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The Population of Fejér County in the 18th Century Through the Eyes of Foreign Travellers

English travel guides.] Debrecen. Web. 12. April 2010. ganymedes. lib.unideb.hu:8080/dea/bitstream/2437/3129/1/de_2635.PDF Birkás, Géza. 1932. Egy elzászi francia nemes dunántúli utazása a 18. század második felében. [The voyage of an Alsace noble in Transdanubia in the second half of the 18th century.] Különlenyomat [Offprint] Győri Szemle III (3), numbered from 1 to 15. Csukovits, Enikő. 2009. Források, műfajok, lehetőségek: a középkori Magyarországkép elemei. [Sources, genres, possibilities: elements of the medieval image of Hungary

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18Th Century Vistula River Geography in View of Franciszek Florian Czaki’s Maps

References Buczek K., 1939. Czaki Franciszek Florian. In: Polski Słownik Biograficzny , 4: 161-162. Kraków. Buczek K., 1963. Dzieje kartografii polskiej od XV do XVIII wieku (The History of Polish Cartography from 15th to 18th century) . Warszawa. Jakubowski J., 1930. Nowo odnaleziona polska mapa Spisza (Recently discovered Polish map of Spiš). Pamiętnik II Zjazdu Słowiańskich Etnografów i Geografów w Polsce w 1927 r. , 2: 255-256. Kraków. Krassowski B., 1982. Wśród starych map i

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Research on 18th Century Music in Poland. An Introduction

. Historia-Literatura-Sztuka . No. 21, pp. 261–274. Chaniecki, Z. (1972). Nieznane kapele polskie z XVII i XVIII wieku [Unknown Polish 17 th - and 18 th -century Music Ensembles], Muzyka . No. 17/4, pp. 84–96. Chodkowski, A. (1964). Klasyczna forma sonatowa w twórczości kameralnej Ludwiga van Beethovena [ The Classical Sonata Form in the Chamber Music Output of Ludwig van Beethoven ], Ph.D. dissertation supervisor: Z. Lissa. Warsaw: Institute of Musicology / University of Warsaw. Chodkowski, A. (1973). Repertuar muzyczny teatru saskiego w Warszawie

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18th-Century Daily Measurements and Weather Observations in the Se-Carpathian Basin: A Preliminary Analysis of the Timişoara Series (1780-1803)

of daily air temperature in Padova (1725-1998). Climatic Change 53, 7-75. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-010-0371-1_2 Camuffo, D. 2002b. Calibration and Instrumental Errors in early Measurements of Air Temperature. Climatic Change 53, 279-329. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-010-0371-1_11 Csernus-Molnár, I. , Kiss, A. 2011. A XVIII. század végi magyarországi műszeres mérések feldolgozási és vizsgálati lehetőségei (Research and study possibilities of late 18th-century instrumental weather measurement series in Hungary). In: Kázmér, M. (ed

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What Was a Relevant Translation in the 18th Century?

Abstract

The paper applies RT to analyse an 18th century translation of a Latin text by the preeminent Romanian scholar Demetrius Cantemir. The translation diverges significantly from the original and was met with harsh criticism. Using the conceptual toolkit of RT, I argue that the differences between the original and its English translation were motivated by the translator’s desire to yield the same cognitive effect without putting the audience to unnecessary processing effort. Both effects and effort need to be evaluated by taking into account the respective cognitive environments of the source-text and the target-text audiences. The intertextual dimension of the text under scrutiny adds to the difficulty of communicating the same message in different languages and cultures.

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Lutheran Clergy in an Orthodox Empire. The Apppointment of Pastors in the Russo-Swedish Borderland in the 18th Century

Abstract

The history of the parishioners’ right to participate in and influence the choice of local clergy in Sweden and Finland can be taken back as far as the late Medieval Times. The procedures for electing clergymen are described in historiography as a specifically Nordic feature and as creating the basis of local self-government. In this article the features of local self-government are studied in a context where the scope for action was being modified. The focus is on the parishioners’ possibilities and willingness to influence the appointment of pastors in the Lutheran parishes of the Russo-Swedish borderlands in the 18th century. At the same time, this article will offer the first comprehensive presentation of the procedures for electing pastors in the Consistory District of Fredrikshamn. The Treaty of Åbo, concluded between Sweden and Russia in 1743, ensured that the existing Swedish law, including the canon law of 1686, together with the old Swedish privileges and statutes, as well as the freedom to practise the Lutheran religion, remained in force in the area annexed into Russia. By analysing the actual process of appointing pastors, it is possible to discuss both the development of the local political culture and the interaction between the central power and the local society in the late Early Modern era.

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Almanacs, Journals, Privileges? An Essay on the Backbone of the Printing Business Culture in Bohemia in 18th-Century Bohemia

Abstract

Based on two intertwined case studies, this essay shows the economic importance of almanacs for Bohemian printing houses under the reign of Maria Theresa (1740–1780). The first case study focuses on the printing house of Sophie Rosenmüller (Kirchner-Klauser) in Prague, which during the 18th century published the only two newspapers in Bohemia, one in German and one in Czech. After her husband’s death (1745), Sophie Rosenmüller asked the Viennese administration for the permission to close the loss-making Cžeský postylion neboližto NOWJNY Cžeské [Bohemian Postilion or Czech Newspaper], which never had more than twelve subscribers per year. But Empress Maria Theresa insisted on the existence of the Czech newspaper. As compensation, she granted Sophie Rosenmüller privileges to publish highly profitable almanacs. In 1771, the empress finally agreed to suspending the paper. The second study deals with the severe impact of Maria Theresa’s religious reforms on provincial printing houses, like the one of Ignaz Hilgartner in the South Bohemian town of Jindřichův Hradec. Thoroughly discussed short-term issues included the reduction of the number of holidays and the fact that they were no longer to be printed in red in almanacs; more severe problems involved the loss of important clients, caused by the disbanding of some secular religious fraternities and foremost the Jesuits, and the end of some important genres, e.g. school dramas with their printed synopsis; the biggest problem was caused by the societalisation of the school system and the printing of textbooks. Due to the lack of a secular literary market (universities, enlightened clientele) in South Bohemia, Hilgartner saw only two possibilities to compensate for these losses: either to move his office to Prague or to assume the privileges of Sophie Rosenmüller (and especially her best-selling almanacs) after her death in 1780. Nevertheless, both possibilities were denied to him.

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Aspects of the Imaginary of the Romanian Principalities in the Stories of the British Travelers of the 18th Century

Heitman, Imaginea românilor în spaţiul lingvistic german , Polirom, Iaşi, 2014, passim. [2] Călători străini despre Ţările Române (ed. Maria Holban, M. M. Alexandrescu-Dersca Bulgaru, Paul Cernovodeanu), X/1, Editura Academiei Române, Bucureşti, 2000, p. 666-672; also see N. Iorga, A History of Anglo-Roumanian Relations , Bucureşti, 1931, passim. Iorga’s work proposes an important informational series regarding the English travellers through the Romanian principalities in the 18 th century and the manner in which they “discover” the anthropological and

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Mysterious Fears: Lexical Means of Expressing the Conceptual Category of the Mystic In English Gothic Narration of the 18th Century

meanings: Lexical semantics across domains, languages, and cultures. New York: Oxford University Press. Halych, O.B. (2011). Linguistic means of expressing the mystic in the English Gothic novel of the 18 th century: A functional and semantic aspect. Synopsis for thesis for the candidate degree in philology. Speciality 10.02.04 – Germanic languages. Kyiv: Kyiv national linguistic university. / Halych O.B. Movni zasoby vidtvorennya mistychnoho v anhliys ’ komu hotychnomu romani 18 th stolittya: Funktsional ’ no-semantychnyj aspekt. Avtoreferat dysertatsiyi na

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Following the Traces of Books in the Brisigell Family

Abstract

The Brisigells were one of the families that settled in Bohemia in connection with land acquisitions during the Thirty Years’ War. The family achieved its greatest wealth in the second generation at the turn of the 18th century. The third generation suffered a gradual decline, caused i.a. by financial difficulties and debt. After the middle of the 18th century, the family disappeared from Bohemia. The electronic cataloguing of early printed books with systematically recorded provenances has made it possible to identify in the collections of the Strahov Library and the National Library a small set of books previously owned by individual family members. Not only has the analysis enabled insight into the reading interests of the Brisigell family, but it has also provided information on the wandering of the books within the family as well as within friendly and business relations with other noblemen in the regions of West and Southwest Bohemia.

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