Naja Marot, Damjana Gantar and Barbara Černič Mali
regions as referents for collective action’. In: Journal of Alpine Research, Vol. 97, Issue 2, University of Geneva, pp. 11-18.
Del Biaggio, C., 2011: Bridging national boundaries: how networks of local actors are building the Alpineregion. In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 14, Science Direct, pp. 121-128. DOI:10.1016/j. sbspro.2011.10.562.
Del Biaggio, C., 2015: Investigating regional identities within the pan-alpine governance system: The presence or absence of identification with a ‘community of problems’ among local
Illyrian Pre-Alpine Fir and beech Forests - The Association Homogyno Sylvestris-Fagetum Marinček et al. 1993
The work deals with the association Homogyno sylvestris-Fagetum in the pre-Alpine region of Slovenia. The communitis were classified into a geographical race typica and divided into six subassociations: typicum subass. nova, mercurialetosum perennis subass. nova, festucetosum altissimae subass. nova, calamagrostietosum variae subass. nova, luzuletosum sylvaticae subass. nova and vaccinietosum myrtilli subass. nova. The results are shown in the analytical table, as well as in two diagrams.
Peter Čede, Gerhard Deissl, Roland Löffler and Ernst Steinicke
In most Alpine regions with current negative migratory balance, new in-migration from urban areas has meanwhile become a relevant factor. However, this phenomenon is insignificant in Austria’s Eastern Alps. The aim of this thesis-led work is to empirically demonstrate the main reasons for this demographically exceptional position. The Styrian-Lower Austrian Limestone Alps, representing the peripheral core area of Austria's Eastern Alps, were chosen as the study area, as in this region the population decline and above all, migratory losses are particularly high. Through various qualitative and quantitative data acquisition techniques it was shown that new inmigration is still insignificant. The main reasons for this are the perseverance of large estates and the dominance of forestry.
., Seitz F., 2018: Present-day surface deformation of the Alpineregion inferred from geodetic techniques. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10 , 1503–1526, doi: 10.5194/essd-10-1503-2018.
Sato T., Harrison J.C., 1990: Local effects on tidal strain measurements at Esashi, Japan. Geophys. J. Int., 102 , 3, 513–526, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1990.tb04577.x.
Serpelloni E., Anzidei M., Baldi P., Casula G., Galvani A., 2005: Crustal velocity and strain-rate fields in Italy and surrounding regions: new results from the analysis of permanent and non-permanent GPS networks
Alexandru-Ionuţ Petrişor and Liliana Elza Petrişor
The alpine region is of crucial importance for the European Union; as a result, the Carpathian Convention aims at its sustainable development. Since sustainability implies also conservation through natural protected areas, aimed at including regions representative for the national biogeographical space, this article aims at assessing the efficiency of conservation. The methodology consisted of using spatial metrics applied to Romanian and European data on the natural protected areas, land cover and use and their transitional dynamics. The findings show a very good coverage of the Alpine biogeographical region (98% included in the Convention area, and 43% of it protected within the Convention area) and of the ecological region of Carpathian montane coniferous forests (88% included in the Convention area, and 42% of it protected within the Convention area). The dominant land cover is represented by forests (63% within the Convention area, and 70% of the total protected area). The main transitional dynamics are deforestation (covering 50% of all changes area within the Convention area and 46% from the changed area within its protected area) and forestations – including afforestation, reforestation and colonization of abandoned agricultural areas by forest vegetation (covering 44% of all changes area within the Convention area and 51% from the changed area within its protected area) during 1990-2000 and deforestation (covering 97% of all changes area within the Convention area and 99% from the changed area within its protected area) during 1990-2000. The results suggest that the coverage of biogeographical and ecological zones is good, especially for the most relevant ones, but deforestations are a serious issue, regardless of occurring before or after achieving the protection status.
, J. M., BEGERT, M., MÜLLER-WESTMEIER, G., KVETON, V., BOCHNICEK, O., STASTNY, P., LAPIN, M., SZALAI, S., SZENTIMREY, T., CEGNAR, T., DOLINAR, M., GAJIČ-ČAPKA, M., ZANINOVIĆ, K., MAJSTOROVIĆ, Z., NIEPLOVA, E. (2007): HISTALP-historical instrumental climatological surface time series of the Greater AlpineRegion. International Journal of Climatology, 27: 17–46.
BENISTON, M., TOL, R. S. J., DELÉCOLLE, R., HOERMAN, G., IGLESIAS, A., INNES, J., McICHAEL, A. J., MARTENS, W. J. M., NEMESOVA, I., NICHOLLS, R., TOTH, F. L., KOVATS, S., LEEMANS, R., STOJIC, Z. (1998
wieloletnia zmienność typów pogody w Krakowie . IGiGP UJ, Kraków.
Sheridan S.C., 2002. The redevelopment of a weather-type classification scheme for North America. Int. J. Climatol . 22(1): 51-68.
Sheridan S.C., 2003. North American weather-type frequency and teleconnection indices. Int. J. Climatol . 23(1): 27-45.
Stefanicki G., Talkner P., Weber R.O., 1998. Frequency changes of weather types in the Alpineregion since 1945. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 60(1-4): 47-61.
Switzer J., 1925. Weather types in the
-słowackim. Nowy Targ: PPWSZ; 2012:87-92. http://www.konferencja.ppwsz.edu.pl/_pliki/12-mroczka,b660f.pdf .
 Witkowski Z, Mroczka A, Ciapała S. Zagrożenia związane z turystyką i rekreacją na obszarach Natura 2000 w regionie alpejskim w świetle Standardowych Formularzy Danych. (Threats associated with tourism and recreation in Natura 2000 areas in alpineregion in the light of Standard Data Forms). Folia Turistica. 2012;26:91-105. http://www.folia-turistica.pl/attachments/article/402/FT_26_2012.pdf .
areas. In: Darnhofer, I. & Grötzer, M., eds., Building sustainable rural futures (pp. 1599-1606). Vienna: University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences.
 Molden, D., Verma, R. & Sharma, E. (2014). Gender Equality as a Key Strategy for Achieving Equitable and Sustainable Development in Mountains: The Case of the Hindu Kush- Himalayas. Mountain Research and Development 34(3): 297-300. DOI: 10.1659/MRDJOURNAL- D-14-00064.
 Oedl-Wieser, T. (2007). Female entrepreneurship in the alpineregion of Pinzau-Pongau Austria). In
Conservation, Natura 2000 Seminars, Alpineregion, Background document, 50.
23. ***, 2013 – BioREGIO Carpathians Work package 4: Development of Common Integrated Management Measures for Key Natural Assets in the Carpathians, Preliminary report, http://www.anpm.ro/anpm_resources/migrated_content/uploads/95973_Wetlands_Carpathians%20Rap.%20EN.pdf .
24. *** 2013 – European Commission, Commission Implementing Decision 2013/738/EU of 7 November 2013 adopting a seventh updated list of sites of Community importance for the Alpine biogeographically region (notified