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Objective: We determined the proportion of highest impact factor journals that follows the ICMJE policy of clinical trial registration and identified factors associated with policy implementation.

Study design and setting: Ten highest impact factor journals from ten specialties were identified from the 2009 Journal Citation Reports. Instructions for authors were reviewed for the statements regarding the trial registration. If the registration policy was mentioned in the instructions, the published articles were assessed to determine if the policy was actually implemented. The publishers, membership in Committee on Publication Ethics, journal vintage, etc., were analyzed for association with the policy implementation.

Results: Of 87 relevant journals, 58.6% endorsed the policy and 35.6% strictly implemented it. Factors for journals associated with strict clinical trial registration policy implementation were Internal Medicine specialty (OR 19.19; 95%CI: 2.21, 166.50; p = 0.007), ICMJE’s URM followers (OR 7.14; 95%CI: 2.62, 19.46; p <0.001), longer years of publication (OR for every 10 year 1.31; 95%CI: 1.16, 1.49; p = 0.001), and higher impact factors (OR for every 1 JIF 1.70; 95%CI: 1.25, 2.32; p = 0.001).

Conclusion: Only one third of the highest impact factor journals strictly implemented ICMJE policy. Associated factors were identified.

15/06/2015] Eskanadrieh, S., Liu, Y., Yamashina, H., Kono, K., Arai, A., Lee, R.B. and Tamashiro, H., 2012. Depressive symptoms among international university students in northern Japan: Prevalence and associated factors. Kokusai Hoken Iryo (Journal of International Health), 27 (2), pp. 165–170. Eskanadrieh S. Liu Y. Yamashina H. Kono K. Arai A. Lee R.B. Tamashiro H. 2012 Depressive symptoms among international university students in northern Japan: Prevalence and associated factors Kokusai Hoken Iryo (Journal of International Health) 27 2 165 170 Hahn, Z.L. 2010

: 425-31. 10.1080/13548500600678164 56. Small R, Lumley J, Yelland J: Cross-cultural experiences of maternal depression: associations and contributing factors for Vietnamese, Turkish and Filipino immigrant women in Victoria, Australia. Ethn Health 2003; 8: 189-206. 10.1080/1355785032000136416 57. Aydin N, Inandi T, Karabulut N: Depression and associated factors among women within their first postnatal year in Erzurum province in eastern Turkey. Women Health 2005; 41: 1-12. 10.1300/J013v41n02_01 58. Bloch M, Rotenberg N, Koren D, Klein E: Risk factors associated with


Neonates typically have a physiological weight loss (PWL) during the first days of life. Several studies about PWL and its influencing factors have been performed worldwide, resulting in the development of normative charts to identify high risk neonates. Up to now there is neither a study about PWL in Latvia nor charts developed for the Baltic region. The objective of the study was to analyse PWL and associated factors in Latvian neonates as well as to evaluate the possibility to use PWL charts of the American Academy of Paediatrics (AAP). The study included data (gestational week, delivery type, sex, feeding type, health status) of 220 Latvian newborns treated in the neonatology department of Children Clinical Hospital Gaiļezers and in-an out-patient praxis in Riga. Their mean PWL was compared among neonates with different factors and plotted on PWL charts. The mean PWL was 6.4% (SD ± 2.31%) and in univariate analysis it was associated with feeding type (p = 0.06) and health status (p = 0.01). In multiple regression analysis PWL was significantly associated with health status (p = 0.01). The usage of AAP charts could be generally recommended to identify high risk neonates, but development of charts for the Baltics should be discussed..

International. 2007. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06: India: Volume I. – Mumbai, International Institute of Population Sciences. Ismail IM, Azeez K, Antomy A, Kunnummal SV. 2016. Metabolic syndrome and its associated factors among the adult population residing in Kannavam tribal area of Kannur District, Kerala. Trop J Med Res 19(1):36-41. Kabir Y, Shahjalal HM, Saleh F, Obaid W. 2010. Dietary pattern, nutritional status, anaemia and anaemia-related knowledge in urban adolescent college girls of Bangladesh. J Pak Med Assoc 60(8):633-38. Kamath R, Majeed JA


Although Escherichia coli is a part of the commensal flora of the gastrointestinal tract, pathogenic types of E. coli can cause diarrhea, especially in children. Pathogenic types are found also in healthy individuals, but prevalence of pathogenic E. coli among asymptomatic children varies and has not been studied in Latvia. The aim of the study was to determine prevalence of pathogenic E. coli among asymptomatic children and identify factors associated with presence of bacterium. Children (aged 0.5–8 years) without acute gastrointestinal symptoms were included in a cross-sectional study. Parents were asked to answer a questionnaire (demographic data, parental education, type of delivery, breastfeeding, antibacterial therapy, and allergic diseases) and bring a faecal sample of their child. The prevalence of pathogenic E. coli was detected by polymerase chain reaction and analysed in respect to risk factors. Statistical analyses included Chi-Square test, one-way ANOVA, and logistic regression. The patient sample group contained 245 children, mean age 4.5 SD ± 2.1; 46.5% (114/245) had allergies. In total, 16% (39/245) of isolates were positive for pathogenic E. coli. Prevalence of pathogenic types of E. coli was significantly higher among children without allergy compared to children with allergy: 21% (27/131) vs. 11% (12/114), p = 0.03. Prevalence did not differ significantly in respect to other studied factors. In logistic regression analysis pathogenic E. coli positivity was inversely associated with presence of allergy (OR = 0.45, CI: 0.21–0.94, p = 0.03). Asymptomatic carriage of pathogenic E. coli was identified in our paediatric patient sample and was inversely associated with an allergic disease. Microbiota changes related to pathogenic E. coli, as well as duration of carriage of bacterium, should be studied further.

reported correlations associated with psoriatic nail disease, nail psoriasis recognition is always underemphasized in rheumatologist’s daily practice. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of psoriatic nail manifestations and to understand their pattern in the Hong Kong Chinese PsA population. The secondary objective was to investigate the associated factor for them, in the hope of raising the rheumatologists’ awareness of this commonly encountered phenomenon. 2 Methodology 2.1 Study Design This research was a single-centered, cross

disease duration [ 13 , 14 ]. As the features of PsA are attributed to ethnicity, extrapolating data from other foreign studies may not be appropriate when analyzing the condition of ethnic Chinese [ 15 ]. The primary objective of this study was to describe their demographics and relevant clinical parameters. The secondary objective was to evaluate the prevalence of various comorbidities in PsA and to explore their associated factors, with particular emphasis on MetS [ 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ]. Through our study, we hope to gain a better understanding of the current

. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia among adults in Beijing, China. J Atheroscler Thromb 19(2): 159–168, 2011. 20. Wang S, Xu L, Jonas JB, You QS, Wang YX, Yang H. Prevalence and associated factors of dyslipidemia in the adult Chinese population. PLoS One 6(3), 2011. 21. Sharma U, Kishore J, Garg A, Anand T, Chakraborty M, Lali P. Dyslipidemia and associated risk factors in a resettlement colony of Delhi. J Clin Lipidol 7(6): 653–660, 2013. 22. Gupta R, Ravinder S. Rao, Misra A, Samin K. Sharma . Recent trends in epidemiology of

with risk of reintervention ( P < 0.05). Other factors such as cyst size and age were also found to be related. According to the B value, the use of a plastic stent increases the risk of reintervention. Another main factor for reintervention is cyst size. On multivariate linear regressions analysis, stent type was not related to the duration of hospital stay ( P > 0.05). Among the associated factors, etiology of the pseudocyst showed most correlation with the length of hospital stay ( Table 3 ). Table 3 Statistical results of the study Hospital stay Reintervenition