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Abstract

The genus Ferula (Apiaceae) comprises about 170 species occurring from central Asia westward to northern Africa. This genus is well-known in folk medicine for the treatment of various organ disorders. Most of Ferula species possess strong aromatic smell that is due to the presence of essential oil or oleoresin in their different organs. This article reviews anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and other biological activities of Ferula oils reported to date. For medicinal applications, the chemical composition of volatile oils obtained from different Ferula species is summarized in Appendix.

połacinie, popolsku i politewsku. (manuscript). Fisch er J.B., 1791: Versuch einer Naturgeschichte von Livland. - Königsberg. Fleisch er J.G., 1839: Flora der deutschen ostseeprovinzen Esth-, Liv- und Kurland. - Mitau. Fröberg L., 2010: Apiaceae, Chaerophyllum L. - In: Jonsell B., Karlsson T. (eds), Flora Nordica, 6: 199-206. Gavrilova Ģ., Šulcs V., 1999: Latvijas vaskulāro augu flora. Taksonu saraksts. - Rīga. Gudžinskas Z., 1999: Lietuvos induočiai augalai. - Vilnius. Hand R., 2011: Apiaceae. - In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro

--- Verloove, F. 2019: New records, distribution and taxonomic notes for non-native vascular flora of Tunisia – I. Poaceae . Flora Mediterranea 29: 45–53. Géhu, J.M., Kaabèche, M. ---amp--- Gharzouli, R. 1992 : Observations phytosociologiques sur le littoral Kabyle de Bejaia à Jijel. Doc. Phytosoc., N.S. 14, pp. 305–322. Govaerts, R. 2001: World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in access E-F: 1-50919. Hand, R. 2011: Apiaceae . – In: Euro+Med Plantbase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity, viewed 29 August, from 2018 http://ww2.bgbm

Abstract

Systole irana sp. n. and S. dzintari sp. n. are described from Iran. Systole complanata Zerova is recorded from Iran for the first time. These three Systole species belong to the subgenus Systole (Systole). The species of this subgenus have trophic associations with plants of family Apiaceae. An identification key to species of Systole from Iran is given. Holotype and paratypes of new species are deposited in the collection of I. I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv).

biology of Apiaceae. I. Floral visitors to Thaspium and Zizia and theirimportance in pollination. American Journal of Botany 71: 375-387. DOI: 10.2307/2443496 Luk’janov I. A., Reznikov A. R. (1976) Koriandr. In: Smoljanova A. M., Ksendza A. T. (Eds.) Efirnomaslicnye kul’tury. Kolos. Moskva. Russia. pp. 9-57. Maroufi K., Farahani H. A., Darvishi H. H. (2010) Importance of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) Between the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Advances in Environmental Biology 4: 433-436. Mathias M. E. (1994) Magic, myth and medicine. Economic Botany 48: 3-7. DOI: 10

Summary

Scaligeria meifolia Boiss., belonging to the Apiaceae family, grows wild in Iran. The essential oil from aerial parts of S. meifolia were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Thirty-one constituents representing 99.98% of total oil components were identified. The main constituents of the essential oil were germacrene-D, (24.2%), germacrene-B (14.8%), limonene (14.2%), γ-elemene (11.6 %) and β-elemene (5.2%).

pharmaceuticals in humans and in animals. Regulat Toxicol Pharmacol 32 (1): 56–67. Patočka, J, Jakl J. (2010). Biomedically relevant chemical constituents of Valeriana officinalis. J Appl Biomed 8 (1): 11–18. Patton CJ, Crouch SR. (1977). Spectrophotometric and kinetic investigation of the Berthelot reaction for the determination of ammonia. Anal Chem 49 : 464–469. Pavela R, Vrchotová N, Tříska J. (2016). Larvicidal activity of extracts from Ammi visnaga Linn. (Apiaceae) seeds against Culex quinquefasciatus Say. (Diptera: Culicidae). Exp Parasitol . 165 : 51–7. Rahman MF

References [1] Reduron, J.; Spalik, K., Le genre Anthriscus (Apiaceae) dans la flore française, Acta Botanica Gallica . 1995 , 142 , 55-96. [2] Lee, M.C.; Ryu, K.C., Studies on the constituents in the fruits, Buli KH Pharma Sci ., 1978 , 6 , 61-67. [3] Fejes, S.; Blázovics, A.; Lugasi, A.; Lemberkovics, E.; Petri, G.; Kéry, A., In vitro antioxidant activity of Anthriscus cerefolium L. (Hoffm.) extracts, J Ethnopharmacol . 2000 , 69 , 259-265. [4] Ikeda, R.; Nagao, T.; Okabe, H.; Nakano, Y.; Matsunaga, H.; Katano, M.; Mori, M., Antiproliferative

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to evaluate the antioxidant activity of extracts and four flavonoids that had been isolated from the aerial parts of Bunium alpinum Waldst. et Kit. (Apiaceae) and Tamarix gallica L. (Tamaricaceae). In this work, the four flavonoids were first extracted via various solvents, then purified through column chromatography (CC) and thin layer chromatography (TLC). The four compounds were subsequently identified by spectroscopic methods, including: UV, mass spectrum 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The EtOAc extract of Bunium alpinum Waldst. et Kit yielded quercetin-3-O-β-glucoside (3’,4’,5,7-Tetrahydroxyflavone-3-β-D-glucopyranoside) (1), while the EtOAc and n-BuOH extracts of Tamarix gallica L. afforded 3,5,3’-trihydroxy-7,4’-dimethoxyflavone (2), 3,5,7-trihydroxy-4’-methoxyflavone (3) and 5-hydroxy-3,7,4’-trimethoxyflavone (4). The antioxidant activity of the extracts and the flavonoids were then evaluated through DPPH free radical-scavenging assay. Of all studied extracts, the n-Butanol extract of Bunium alpinum (EC50 = 1.84 μg/ml) showed the best antioxidant activity against (DPPH). In contrast, the isolates demonstrated varying degrees of antioxidant activity: compound (1) was the more active (EC50 = 0.28 μg/ml), followed by compound (3) and (2) (EC50 = 0.309μg/ml, EC50 = 0.406 μg/ml, respectively), compound (4) showed the lowest activity. All the isolated flavonoids exhibited antioxidant activity, but this was lower than the control (Trolox). In conclusion, due to the presence of flavonoids in their ariel parts, the studied plants could be natural sources of several important antioxidant agents

References Anioł-Kwiatkowska J. & Popiel A. 2011. Scandix pecten-veneris (Apiaceae) - historia występowania na Dolnym Śląsku. In: J. Anioł-Kwiatkowska & E. Szczęśniak (eds.). Zagrożone archeofity Dolnego Śląska. Acta Bot. Siles., Suppl. 1: 192-194. Baessler C. & Klotz S. 2006. Effects of changes in agricultural land-use on landscape structure and arable weed vegetation over the last 50 years. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 115: 43-50. Bróż E. & Maciejczak B. 1991. Some new, rare and endangered species of vascular plants of Kielce and its suburb. Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 36