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; 20(3): 338-341. 5. Schwetz I, Horina J, Buzina W, et al. Aspergillus oryzae peritonitis in CAPD: case report and review of the literature. Am J Kidney Dis 2007; 49(5): 701-704. 6. Bonfante L, Nalesso F, Cara M, et al. Aspergillus fumi-gatus peritonitis in ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: a case report and notes on the therapeutic approach. Nephrology (Carlton ) 2005; 10 (3): 270-273. 7. Kazancioglu R, Kirikci G, Albaz M, et al. Fungal peritonitis among the peritoneal dialysis patients of four Turkish centres. J Ren Care 2010; 36 (4): 186-190. 8. Scotter

, 2002. 10. Lass-Flörl C. In vitro susceptibility testing in Aspergillus species: un update. Future Microbiol. 2010;5(5):789-99. 11. Carrilo-Munoz AJ, Quindos G, Del Valle O, Hernandez- Molina JM, Santos P. Antifungal activity of Amphotericin B and Itraconazole against filamentous fungi: comparison of the Sensititre YeastOne and NCCLS M38-A reference methods. J Chemotherapy. 2004;16:468-473. 12. Serrano MC, Morilla D et al. Comparison of E-test with modified broth microdilution method for testing susceptibility of Aspergillus spp. to Voriconazole. J Clin Microbiol

LITERATURE CITED 1. Raducan, A., Cantemir, A.R., Puiu, M. & Oancea, D. (2012). Kinetics of hydrogen peroxide decomposition by catalase: hydroxylic solvent effects. Bioprocess Biosyst. Eng. 35(9), 1523−1530. DOI: 10.1007/s00449-012-0742-0. 2. Kaddour, S., López-Gallego, F., Sadoun, T., Fernandez-Lafuente, R. & Guisan, J.M., (2008). Preparation of an immobilized − stabilized catalase derivative from Aspergillus niger having its multimeric structure stabilized: The effect of Zn 2+ on enzyme stability. J. Mol. Catal. B: Enzym. 55, 142−145. DOI: 10.1016/j


β-Apiosidase is a rare glycosidase applied in winemaking for flavour enhancement. This enzyme is involved in the release of volatile terpenes by hydrolysis of their odourless glycosidic precursors. It is found as a minor component in commercial pectinase/cellulase preparations. Microbial production of β-apiosidase by two Aspergillus sp. strains was investigated. Apiin-induced production of this extracellular glycosidase was confirmed only during the cultivation of Aspergillus niger CBS 554.65 but the high productivity value reported in the work of Dupin et al. (1992) J. Agric. Food Chem. 40(10): 1886—1891 could not be reproduced. The achieved productivity was by far not satisfactory considering the apiin cost. Commercial enzyme preparations with β-apiosidase side-activity thus remain a better alternative as the enzyme source for biocatalytic applications.

References Cotty PJ, Bayman P, Egel DS, Elias D. Agriculture, aflatoxins, and Aspergillus. In The Genus Aspergillus, pp. 1-27. Edited by Powell KA, Fenwick A, Peberdy JF. New York: Plenum Press, 1994. Holmquist GU, Walker HH, Stahr HM. Influence of temperature, pH, water activity and antifungal agents on growth of Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. J Food Sci. 1983;48:778-782. Bullerman LB. Mycotoxins and food safety. Food Technol. 1986;40:59-66. IARC. Aflatoxin. IARC Monographs. 1985;(Suppl. 7):83-87. Wang JS, Groopman JD. DNA damage by mycotoxins. Mutat Res

REFERENCES 1. Peden WM, Rhoades KR: Pathogenicity differences of multiple isolates of Aspergillus fumigatus in turkeys. Avian Dis 1992; 36: 537-542. 2. Latge JP: Aspergillus fumigatus and aspergillosis. Clin Microbiol Rev 1999, 12 (2): 310-350. 3. Charlton BR, Chin RP, Barnes HJ: Fungal infections. In: Diseases of poultry . 12th edn, Blackwell Publishing; Iowa; 2008, 989-998. 4. Zafra R, Perez J, Perez-Ecija RA, Borge C, Bustamante R, Carbonero A, Tarradas C: Concurrent aspergillosis and ascites with high mortality in farm of growing broiler chickens. Avian

REFERENCES 1. L. O. L. Ríos, J. M. Luengo and J. M. Fernández-Cañón, Steroid 11-alpha-hydroxylation by the fungi Aspergillus nidulans and Aspergillus ochraceus , Methods Mol. Biol . 1645 (2017) 271–287; 2. L. Jia, J. Dong, R. Wang, S. Mao, F. Lu, S. Singh, Z. Wang and X. Liu, Identification and characterization of the steroid 15α-hydroxylase gene from Penicillium raistrickii , Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol . 101 (2017) 6409–6418; 3. S. Huang, J. Xie, J. Cui, L. Liu, Y

References Akhter N, Morshed MA, Uddin A, Begum F, Sultan T, Azad AK (2011) Production of pectinase by Aspergillus niger cultured in solid state media. Int. J. Biosci. 1: 33-42. Amiri F, Mousavi SM, Yaghmaei S, Barati M (2012) Bioleaching kinetics of a spent refinery catalyst using Aspergillus niger at optimal conditions. Biochem. Eng. J. 67: 208-217. Anahid S, Yaghmaei S, Ghobadinejad Z (2011) Heavy metal tolerance of fungi. Sci. Iran. C 18: 502-508. Chen H, Mothapo NV, Shi W (2013) Soil moisture and pH control relative contributions of fungi and bacteria to

References 1. Piontek M., Jasiewicz M., Bednar K., Mould biodeterioration caused by technological defects in dwelling buildings. Ochrona Przed Korozją 2010 (1): 8-13. 2. Piontek M., Jasiewicz M., Łuszczyńska K. Thermal modernization and biodeterioration of prefabricated elements of buildings - a case study - W: Management of indoor air quality. Ed. M. R. Dudzińska. London: Taylor & Francis Group, 2011: 109-122. 3. Piontek M., Łuszczyńska K., Lechów H. Occurrence of the toxin-producing Aspergillus versicolor Tiraboschi in residential buildings. International

References 1. Pfaller MA, Diekema DJ. Rare and Emerging Opportunistic Fungal Pathogens: Concern for Resistance beyond Candidaalbicans and Aspergillus fumigatus. J Clin Microbiol 2004;42:4419-31. 2. Kutleša M, Mlinarić-Missoni E, Hatvani L, Vončina D, Šimon S, Lepur D, Baršić B. Chronic fungal meniongitis caused by Aureobasidium proteae . Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2012;73:271-2. 3. Bolignano G, Criseo G. Disseminated nosocomial fungal infection by Aureobasidium pullulans var. melanigenum : a case Report. J Clin Microbiol 2003;41:4483-5. 4. Gunde