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Black Sea Region and European Security Policy

References [1] Baev, Y., the Black Sea Region in the international security environment and the new risks and challenges for Bulgaria, statement of the Black Sea round table - a Security Wall or a Political Door? „From the series of debates” Bulgarian Foreign Policy after the Accession to EU - from East to West or from West to East ?, organized by the IMI and the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, Sofia, 12 April 2016 http://eiri.bg/2657-2/ [2] Belova, G., N. Marin, Multi-Sectoral security dimensions in the Black Sea region, National

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Stability, Ambiguity and Change in the Discourses of NATO allies in the Black Sea region: The Cases of Romania, Bulgaria and Turkey

: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Cheresheva, M., 2017. NATO Black Sea Plans Cause Dissent in Bulgaria. BalkanInsight, 22 February [online]. Available at: http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/nato-black-sea-region-plans-causeroar-in-bulgaria-02-22-2017 (Accessed April 2017). Emmott, R., 2016. Exclusive: Turkey purges NATO military envoys after failed coup. Reuters, 12 October [online]. Available at: http://www.reuters.com/article/us-turkey-nato-exclusive-idUSKCN12C16Q (Accessed February 2017). Emmott, R., 2017. Turkey’s EU dream

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Current Status of Anserinae Wintering in Azov-Black Sea Region of Ukraine

sostoyanie zimovok gusey v podzone suhikh stepey Ukrainy k vostoku ot Dnepra. Kazarka, Byulleten Rabochey gruppy po guseobraznym Severnoy Evrazii , 15 (2), 139–163 [In Russian]. Andryuschenko, Yu. A., Chernichko, I. I., Arsievich, N. G. & Oleynik, D. S. 2003. Rezultaty srednezimnih uchotov ptits na Sivashe v 2001 godu. Branta: Sbornik trudov Azovo-Chernomorskoy ornitologicheskoy stantsii, 6, 173–178 [In Russian]. Andryushchenko, Yu., Popenko, V. 2004. Methodologicals proposals on Geese census in the Black Sea region. 8th Annual Meeting of the Goose

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Metazoan endoparasites of three species of anurans collected from the Middle Black Sea Region of Turkey

Abstract

In this report, European common toads; Bufo bufo, European green toads Bufo viridis and marsh frogs Rana ridibunda were collected in Amasya, Çorum, and Tokat Provinces (Middle Black Sea Region of Turkey) 2005 and 2006 and examined for helminths. Two of 2 (100 %) Bufo bufo and 8 of 8 (100 %) Bufo viridis and 57 of 63 (90.5 %) Rana ridibunda were infected with 1 or more helminths. The helminths of B. bufo included Oswaldocruzia filiformis and Oxysomatium brevicaudatum. The helminth fauna of B. viridis comprised 5 species: 1 species of trematode (Pleurogenoides medians), 1 species of cestode (Nematotaenia dispar) and 3 species of nematodes, (Oswaldocruzia filiformis, Cosmocerca ornata, and Oxysomatium brevicaudatum), while the helminth fauna of Rana ridibunda comprised 9 species: 4 species of trematodes (Gorgodera cygnoides, Gorgoderina vitelliloba, Haematoloechus breviansa, and Opisthioglyphe ranae), 3 species of nematodes Oswaldocruzia filiformis, Cosmocerca ornata, and Oxysomatium brevicaudatum), and 2 species of acanthocephalans (Pomphorhynchus laevis and Acanthocephalus ranae). Oswaldocruzia filiformis, Cosmocerca ornata, and Oxysomatium brevicaudatum were collected from all three host species. In addition, Pleurogenoides medians represents a new host record for Bufo viridis in Turkey.

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CARD15 Gene 3020insC Mutation with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Patients in the Black Sea Region of Turkey

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The role of the CARD15 gene 3020insC frameshift mutation in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) investigated without a definitive conclusion. The incidence of this mutation in Turkish patients with Crohn’s disease is not known.

OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether the CARD15/NOD2 3020insC frameshift mutation is a risk factor for patients with inflammatory bowel disease in Black Sea Region population in Turkey.

METHODS: We studied 3020insC mutation of CARD15/NOD2 gene by allele-specific multiplex PCR in 69 patients with IBD (18 Crohn’s disease [CD] and 51 ulcerative colitis [UC]) and 101 ethnically matched healthy controls.

RESULTS: CARD15/NOD2 3020insC frameshift mutation was positive in 7/18 (38.8 %), 13/51 (25.5 %), and 4/101 (4 %) of CD, UC, and healthy control groups, respectively. None of the controls or patients with Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis was homozygous for this mutations.

CONCLUSION: This study is to investigate a relation between CARD15/NOD2 3020insC frameshift mutation and in patients with IBD in the Turkish Population. C-insertion frameshift mutation is a major contributor to the susceptibility to both CD and UC, but it is not specific to patients with CD in Turkish population

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On the Diet and Foraging Strategy of Tundra Waders at Sivash

]. Goss-Custard, J. D., Warwick, R. M., Kirby, R., Mc. Grorty, S., Clarke. R. T. 1991. Towards predicting wading bird densities from predicted prey densities in a post-barrage Severn estuary. Journal of Applied Ecology, 28, 1004–1026. Kharchenko, L. P., Lykova, I. A. 2014. Littoral invertebrates in the diet of waders at migratory stopovers in the Azov-Black Sea region. Ecology and Noospherology, 25 , 69–82 [In Russian]. Kirikova, T. 2002. Towards evaluation of the size and weight of prey items using remains of jaws of polychaetes. Visnyk Zaporizskoho

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Natural gas transport system in the extended region of the Black Sea in the current geopolitical, geo-and geo-economics context

References Bărbuț, D.M. (2012). Strategia energetică în contextul securității moderne, Ed. Top Form, București . Chifu I. (2011), Energy security strategies in the wider Black Sea Region, Ed. Institutului de Științe Politice și Relații Internaționale, București. Băhnăreanu C. (2008). Resurse energetice, crize, conflicte, Ed. Militară, București. Codoban, A. (2012). Rusia și Europa în cursa pentru energie. Gazul natural: între economie și geopolitică, Ed. Ars Docendi, București . Cojocaru, B. (2015). Un nou test pentru Europa

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Determining the Reference Ephemeroptera Communities in the Eastern Part of the Black Sea Region for the Implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Turkey

(WFD) Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy, Official Journal of the European Communities, L 327, 22.12.2000, 1-72. 8. Hubbard M. D. and Peters W. L., 1978 - Environmental Requirements and Pollution Tolerance of Ephemeroptera, USEPA Report EPA-600/4-78-061, Cincinnati, VI, 461. 9. Kazancı N., 2013 - The records of Plecoptera (Insecta) species from Eastern part of Black Sea Region (Turkey), Review of Hydrobiology, 6

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Plasticity of Digestive System of Waders (Charadrii) as Migrants (Peculiarities of Fat Accumulation and the Source of Essential Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids During Migratory Stops in the Azov-Black Sea Region)

., Lykova, I. O. 2012. Changes in the fatty acid composition of lipids in the tissues of the ruff male ( Philomachus pugnax L. ) at the transitional migratory stops of the Azov-Black Sea region. Bulletin of Cherkassy University (Biological Sciences) , 39 (252), 131–139 [In Russian]. Kharchenko, L. P., Lykova, I. O. 2014. Littoral invertebrates in waders’ nutrition at migratory stopover sites in the Azov and Black Sea region. Ecology and noospherology , 25 (1–2), 69–82 [In Russian]. Khomenko, S. V. 2003. Feeding ecology of curlew sandpiper, Calidris

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The Fortresses of Ukraine. The Builders of Early Iron Age Strongholds in Podolia

Abstract

The most challenging question regarding the defensive settlements of the Pontic forest-steppe is the reason behind their construction at all and size. The most frequent interpretations centre around two questions: were they to protect from external threats (i.e. the nomads) or were they the result of a carefully planned construction strategy related to the economic and social pressure from the Greek colonies in the Black Sea region? It is also possible that both explanations are true.

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