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. Nat. Sci. n.s,1952, 2(3): 207-234 5. Lucy KM, Indu VR, Leena C, Fathima R, George C, Patki HS, Surjith S, Anneth AJ: Gross anatomy of the skull of the hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibious). Indian Journal Of Animal Research, 2017, B-3277: 1-3, DOI:10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.7659 6. O’Leary MA: Basicranial anatomy of extant Artiodactyla. Bulletin American Museum Of Natural History, 2016, 409: 44-48 7. Orliac MJ, Guy F, Lebrun R: Osteological connections of the petrosal bone of the extant Hippopotamidae Hippopotamus amphibius and Choeropsis liberiensis. MorphoMusueum

References Atia, A., Debez, A., Barhoumi, Z., Abdelly, C., Smaoui, A., 2009: Histochemical localization of essential oils and bioactive substances in the seed coat of the halophyte Crith-mum maritimum L. (Apiaceae). Journal of Plant Biology 52, 448-452. Bern Convention, 1979: Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats: Annex I, Bern. Carlquist, S., Miller, R. B., 1999: Vegetative anatomy and relationships of Setchellanthus caeruleus (Setchellanthaceae). Taxon 48, 289-302. Ceriani, R. M., Pierce, S., Cerabolini, B., 2008: Are

of paleontological and molecular data in supertrees for comparative studies: the example of lissamphibian femoral microanatomy. – Journal of Anatomy, 215: 110–123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7580.2009.01104.x Lutz, G. J., Rome, L. C. (1994): Built for jumping: the design of the frog muscular system. – Science, 263: 370–372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.8278808 Marjanović, D., Laurin, M. (2014): An updated paleontological timetree of lissamphibians, with comments on the anatomy of Jurassic crown-group salamanders (Urodela). – Historical Biology, 26: 535

, subjectivity, and early modern texts . Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Maus, Katharine Eisaman. 1995. Inwardness and theater in the English Renaissance . Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Neill, Michael. 1997. Issues of death. Mortality and identity in English Renaissance tragedy . Oxford: Clarendon Press. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183860.001.0001 Nunn, Hillary M. 2005. Staging anatomies: Dissection and spectacle in early Stuart tragedy . Farnham: Ashgate. Owens, Margaret E. 2005. Stages of dismemberment. The fragmented body in late

-dimensional anal endosonography. Br J Surg. 2000; 87:1674-9. 10. Regadas FS, Murad-Regadas SM, Lima DM, Silva FR, Barreto RG, Souza MH, et al. Anal canal anatomy showed by three-dimensional anorectal ultrasonography. Surg Endosc. 2007; 21:2207-11. 11. Burnette SJ, Bartram CI. Endosonographic variations in the normal internal anal sphincter. Int J Colorect Dis. 1991; 6:2-4. 12. Papachrysostomou M, Pye SD, Wild SR, Smith AN. Anal endosonography in asymptomatic subjects. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1993; 28:551-6. 13. Gregory WT, Boyles SH, Simmons K, Corcoran A, Clark AL. External anal

., Sandberg, A. A., 1964: Nomenclature for centromeric position on chromosomes. Hereditas 52, 201-220. Maassoumi, A. A. R., 1980: Cruciferes de la fl ore d’lran. Etude Caryosystematique. Thesis, Strasbourg. Metcalfe, C. R., Chalk, L., 1950: Anatomy of Dicotyledones. Vol. 1, Oxford. Mitić, B., Halbritter, H., 2008: Pollen morphology of Degenia velebitica (Degen) Hayek and Sibiraea altaiensis (Laxm.) C. K. Schneid. subsp. croatica Degen - rare Croatian endemic plants from Velebit Mountains. Periodicum Biologorum 110, 181-185. Montmollin, B. D., 1986: Étude cytotaxonomique de

defect after anterior temporal lobectomy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005;67:797-803. 17. Kier EL, Staib LH, Davis LM, Bronen RA. MR imaging of the temporal stem: anatomic dissection tractography of the uncinate fasciculus, inferior occipitofrontal fasciculus, and Meyer’s loop of the optic radiation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004; 25:677-691. 18. Wu W, Rigolo L, O'Donnell LJ, et al. Visual pathway study using in vivo diffusion tensor imaging tractography to complement classic anatomy. Neurosurgery. 2012;70:ons145-ons156. 19. Mori S, Kaufmann WE, Davatzikos C, et al. (2002

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Human tooth pulp anatomy visualization by 3D magnetic resonance microscopy

Background. Precise assessment of dental pulp anatomy is of an extreme importance for a successful endodontic treatment. As standard radiographs of teeth provide very limited information on dental pulp anatomy, more capable methods are highly appreciated. One of these is 3D magnetic resonance (MR) microscopy of which diagnostic capabilities in terms of a better dental pulp anatomy assessment were evaluated in the study.

Materials and methods. Twenty extracted human teeth were scanned on a 2.35 T MRI system for MR microscopy using the 3D spin-echo method that enabled image acquisition with isotropic resolution of 100 μm. The 3D images were then post processed by ImageJ program (NIH) to obtain advanced volume rendered views of dental pulps.

Results. MR microscopy at 2.35 T provided accurate data on dental pulp anatomy in vitro. The data were presented as a sequence of thin 2D slices through the pulp in various orientations or as volume rendered 3D images reconstructed form arbitrary view-points. Sequential 2D images enabled only an approximate assessment of the pulp, while volume rendered 3D images were more precise in visualization of pulp anatomy and clearly showed pulp diverticles, number of pulp canals and root canal anastomosis.

Conclusions. This in vitro study demonstrated that MR microscopy could provide very accurate 3D visualization of dental pulp anatomy. A possible future application of the method in vivo may be of a great importance for the endodontic treatment.

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