transplantation program in Poland [1].

Objective. Recognition of knowledge and attitudes of Subcarpathian Province’s inhabitants towards organ transplantation.

Material and methods. The survey conducted in 2018 included 187 inhabitants of urban and rural areas of the Subcarpathian Province with non-medical background. A method of diagnostic survey with a questionnaire was used. The research tool was a proprietary questionnaire containing mostly single-choice questions. The questions in the survey were closed-ended.

Results and conclusons. The level of knowledge of most respondents (56.9% of the respondents from urban areas and 57.4% of the respondents from rural areas) was moderate. High level of knowledge was presented by fewer respondents: 34.7% of those from urban areas and 31.3% of those from rural areas. Low level of knowledge was reported by 8.3% and 11.3% of the respondents from urban and rural areas, respectively. No significant differences in knowledge of organ transplantation were seen between the respondents from urban and rural areas. The results of this research show insufficient knowledge concerning organ transplantation in the surveyed population. Most respondents declare their willingness to donate organs when needed. Both our research presented in this paper and reports by other authors suggest the need for educating the public in order to encourage broad social acceptance for transplant medicine.