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Virulence factors and mechanisms of antibiotic resistance of haemophilus influenzae

. Antibiotic resistance in Haemophilus infl uenzae decreased, except for β-lactamase-negative amoxicillin- resistant isolates, in parallel with community antibiotic consumption in Spain from 1997 to 2007. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2008;52:2760-6. 10. Tristram SG, Nichols S. A multiplex PCR for β-lactamase genes of Haemophilus infl uenzae and description of a new bla TEM promoter variant. J Antimicrob Chemother 2006;58:183-5. 11. San Millan A, Giufré M, Escudero JA, et al. Contribution of ROB-1 and PBP3 mutations to the resistance

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The clinically important anaerobic, human pathogenic Bacteroides species and their antibiotic resistance levels in Central and Southeast Europe

Irodalom 1. Wexler HM. Bacteroides: the good, the bad and the nittygritty. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2007;20(4):593-621. 2. Könönen E, Wade WG, Citron DM. Bacteroides, Porphyromonas, Prevotella, Fusobacterium, and other anaerobic Gram-negative rods. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 10th Edition: American Society of Microbiology; 2011. 3. Nagy E. Anaerobic infections: Update on treatment considerations. Drugs. 2010;70(7):841-58. 4. Sóki J. Extended role for insertion sequence elements in the antibiotic resistance of Bacteroides. World Journal of

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Virulence factors and antibiotic resistance of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli in eastern China

through the food chain resulting in a serious risk to human health. Drug resistance has consequently become a focus of interest for both the poultry industry and public healthcare in China. Data on profiles of virulence factors and antibiotic resistances among APEC strains are crucial to infection control in China. In this study, we isolated strains from eastern China and determined the prevalence of virulence factors, distribution of antibiotic resistance, and phylogenetic background of these isolates. Material and Methods Bacterial strains. Samples of the

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Serogroups, Virulence Genes and Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli Isolated from Cold Smoked Meat Products and Sprouted Grains in Latvia

., Torcolini, J., Zhao, C., McDermott, P. W., Wagner, D. D., Walker, R. D., White, D. G. (2002). Antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli O26, O103, O111, O128, and O145 from animals and humans. Emerg. Infect. Dis ., 8 (12), 1409–1414. Stenutz, R., Weintraub, A., Widmalm, G. (2005). The structures of Escherichia coli O polysaccharide antigens. FEMS (Federation of European Microbiological Societies) Microbiol. Rev., 30 (3), 376–380. Threlfall, E. J., Ward, L. R., Frost, J. A., Willshaw, G. A. (2000). The emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance

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Detection of Several Virulence Properties, Antibiotic Resistance and Phylogenetic Relationship in E. Coli Isolates Originated from Cow Mastitis

coliform bacteria by a monoclonal antibody directed against ferric enterobactin receptor FepA. J Dairy Sci 1998, 81:1267-1274. 18. Fernandes JBC, Zanardo LG, Galvão NN, Carvalho IA, Nero LA, Moreira MAS: Escherichia coli from clinical mastitis: serotypes and virulence factors. J Vet Diagn Invest 2011, 23: 1146-1152. 19. Khan A, Das SC, Ramamurthy T, Sikdar A, Khanam J, Yamasaki S, Takeda, Balakrish Nair G: Antibiotic resistance, virulence gene, and molecular profiles of Shiga toxin- producing Escherichia coli isolates from diverse sources

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Antibiotic resistance, multidrug resistance and enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction profiles of clinically important Klebsiella species

Reservoirs of drug resistant bacterial genomes and extrachromosomal DNA segments are a growing problem and cause emergence of new multidrug resistant (MDR) strains [ 1 ]. Antibiotic resistance of Klebsiella infections are causing increasing morbidity and mortality, and an increase in health care costs worldwide. In epidemiological research, not only phenotypical analysis, but also genotypical analysis is conducted by using various molecular typing methods such as plasmid profiling, ribotyping, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to find genetic

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Antibiotic Resistance and Molecular Studies on Salmonella Enterica Subspecies Enterica Serovar Infantis Isolated in Human Cases and Broiler Carcasses

, Gardner MJ, Ahmed R, Gessner BD: Outbreak of multidrugresistant Salmonella Typhimurium associated with ground beef served at a school potluck. Journal of Food Protection 2006, 69:666-670 7. Busani L, Graziani C, Battisti A, Franco A, Ricci A, Vio D: Antibiotic resistance in Salmonella enterica serotypes Typhimurium, Enteritidis and Infantis from human infections, foodstuffs and farm animals in Italy. Epidemiology and Infection 2004, 132:245-251 8. Tollefson L, Miller MA: Antibiotic use of food animals: controlling the human health impact

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Antimicrobial resistance of bacterial isolates from dierent dairy products and their emergence in the food chain

References [1] O. Adenaike, O. S. Olonitola, J. B. Ameh, C. M. Z. Whong, Multidrug resistance pattern and Multiple Antibiotic Resistance index of strains of Escherichia coli isolated from retailed smoked fish. Nigerian Journal of Microbiology , 30. 1. (2016) 3168–3171. [2] M. A. Al-Ashmawy, K. I. Sallam, S. M. Abd-Elghany, M. Elhadidy, T. Tamura, Prevalence, molecular characterization, and antimicrobial susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from milk and dairy products. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease , 13. (2016

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Antibiotic Resistance and Plasmid Profile of Vibrio Alginolyticus Strains Isolated from Cultured European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus Labrax, L.)

: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology , edited by B. J. Brenner, N. R. Krieg, J. T. Staley, Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 491-494. 12. Laganà P., Caruso G., Minotoli E., Zaccone R., Delia S.: Susuceptibility to antibiotics of Vibrio spp. and Photobacterium damsela spp. piscicida strains isolated from Italian aquaculture farms. New Microbiologica 2011, 34 , 53-63. 13. Li J., Yie J., Foo R.W.T., Ling J.M.L., Xu H., Woo N.Y.S.: Antibiotic resistance and plasmid profiles of Vibrio isolates from cultured silver sea bream

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Antibiotic resistance profile and random amplification typing of β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae from the local area of Al-Taif and nearby cities in Saudi Arabia

Gram-negative bacteria are potential causes of both nosocomial and community-acquired infections. Multiple antibiotic resistance to broad-spectrum β-lactams are considered one of the most important traits. Antibiotic resistance of Enterobacteriaceae is mainly accompanied by the production of extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) that hydrolyze third-generation cephalosporins and aztreonam, but can be inhibited by clavulanic acid [ 1 - 3 ]. ESBLs are primarily produced by gram-negative organisms of the Enterobacteriaceae family, especially Escherichia coli

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