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Abstract

Humanity has long been haunted by the notions of Armageddon and the coming of a Golden Age. While the English Romantic poets like Shelley saw hopes of a new millennium in poems like “Queen Mab” and “The Revolt of Islam”, others like Blake developed their own unique “cosmology” in their longer poems that were nevertheless coloured with their vision of redemption and damnation. Even Hollywood movies, like The Book of Eli (2010), rehearse this theme of salvation in the face of imminent annihilation time and again. Keeping with such trends, this paper would like to trace this line of apocalyptic vision and subsequent hopes of renewal with reference to William Golding’s debut novel Lord of the Flies (1954) and his Pincher Martin (1956). While in the former, a group of young school boys indulge in violence, firstly for survival, and then for its own sake, in the latter, a lonely, shipwrecked survivor of a torpedoed destroyer clings to his own hard, rock-like ego that subsequently is a hurdle for his salvation and redemption, as he is motivated by a lust for life that makes him exist in a different moral and physical dimension. In Lord of the Flies, the entire action takes place with nuclear warfare presumably as its backdrop, while Pincher Martin has long been interpreted as an allegory of the Cold War and the resultant fear of annihilation from nuclear fallout (this applies to Golding’s debut novel as well). Thus, this paper would argue how Golding weaves his own vision of social, spiritual, and metaphysical dissolution, and hopes for redemption, if any, through these two novels.

. Herrmann and Richard Ned Lebow (eds.), Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp. 1-27. Jones, E. (2009), ‘Look for the Blind Spot where Structural Realism Meets Pluralistic Stagnation’, The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 11, pp. 225-237. Knopf, J.W. (2004), ‘Did Reagan Win the Cold War?’ Strategic Insights, III (8), pp. 1-14. Kotkin, S. (2001), Armageddon Averted. The Soviet Collapse, 1970-2000, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Lebow, R.N. (1994), ‘The Long Peace, the End of the Cold War, and the Failure of Realism’, International Organization, 48 (2

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include names such as Bernard Brodie, Albert Wohlstetter, William Kaufmann, James Schlesinger, Daniel Ellsberg, Robert McNamara, Thomas Schelling, and, last but by no means the least, Herman Kahn. The treatment Fred M. Kaplan gave these men and their writings was unfair. They were not “wizards of Armageddon” but only men who undertook the study of a security issue they did not embrace as wholeheartedly as they often are portrayed to. All of them agreed that a thermonuclear war would be an unprecedented catastrophe but one that should still be analyzed to minimize its

dawn song, extra-pair siring success, and lay date in songbirds. Current Biology , 20 (19), 1735–1739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2010.08.028 Leather, S. R. 2018. “Ecological Armageddon” — more evidence for the drastic decline in insect numbers. Annals of Applied Biology , 172 (1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1111/aab.12410 Longcore, T., Rich, C. 2004. Ecological light pollution. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment , 2 (4), 191–198. https://doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2004)002[0191:ELP]2.0.CO;2 Macgregor, C. J., Evans, D. M., Fox, R., Pocock, M. J. O

, Leverage and Asset Bubbles: Averting Armageddon With Chapter 11?, The Economic Journal, No. 120 (544), pp. 500-518. MOINAS, S., POUGET, S., 2013, The Bubble Game: An Experimental Study of Speculation, Econometrica, No. 81 (4), pp. 1507-1539. MOODY’S, 2016, Announcement: Moody's: Mortgage Covered Bonds among Safest Credit Instruments in Turkey, Issuance May Increase, [Internet]. Available at: < https://www.moodys.com> [Accessed 26 May 2016]. NEWEY, W.K., WEST, K.D., 1987. A Simple, Positive Semi-Definite, Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Consistent Covariance Matrix

adapted to our needs. In a simplistic manner, we may summarize the conflict as follows: Table 2 The Cold War Chronology 1945–1991 Years Period 1945–1962 Origin and Early Years of the Cold War Tension between the US and the USSR. Atomic weapons create fear of a nuclear Armageddon, but also thaw periods. The tensions reach climax with the Cuban crisis in 1962. 1963–1979 The Era of Détente A long thaw period after the Cuban crisis. Negotiations for peace and disarmament: SALT I in Moscow 1972, the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 and SALT II negotiations. Vietnam War. The Period

time I have reviewed my cases with my clinical supervisor, I am ready to call it a day. Unfortunately, my on-call rota does not agree with me on this. I head to the on-call room and promptly fall asleep. At 8 p.m., I get a call from the ward about new admissions and I say to myself- ‘the Armageddon is here’. Hunger pangs are on me like I didn’t have lunch, which I definitely did; I head to the nearby café as I have 45 minutes from the call to get to the ward. Fully refreshed I head on to the acute mental health wards and I won’t bore you with the diagnosis of the

warrant the resulting degree of death and destruction of nuclear war. As a result, all other strategic thinking paled in comparison to deterrence and avoiding – not fighting – war. Yet, when the threat of Armageddon passed, threats that had previously been deemed insignificant gained in importance. This was especially the case with nonstate actors. While these actors were not new, it was only the terror attacks in September 2001 and the following declaration of a global war against terror that brought them to the center of the attention of international security. Yet